103. The Case of One Who Involves in Carnal Relations with His Wife Before Completing the Acts of His al-Hajj

Back to book

1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ مُحْرِمٍ غَشِيَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَهِيَ مُحْرِمَةٌ قَالَ جَاهِلَيْنِ أَوْ عَالِمَيْنِ قُلْتُ أَجِبْنِي فِي الْوَجْهَيْنِ جَمِيعاً قَالَ إِنْ كَانَا جَاهِلَيْنِ اسْتَغْفَرَا رَبَّهُمَا وَمَضَيَا عَلَى حَجِّهِمَا وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِمَا شَيْ‏ءٌ وَإِنْ كَانَا عَالِمَيْنِ فُرِّقَ بَيْنَهُمَا مِنَ الْمَكَانِ الَّذِي أَحْدَثَا فِيهِ وَعَلَيْهِمَا بَدَنَةٌ وَعَلَيْهِمَا الْحَجُّ مِنْ قَابِلٍ فَإِذَا بَلَغَا الْمَكَانَ الَّذِي أَحْدَثَا فِيهِ فُرِّقَ بَيْنَهُمَا حَتَّى يَقْضِيَا نُسُكَهُمَا وَيَرْجِعَا إِلَى الْمَكَانِ الَّذِي أَصَابَا فِيهِ مَا أَصَابَا قُلْتُ فَأَيُّ الْحَجَّتَيْنِ لَهُمَا قَالَ الأُولَى الَّتِي أَحْدَثَا فِيهَا مَا أَحْدَثَا وَالأُخْرَى عَلَيْهِمَا عُقُوبَةٌ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in the state of Ihram performs sexual relation with his wife who also is in the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) asked, ’Do they know or they are ignorant?’ I replied, ’It is not known altogether.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If they are ignorant, they must ask forgiveness and continue their al-Hajj and there is nothing on them. If they know they must separate at that place where it has happened. They owe one badanah each and al-Hajj in future. When they reach that place where it happened, they must separate from each other until they complete all acts of al-Hajj and return to the place where it had happened.’ I then asked, ‘Which of the two al- Hajj is for them?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is the first al-Hajj in which they did what they did and the other al-Hajj is a penalty upon them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/346)



2ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ رَفَعَهُ إِلَى أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَعْنَى يُفَرَّقُ بَيْنَهُمَا أَيْ لا يَخْلُوَانِ وَأَنْ يَكُونَ مَعَهُمَا ثَالِثٌ.


2. Ali has narrated from his father from Hammad from Aban ibn ‘Uthman in a marfu‘ manner who has said the following: “One of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘The meaning of separating them is that they must not stay together without a third person being with them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/348)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَصَفْوَانَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الْمُحْرِمِ يَقَعُ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ أَفْضَى إِلَيْهَا فَعَلَيْهِ بَدَنَةٌ وَالْحَجُّ مِنْ قَابِلٍ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ أَفْضَى إِلَيْهَا فَعَلَيْهِ بَدَنَةٌ وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ الْحَجُّ مِنْ قَابِلٍ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ وَقَعَ عَلَى امْرَأَتِهِ وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ جَاهِلاً فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ جَاهِلاً فَعَلَيْهِ سَوْقُ بَدَنَةٍ وَعَلَيْهِ الْحَجُّ مِنْ قَابِلٍ فَإِذَا انْتَهَى إِلَى الْمَكَانِ الَّذِي وَقَعَ بِهَا فُرِّقَ مَحْمِلُهُمَا فَلَمْ يَجْتَمِعَا فِي خِبَاءٍ وَاحِدٍ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ مَعَهُمَا غَيْرُهُمَا حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ الْهَدْيُ مَحِلَّهُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Safwan from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “About a man who is in the state of Ihram and performs sexual relation with his wife, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If intercourse has taken place, he owes a badanah and al-Hajj in future; if it has not taken place, he owes one badanah but not al-Hajj in future.’ I then asked, about a man who performs sexual relation with his wife while he is in the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he does not know the rule he does not owe anything. If he is not ignorant, then he must drive a badanah and he owes al-Hajj in future. When he arrives at the place where it had happened they must separate from each other’s carriage and must not sit together in one tent unless there is a third person present with them until the offering reaches its place.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/348)



4ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) رَجُلٌ وَقَعَ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ قَالَ أَ جَاهِلٌ أَوْ عَالِمٌ قَالَ قُلْتُ جَاهِلٌ قَالَ يَسْتَغْفِرُ الله وَلا يَعُودُ وَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ.


4. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram and is involved in sexual relation with his wife. He (the Imam) asked, ‘Is he informed or ignorant?’ I replied, ‘He is ignorant.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He must ask forgiveness, must not repeat and there is nothing on him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/348)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ مُحْرِمٍ وَاقَعَ أَهْلَهُ فَقَالَ قَدْ أَتَى عَظِيماً قُلْتُ أَفْتِنِي فَقَالَ اسْتَكْرَهَهَا أَوْ لَمْ يَسْتَكْرِهْهَا قُلْتُ أَفْتِنِي فِيهِمَا جَمِيعاً فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ اسْتَكْرَهَهَا فَعَلَيْهِ بَدَنَتَانِ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنِ اسْتَكْرَهَهَا فَعَلَيْهِ بَدَنَةٌ وَعَلَيْهَا بَدَنَةٌ وَيَفْتَرِقَانِ مِنَ الْمَكَانِ الَّذِي كَانَ فِيهِ مَا كَانَ حَتَّى يَنْتَهِيَا إِلَى مَكَّةَ وَعَلَيْهِمَا الْحَجُّ مِنْ قَابِلٍ لا بُدَّ مِنْهُ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَإِذَا انْتَهَيَا إِلَى مَكَّةَ فَهِيَ امْرَأَتُهُ كَمَا كَانَتْ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ هِيَ امْرَأَتُهُ كَمَا هِيَ فَإِذَا انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الْمَكَانِ الَّذِي كَانَ مِنْهُمَا مَا كَانَ افْتَرَقَا حَتَّى يُحِلاَّ فَإِذَا أَحَلاَّ فَقَدِ انْقَضَى عَنْهُمَا فَإِنَّ أَبِي كَانَ يَقُولُ ذَلِكَ وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ أُخْرَى فَإِنْ لَمْ يَقْدِرْ عَلَى بَدَنَةٍ فَإِطْعَامُ سِتِّينَ مِسْكِيناً لِكُلِّ مِسْكِينٍ مُدٌّ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَقْدِرْ فَصِيَامُ ثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ يَوْماً وَعَلَيْهَا أَيْضاً كَمِثْلِهِ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنِ اسْتَكْرَهَهَا.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram and is involved in sexual relation with his wife. He (the Imam) said, ‘He has done a great awfull thing.’ I said, ‘Grant us a Fatwa.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘I despise it, does he not despise it?’ I then said, ‘Grant us a Fatwa about both of them.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If she despised it, there are two badanah on him, if she did not despise, there is one badanah on him and she owes one badanah. They must stay away from each other from that place until they reach Makkah and they owe al-Hajj in future.’ I then said, ‘When they arrive in Makkah will she be his wife as before?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, she is his wife as before and when they arrive at the place where it had happened they still remain separated until they come out of the state of Ihram; it then ends. This is what my father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said.’” In another Hadith it is said that if he cannot offer badanah he must feed sixty destitute people, one mud (a certain measurement) to each person, and if he cannot do this also he must fast eighteen days and the same rule applies to her case also.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/349)



6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ صَبَّاحٍ الْحَذَّاءِ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ رَجُلٍ مُحِلٍّ وَقَعَ عَلَى أَمَةٍ لَهُ مُحْرِمَةٍ قَالَ مُوسِرٌ أَوْ مُعْسِرٌ قُلْتُ أَجِبْنِي فِيهِمَا قَالَ هُوَ أَمَرَهَا بِالإِحْرَامِ أَوْ لَمْ يَأْمُرْهَا أَوْ أَحْرَمَتْ مِنْ قِبَلِ نَفْسِهَا قُلْتُ أَجِبْنِي فِيهِمَا فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ مُوسِراً وَكَانَ عَالِماً أَنَّهُ لا يَنْبَغِي لَهُ وَكَانَ هُوَ الَّذِي أَمَرَهَا بِالإِحْرَامِ فَعَلَيْهِ بَدَنَةٌ وَإِنْ شَاءَ بَقَرَةٌ وَإِنْ شَاءَ شَاةٌ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ أَمَرَهَا بِالإِحْرَامِ فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ مُوسِراً كَانَ أَوْ مُعْسِراً وَإِنْ كَانَ أَمَرَهَا وَهُوَ مُعْسِرٌ فَعَلَيْهِ دَمُ شَاةٍ أَوْ صِيَامٌ.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Sabbah al-Hadhdha’ from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is not in the state of Ihram and involves himself in sexual relation with his slave-girl who is in the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) asked, ‘Is he affluent or poor?’ I replied, ‘I am a stranger about his condition.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘Did he command her to assume the state of Ihram or she did it on her own?’ I replied, ‘I am stranger about it.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘If he is affluent and knowing that he must not have done so and he was the one who commanded her to assume the state of Ihram, he owes one badanah or if he likes one cow or one sheep. If he did not command her to assume the state of Ihram, he then does not owe anything, regardless of being affluent or poor, but if he had commanded her to assume the state of Ihram and he is poor, he then owes one sheep.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/350)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ بَاشَرَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَهُمَا مُحْرِمَانِ مَا عَلَيْهِمَا فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ أَعَانَتْ بِشَهْوَةٍ مَعَ شَهْوَةِ الرَّجُلِ فَعَلَيْهِمَا الْهَدْيُ جَمِيعاً وَيُفَرَّقُ بَيْنَهُمَا حَتَّى يَفْرُغَا مِنَ الْمَنَاسِكِ وَحَتَّى يَرْجِعَا إِلَى الْمَكَانِ الَّذِي أَصَابَا فِيهِ مَا أَصَابَا وَإِنْ كَانَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ لَمْ تُعِنْ بِشَهْوَةٍ وَاسْتَكْرَهَهَا صَاحِبُهَا فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from Hisham ibn Salim from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram as well as his wife and he involves himself in sexual relation with her. He (the Imam) said, ‘If it is with her and his lustfulness, they both owe an offering. They must separate from each other until all acts of al-Hajj are complete and they return to the place where it had happened; if it was not with lust on her part, instead she had despised, then she does not owe anything.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/350)