9. The Day That Is Doubtful About Its Being of the Month of Sha‘ban or the Month of Ramadan

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ يَعْلَى عَنْ زَكَرِيَّا بْنِ آدَمَ عَنِ الْكَاهِلِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي يُشَكُّ فِيهِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ قَالَ لأَنْ أَصُومَ يَوْماً مِنْ شَعْبَانَ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِنْ أَنْ أُفْطِرَ يَوْماً مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Hamzah ibn Ya‘liy from Zakariya ibn Adam from al- Kahiliy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of the day that is not known to be of the month of al-Sha’ban. He (the Imam) said, ’Fasting one day of the month of al-Sha’ban is more beloved to me than losing one day of the month of Ramadan.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/238)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي يُشَكُّ فِيهِ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ لا يَدْرِي أَ هُوَ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ أَوْ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ فَصَامَهُ فَكَانَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ قَالَ هُوَ يَوْمٌ وُفِّقَ لَهُ وَلا قَضَاءَ عَلَيْهِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of the day which is doubtful of being of the month of Ramadan and one does not know if it is of al-Sha’ban or of the month of Ramadan. He fasts that day and it was of the month of Ramadan. He (the Imam) said, ‘It was a day when he fortunately fasted and there is no Qada’ (compensatory fast) upon him.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/238)



3ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ وَهْبٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الرَّجُلُ يَصُومُ الْيَوْمَ الَّذِي يَشُكُّ فِيهِ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَيَكُونُ كَذَلِكَ فَقَالَ هُوَ شَيْ‏ءٌ وُفِّقَ لَهُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn Wahab who has said the following: “I once asked Abu `Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who fasts on a day which is doubtful of its being from al-Sha £ ban or of the month of Ramadan, and it happens to be of the month of Ramadan. He (the Imam) said, ‘It was something in which he was fortunate.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/239)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي الصُّهْبَانِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ رِبَاطٍ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الأَعْرَجِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنِّي صُمْتُ الْيَوْمَ الَّذِي يُشَكُّ فِيهِ فَكَانَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ أَ فَأَقْضِيهِ قَالَ لا هُوَ يَوْمٌ وُفِّقْتَ لَهُ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn abu al-Suhban from Ali ibn al-Husayn ibn Ribat from Sa‘id al-’A‘raj who has said the following: “I once asked Abu `Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ’I have fasted on the day which is doubtful about its being of al-Sha £ ban or of the month of Ramadan, if there is Qada’ (compensatory fast) upon me.’ He (the Imam) said, £ No, Qada’ (compensatory fast) is not obligatory on you and it was a day in which you had a fortunate chance.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/239)



5ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي الصُّهْبَانِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بَكْرِ بْنِ جَنَاحٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ شَجَرَةَ عَنْ بَشِيرٍ النَّبَّالِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ صَوْمِ يَوْمِ الشَّكِّ فَقَالَ صُمْهُ فَإِنْ يَكُ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ كَانَ تَطَوُّعاً وَإِنْ يَكُ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَيَوْمٌ وُفِّقْتَ لَهُ.


5. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from has narrated from ibn abu al-Suhban from Muhammad ibn Bakr ibn Janah from Ali ibn Shajarah from Bashir al-Nabbal who has said the following: “I once asked Abu `Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a doubtful day. He (the Imam) said, ’Fast on such day, if it is of al-Sha £ ban, it is optional and if it is of the month of Ramadan then it is a day in which you have a fortunate chance.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/239)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) رَجُلٌ صَامَ يَوْماً وَلا يَدْرِي أَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ هُوَ أَوْ مِنْ غَيْرِهِ فَجَاءَ قَوْمٌ فَشَهِدُوا أَنَّهُ كَانَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ بَعْضُ النَّاسِ عِنْدَنَا لا يُعْتَدُّ بِهِ فَقَالَ بَلَى فَقُلْتُ إِنَّهُمْ قَالُوا صُمْتَ وَأَنْتَ لا تَدْرِي أَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ هَذَا أَمْ مِنْ غَيْرِهِ فَقَالَ بَلَى فَاعْتَدَّ بِهِ فَإِنَّمَا هُوَ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَفَّقَكَ الله لَهُ إِنَّمَا يُصَامُ يَوْمُ الشَّكِّ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ وَلا يَصُومُهُ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ لأَنَّهُ قَدْ نُهِيَ أَنْ يَنْفَرِدَ الإِنْسَانُ بِالصِّيَامِ فِي يَوْمِ الشَّكِّ وَإِنَّمَا يَنْوِي مِنَ اللَّيْلَةِ أَنَّهُ يَصُومُ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ فَإِنْ كَانَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ أَجْزَأَ عَنْهُ بِتَفَضُّلِ الله تَعَالَى وَبِمَا قَدْ وَسَّعَ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ وَلَوْ لا ذَلِكَ لَهَلَكَ النَّاسُ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah, who has said the following: “I once asked Abu `Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who fasts a day and does not know if it is of the month of Ramadan or if it is of other days. Then certain people come and testify that it is of the month of Ramadan. Certain people say that it is not reliable. He (the Imam) said, £ Yes, that is true.’ I then said that they say, ‘You fasted and did not know if it was of the month of Ramadan or of other days.’ He (the Imam) said, ’Yes, that is true. You can depend on it; it is something in which Allah granted you a fortunate chance. A doubtful day is fasted as that of al-Sha’ban and not as that of the month of Ramadan; he prohibited one’s fasting alone on a doubtful day. During the night one forms his intention to fast as a day of al-Sha’ban and if it happens to be of the month of Ramadan, it is sufficient for it by the favor from Allah, most High, because of the ease He has granted to His servants; otherwise, they would have been destroyed.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/239)



7ـ سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ رِفَاعَةَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ بِالْحِيرَةِ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ الله مَا تَقُولُ فِي الصِّيَامِ الْيَوْمَ فَقُلْتُ ذَاكَ إِلَى الإِمَامِ إِنْ صُمْتَ صُمْنَا وَإِنْ أَفْطَرْتَ أَفْطَرْنَا فَقَالَ يَا غُلامُ عَلَيَّ بِالْمَائِدَةِ فَأَكَلْتُ مَعَهُ وَأَنَا أَعْلَمُ وَالله أَنَّهُ يَوْمٌ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَكَانَ إِفْطَارِي يَوْماً وَقَضَاؤُهُ أَيْسَرَ عَلَيَّ مِنْ أَنْ يُضْرَبَ عُنُقِي وَلا يُعْبَدَ الله.


7. Sahl ibn Ziyad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Rifa’ah from a man who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Once I went to abu al- ‘Abbas in al-Hirah and he asked, “O abu ‘Abd Allah, what do you say about today’s fast?” I replied, “It is up to the Imam to decide; if you fast we also fast, if you do not fast, we also will not fast.” He then said, “O slave, prepare the table.” I ate with him and I knew, by Allah, that it was a day of the month of Ramadan. My not fasting and instead Qada’ (compensatory fast) was easier for me than my neck being cut off and Allah is not worshipped.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/241)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عُبَيْسِ بْنِ هِشَامٍ عَنِ الْخَضِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي يُشَكُّ فِيهِ فَإِنَّ النَّاسَ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّ مَنْ صَامَهُ بِمَنْزِلَةِ مَنْ أَفْطَرَ يَوْماً فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ كَذَبُوا إِنْ كَانَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَهُوَ يَوْمٌ وُفِّقَ لَهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ مِنْ غَيْرِهِ فَهُوَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ مَا مَضَى مِنَ الأَيَّامِ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from ‘Ubays ibn Hisham from al-Hadramiy ibn ‘Abd al-Malik from Muhammad ibn Hakim who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a day about which people have doubts. People think if one fasts on such a day, it is like destroying one day of fasting in the month of Ramadan. He (the Imam) said, ‘They have spoken a lie. If it is of the month of Ramadan, it is a fortunate chance for him; and if it is of other days then it is like any of the past days.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/240)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ نُوحٍ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ الْحُصَيْنِ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ قَالَ وَهُوَ بِالْحِيرَةِ فِي زَمَانِ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ إِنِّي دَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ وَقَدْ شَكَّ النَّاسُ فِي الصَّوْمِ وَهُوَ وَالله مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ الله أَ صُمْتَ الْيَوْمَ فَقُلْتُ لا وَالْمَائِدَةُ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ قَالَ فَادْنُ فَكُلْ قَالَ فَدَنَوْتُ فَأَكَلْتُ قَالَ وَقُلْتُ الصَّوْمُ مَعَكَ وَالْفِطْرُ مَعَكَ فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) تُفْطِرُ يَوْماً مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ إِي وَالله أَنْ أُفْطِرَ يَوْماً مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِنْ أَنْ يُضْرَبَ عُنُقِي.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ayyub ibn Nuh from al-‘ Abbas ibn ‘Amir from Dawud ibn al-Husayn from a man of our people who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘I, in the time of abu al- ‘Abbas, once was in al-Hirah, when I went before him and people had doubts about the fast, and that day, by Allah, was of the month of Ramadan. I said Salam (the phrase of offering greeting of peace) to him and he asked, “O abu ‘Abd Allah, have you fasted today?” I replied, “No, I have not fasted;” the table was before him. He said, “Come close and eat.” He (the Imam) said, ‘I went close and ate, and said, “I fast with you and eat with you.’” A man then said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘Did you eat on the day of the month of Ramadan?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, by Allah, eating on one day of the month of Ramadan is more beloved to me than my neck being cut off.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/240)