7. The Rare Ahadith

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمَّادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنِ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ ثَلاثُونَ يَوْماً لا يَنْقُصُ أَبَداً. وَعَنْهُ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ مِثْلَهُ.


1. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Salih ibn abu Hammad from ibn Sinan from Hudhayfah ibn Mansur who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The month of Ramadan is thirty days and it never is less.”’ (Fatwa best explains this Hadith, however according to science, a lunar (synodic) month is 29 days, 12 hours, and approximately 44 minutes) It is narrated from him (narrator of previous Hadith) from al-Hassan ibn al-Husayn from ibn Sinan from Hudhayfah a similar Hadith.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: السندان ضعيفان - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/231)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى خَلَقَ الدُّنْيَا فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ ثُمَّ اخْتَزَلَهَا عَنْ أَيَّامِ السَّنَةِ وَالسَّنَةُ ثَلاثُمِائَةٍ وَأَرْبَعٌ وَخَمْسُونَ يَوْماً شَعْبَانُ لا يَتِمُّ أَبَداً رَمَضَانُ لا يَنْقُصُ وَالله أَبَداً وَلا تَكُونُ فَرِيضَةٌ نَاقِصَةً إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَشَوَّالٌ تِسْعَةٌ وَعِشْرُونَ يَوْماً وَذُو الْقَعْدَةِ ثَلاثُونَ يَوْماً لِقَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَواعَدْنا مُوسى‏ ثَلاثِينَ لَيْلَةً وَأَتْمَمْناها بِعَشْرٍ فَتَمَّ مِيقاتُ رَبِّهِ أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً وَذُو الْحِجَّةِ تِسْعَةٌ وَعِشْرُونَ يَوْماً وَالْمُحَرَّمُ ثَلاثُونَ يَوْماً ثُمَّ الشُّهُورُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ شَهْرٌ تَامٌّ وَشَهْرٌ نَاقِصٌ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il from certain persons of his people who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, most Blessed, most High, created the world in six days, then He took away this from the days of the year which became three hundred fifty four days. The month of al-Sha‘ban is never complete and the month of Ramadan, by Allah is never less. A duty (obligation) is never left incomplete. Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, says, “You must complete the term.” (2:181) Shawwal is twenty-nine days, Dhu al-Qa’dah is thirty days because of the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, “We made an appointment with Musa (Moses) for thirty days and We completed it with ten more days so the appointment with his Lord lasted for forty days.” (7:142) Dhu al-Hajjah has twenty-nine days and Muharram has thirty days, then the other months thereafter, one is complete and the next incomplete.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/232)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنِ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ كَثِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ ثَلاثُونَ يَوْماً لا يَنْقُصُ وَالله أَبَداً.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from ibn Sinan from Hudhayfah ibn Mansur from Mu’adh ibn Kathir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The month of Ramadan has thirty days; it never by Allah is incomplete.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/235)