102. The Case of One Who Gets Married, Divorces and Buys or Sells Slaves

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْمُحْرِمُ لا يَنْكِحُ وَلا يُنْكِحُ وَلا يَخْطُبُ وَلا يَشْهَدُ النِّكَاحَ وَإِنْ نَكَحَ فَنِكَاحُهُ بَاطِلٌ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One in the state of Ihram cannot marry or be married, propose marriage or bear witness to marriage; and if one marries, it is invalid.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/344)



2ـ أَحْمَدُ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ رَجُلاً مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ تَزَوَّجَ وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ فَأَبْطَلَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) نِكَاحَهُ.


2. Ahmad has narrated from Safwan ibn Yahya from Hariz from ‘Abd al- Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A man from Ansar got married in the state of Ihram, and the Messenger of Allah, considered his marriage invalid.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/344)



3ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ الْمُحْرِمَ إِذَا تَزَوَّجَ وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ فُرِّقَ بَيْنَهُمَا ثُمَّ لا يَتَعَاوَدَانِ أَبَداً.


3. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Ali from ibn Bukayr from Ibrahim ibn al-Hassan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that if one in the state of Ihram gets married, and he is still in the state of Ihram, they are separated and they can never marry each other again.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/344)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ الْمُحْرِمُ لا يَتَزَوَّجُ فَإِنْ فَعَلَ فَنِكَاحُهُ بَاطِلٌ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Safwan from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A person in the state of Ihram cannot marry, if one does so one’s marriage is invalid.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/345)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا يَنْبَغِي لِلرَّجُلِ الْحَلالِ أَنْ يُزَوِّجَ مُحْرِماً وَهُوَ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّهُ لا يَحِلُّ لَهُ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ فَعَلَ فَدَخَلَ بِهَا الْمُحْرِمُ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَا عَالِمَيْنِ فَإِنَّ عَلَى كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا بَدَنَةً وَعَلَى الْمَرْأَةِ إِنْ كَانَتْ مُحْرِمَةً بَدَنَةً وَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ مُحْرِمَةً فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهَا إِلاَّ أَنْ تَكُونَ قَدْ عَلِمَتْ أَنَّ الَّذِي تَزَوَّجَهَا مُحْرِمٌ فَإِنْ كَانَتْ عَلِمَتْ ثُمَّ تَزَوَّجَتْهُ فَعَلَيْهَا بَدَنَةٌ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from Sama‘ah ibn Mehran who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not proper for one who is not in the state of Ihram to marry one who is in the state of Ihram, knowing that it is not lawful.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if they marry and perform sexual relation in the state of Ihram? He (the Imam) said, ‘If they both know the rule, each one owes one badanah, and she owes it if she is in the state of Ihram, but if she is not in the state of Ihram, there is nothing on her, unless she knows that the man was in the state of Ihram. If she knows it and gets married, then she owes one badanah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/345)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ الْمُحْرِمُ يُطَلِّقُ وَلا يَتَزَوَّجُ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from ‘Asem ibn Hamid from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘One, in the state of Ihram, can pronounce divorce but cannot get married.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/345)



7ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يُطَلِّقُ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


7. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from has narrated from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram; if he can divorce. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can pronounce divorce.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/346)



8ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يَشْتَرِي الْجَوَارِيَ وَيَبِيعُ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


8. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Barqiy from Sa‘d ibn Sa‘d who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram; if he can buy and sell slave-girls. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/346)