44. The Case of a Person Who Passes Away Owing Fasting of the Month of Ramadan or Other Times

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الرَّجُلِ يَمُوتُ وَعَلَيْهِ صَلاةٌ أَوْ صِيَامٌ قَالَ يَقْضِي عَنْهُ أَوْلَى النَّاسِ بِمِيرَاثِهِ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ كَانَ أَوْلَى النَّاسِ بِهِ امْرَأَةً فَقَالَ لا إِلاَّ الرِّجَالُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtariy who has said the following: “This is in regards to my question before abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who dies when he owes Qada’ (compensatory) Salat (prayer) or fast. He (the Imam) said, The person who has the greatest degree of priority for his legacy carries out its Qada’ (compensatory fast or Salat) on his behalf.’ I then asked, ‘Can such person be a woman?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, such person can only be from men.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/319)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَدْرَكَهُ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ وَهُوَ مَرِيضٌ فَتُوُفِّيَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَبْرَأَ قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَلَكِنْ يَقْضِي عَنِ الَّذِي يَبْرَأُ ثُمَّ يَمُوتُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَقْضِيَ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-ffusayn, from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about a man who in the month of Ramadan becomes ill and dies from that illness. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is not obligated for anything; however, Qada’ (compensatory matters) must be completed on behalf of one who gets well, then dies before completing Qada’ (compensatory matters) of what is missed.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/320)



3ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي مَرْيَمَ الأَنْصَارِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا صَامَ الرَّجُلُ شَيْئاً مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَزَلْ مَرِيضاً حَتَّى مَاتَ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَإِنْ صَحَّ ثُمَّ مَرِضَ ثُمَّ مَاتَ وَكَانَ لَهُ مَالٌ تُصُدِّقَ عَنْهُ مَكَانَ كُلِّ يَوْمٍ بِمُدٍّ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ مَالٌ صَامَ عَنْهُ وَلِيُّهُ.


3. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from abu Maryam al-Ansariy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith: ‘If a man fasts certain days of the month of Ramadan during his illness then dies, he is not obligated for anything. However, if he becomes well, then becomes ill then dies and leaves behind a certain amount of asset, for every day, one mud of food must be given on his behalf, and if he has not left behind any assets, his guardian must fast on his behalf.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/320)



4ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَمُوتُ وَعَلَيْهِ دَيْنٌ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ مَنْ يَقْضِي عَنْهُ قَالَ أَوْلَى النَّاسِ بِهِ قُلْتُ وَإِنْ كَانَ أَوْلَى النَّاسِ بِهِ امْرَأَةً قَالَ لا إِلاَّ الرِّجَالُ.


4. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who dies and owes fast of the month of Ramadan and about who is responsible to complete its Qada’ (compensatory fast) on his behalf. He (the Imam) said, ‘The one who has the greatest degree of priority in the matter about him completes Qada’ (compensatory fast) on his behalf.’ I then asked, ‘Can such person be a woman?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, such person can only be from men.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/320)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى الأَخِيرِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) رَجُلٌ مَاتَ وَعَلَيْهِ قَضَاءٌ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ عَشَرَةُ أَيَّامٍ وَلَهُ وَلِيَّانِ هَلْ يَجُوزُ لَهُمَا أَنْ يَقْضِيَا عَنْهُ جَمِيعاً خَمْسَةَ أَيَّامٍ أَحَدُ الْوَلِيَّيْنِ وَخَمْسَةَ أَيَّامٍ الآخَرُ فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقْضِي عَنْهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلِيِّهِ عَشَرَةَ أَيَّامٍ وِلاءً إِنْ شَاءَ الله.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad (ibn al-Hassan al-Saffar) who has said the following: “I once wrote to the last (abu Muhammad al-‘Askariy), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked, ‘A man has died, and owes Qada’ (compensatory fast) of the month of Ramadan which are ten days and has left behind two guardians. Is it permissible that the two together complete Qada’ (compensatory fast) of such fast five days each guardian?’ He (the Imam) signed the answer that said, ‘The eldest of his guardians completes ten days of Qada’ (compensatory fast) as a guardian by the will of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/320)



6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ إِذَا مَاتَ رَجُلٌ وَعَلَيْهِ صِيَامُ شَهْرَيْنِ مُتَتَابِعَيْنِ مِنْ عِلَّةٍ فَعَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَتَصَدَّقَ عَنِ الشَّهْرِ الأَوَّلِ وَيَقْضِيَ الشَّهْرَ الثَّانِيَ.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ who has said the following: “I once heard al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘When a man dies, and he owes fast for two consecutive months for a certain reason, it is upon him to give charity for one month and complete Qada’ (compensatory fast) of the second month.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/321)