50. Those Who Do or Do Not Have to Break Their Fast on a Journey

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْمُكَارِي وَالْجَمَّالُ الَّذِي يَخْتَلِفُ وَلَيْسَ لَهُ مُقَامٌ يُتِمُّ الصَّلاةَ وَيَصُومُ شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from af-Fadf ibn Shadhan from all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn al-Hakam who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Mule and camel owners who transport people on hire and frequently travel to certain places and have no station (permanent residence), must perform their Salat (prayer) complete, and fast in the month of Ramadan.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/330)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ قَالَ لا يُفْطِرُ الرَّجُلُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ إِلاَّ فِي سَبِيلِ حَقٍّ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One must not stop fasting in the month of Ramadan except in the way of truth.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/329)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ مَنْ سَافَرَ قَصَّرَ وَأَفْطَرَ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ رَجُلاً سَفَرُهُ إِلَى صَيْدٍ أَوْ فِي مَعْصِيَةِ الله أَوْ رَسُولاً لِمَنْ يَعْصِي الله أَوْ فِي طَلَبِ شَحْنَاءَ أَوْ سِعَايَةِ ضَرَرٍ عَلَى قَوْمٍ مُسْلِمِينَ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from abu Ayyub from Muhammad ibn Marwan who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘On a journey one must reduce Salat (prayer) and stop fasting unless one’s journey is because of hunting or it is in disobedience to Allah or is a messenger of one who disobeys Allah or is for seeking enmity and has slanderous reasons to cause harms to Muslims.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/330)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ حَفْصٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُشَيِّعُ أَخَاهُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَيَبْلُغُ مَسِيرَةَ يَوْمٍ أَوْ مَعَ رَجُلٍ مِنْ إِخْوَانِهِ أَ يُفْطِرُ أَوْ يَصُومُ قَالَ يُفْطِرُ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Hafs ibn Sa‘id ibn Yasar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who escorts his brother in the month of Ramadan until he travels the distance of one day’s journey or with a man from his brothers if he is required to fast. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is required to stop fasting.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/331)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) فِي الرَّجُلِ يُشَيِّعُ أَخَاهُ مَسِيرَةَ يَوْمٍ أَوْ يَوْمَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلاثَةٍ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَلْيُفْطِرْ قُلْتُ أَيُّمَا أَفْضَلُ يَصُومُ أَوْ يُشَيِّعُهُ قَالَ يُشَيِّعُهُ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ قَدْ وَضَعَهُ عَنْهُ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn, from Safwan ibn Yahya from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “This is about the case of a man who escorts his brother for a distance of one, two or three days’ journey. One of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘If it is in the month of Ramadan, he must stop fasting.’ I then asked which is more virtuous, fasting or escorting. He (the Imam) said, ‘Escorting is more virtuous; Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has exempted him from fasting.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/331)



6ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِي قَدْ جَاءَنِي خَبَرُهُ مِنَ الأَعْوَصِ وَذَلِكَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ أَتَلَقَّاهُ وَأُفْطِرُ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ أَتَلَقَّاهُ وَأُفْطِرُ أَوْ أُقِيمُ وَأَصُومُ قَالَ تَلَقَّاهُ وَأَفْطِرْ.


6. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of one of my friends who has come to al- ’A‘was in the month of Ramadan; if I can go to meet him and stop fasting. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, you can do so.’ I then asked, ‘Should I go to meet him and stop fasting or stay home and fast?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You should go to meet him and stop fasting.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/331)



7ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ عِدَّةٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قُلْتُ الرَّجُلُ يُشَيِّعُ أَخَاهُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ الْيَوْمَ وَالْيَوْمَيْنِ قَالَ يُفْطِرُ وَيَقْضِي قِيلَ لَهُ فَذَلِكَ أَفْضَلُ أَوْ يُقِيمُ وَلا يُشَيِّعُهُ قَالَ يُشَيِّعُهُ وَيُفْطِرُ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ حَقٌّ عَلَيْهِ.


7. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from Sama‘ah, from ‘Iddah from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who escorts his brother in the month of Ramadan for a distance of one day’s journey or two days’. He (the Imam) said, ‘He should stop fasting and complete its Qada’ (compensatory fast).’ It then was asked, ‘Is escorting more virtuous or staying home to fast is more virtuous? 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘Escorting and stopping the fast is more virtuous; it is a right on him.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/331)