41. Remedy and Compensatory Fast for the Missed Fasting During the Month of Ramadan

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَشْيَمَ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِ أَيَّامٌ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ أَ يَقْضِيهَا مُتَفَرِّقَةً قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِتَفْرِيقِ قَضَاءِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ إِنَّمَا الصِّيَامُ الَّذِي لا يُفَرَّقُ كَفَّارَةُ الظِّهَارِ وَكَفَّارَةُ الدَّمِ وَكَفَّارَةُ الْيَمِينِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn Ahmad ibn ‘Ushaym from Sulayman ibn Ja’far al- Ja’fariy who has said the following: “This is about my question before abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who owes several days of fast of the month of Ramadan. Can he make Qada’ (compensatory fast) in different times. He (the Imam) said, Tt is not harmful to fast Qada’ (compensatory fast) for the fast of the month of Ramadan in different times. The fast that cannot be kept in different times is the fast as expiation because of al-Zihar, (calling one’s wife’s back as one’s mother’s back), the fast as expiation because of committing murder and the fast as expiation because of disregarding an oath and swearing up on the names of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/311)



2ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَمَّنْ يَقْضِي شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ مُنْقَطِعاً قَالَ إِذَا حَفِظَ أَيَّامَهُ فَلا بَأْسَ.


2. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah, who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who fasts Qada’ (compensatory fast) for the fast of the month of Ramadan in separate times. He (the Imam) said, Tt is not harmful if he keeps the number of days without missing.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/312)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ أَفْطَرَ شَيْئاً مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فِي عُذْرٍ فَإِنْ قَضَاهُ مُتَتَابِعاً أَفْضَلُ وَإِنْ قَضَاهُ مُتَفَرِّقاً فَحَسَنٌ لا بَأْسَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one has missed fasting of the month of Ramadan, for good reasons, it is better to make its Qada’ (compensatory fast) in continued order; but in different times is also valid and it is not harmful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/312)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا كَانَ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنْ صَوْمِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَلْيَقْضِهِ فِي أَيِّ شَهْرٍ شَاءَ أَيَّاماً مُتَتَابِعَةً فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَلْيَقْضِهِ كَيْفَ شَاءَ وَلْيُمَحِّصِ الأَيَّامَ فَإِنْ فَرَّقَ فَحَسَنٌ وَإِنْ تَابَعَ فَحَسَنٌ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith: ‘If one owes fasting of the month of Ramadan, he can make its Qada’ (compensatory fast) in any month that he likes but in a continued order. If he is not able to do so, he then is required to complete its Qada’ (compensatory fast) in a way he can complete. He must keep the number of days clear and without confusion. Fasting in different times is valid as well as in continued order.’”




5ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ قَضَاءِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فِي ذِي الْحِجَّةِ أَ وَأَقْطَعُهُ قَالَ اقْضِهِ فِي ذِي الْحِجَّةِ وَاقْطَعْهُ إِنْ شِئْتَ.


5. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about making Qada’ (compensatory fast) of fast of the month of Ramadan in the month of Dhul al-Hajjah and to discontinue it. He (the Imam) said, ‘You can make its Qada’ (compensatory fast) in Dhul al-Hajjah and discontinue if you like.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/313)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ هِلالٍ عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ مَرِضَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَلَمَّا بَرَأَ أَرَادَ الْحَجَّ كَيْفَ يَصْنَعُ بِقَضَاءِ الصَّوْمِ قَالَ إِذَا رَجَعَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Hilal from ‘Uqbah ibn Khalid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who becomes ill in the month of Ramadan. When he becomes well he decides to perform Hajj. What is he required to do about Qada’ (compensatory fast) of the fast? He (the Imam) said, ‘When he comes back he must do its Qada’ (compensatory fast).’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/313)