40. The Case of One Who Remains 111 for Two Consecutive Months of Ramadan

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ وَأَبِي عَبْدِ الله صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِمَا قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُمَا عَنْ رَجُلٍ مَرِضَ فَلَمْ يَصُمْ حَتَّى أَدْرَكَهُ رَمَضَانٌ آخَرُ فَقَالا إِنْ كَانَ بَرَأَ ثُمَّ تَوَانَى قَبْلَ أَنْ يُدْرِكَهُ رَمَضَانُ الآخَرِ صَامَ الَّذِي أَدْرَكَهُ وَتَصَدَّقَ عَنْ كُلِّ يَوْمٍ بِمُدٍّ مِنْ طَعَامٍ عَلَى مِسْكِينٍ وَعَلَيْهِ قَضَاؤُهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ لَمْ يَزَلْ مَرِيضاً حَتَّى أَدْرَكَهُ رَمَضَانٌ آخَرُ صَامَ الَّذِي أَدْرَكَهُ وَتَصَدَّقَ عَنِ الأَوَّلِ لِكُلِّ يَوْمٍ مُدّاً عَلَى مِسْكِينٍ وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ قَضَاؤُهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, abu Ja‘far, or abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about a patient who does not fast until the next month of Ramadan. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he became well but due to laziness did not fast before the next month of Ramadan, he must fast that (month of Ramadan) in which he is and pay a ransom of one mud of food to a destitute person and make Qada’ (compensatory fast) for what is missed. If he remains ill until the next month of Ramadan, he fasts during that which he can fast and pays a ransom of one mud of food to a destitute for what he has missed before. He is not obligated for any Qada’ (compensatory fasting) for what he has missed because of illness.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/309)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الرَّجُلِ يَمْرَضُ فَيُدْرِكُهُ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ وَيَخْرُجُ عَنْهُ وَهُوَ مَرِيضٌ وَلا يَصِحُّ حَتَّى يُدْرِكَهُ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانٍ آخَرُ قَالَ يَتَصَدَّقُ عَنِ الأَوَّلِ وَيَصُومُ الثَّانِيَ فَإِنْ كَانَ صَحَّ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُمَا وَلَمْ يَصُمْ حَتَّى أَدْرَكَهُ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانٍ آخَرُ صَامَهُمَا جَمِيعاً وَيَتَصَدَّقُ عَنِ الأَوَّلِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is ill. The month of Ramadan comes and he remains ill until the next month of Ramadan. He (the Imam) said, ‘He pays charity for the first month of Ramadan and fasts the second month of Ramadan. If in between he had become well but did not fast until the next month of Ramadan, he fasts for both and pays charity for the first month of Ramadan.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/311)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ فُضَيْلٍ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ طَائِفَةٌ ثُمَّ أَدْرَكَهُ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانٍ قَابِلٌ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَصُومَ وَأَنْ يُطْعِمَ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ مِسْكِيناً فَإِنْ كَانَ مَرِيضاً فِيمَا بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ حَتَّى أَدْرَكَهُ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانٍ قَابِلٌ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ إِلاَّ الصِّيَامُ إِنْ صَحَّ وَإِنْ تَتَابَعَ الْمَرَضُ عَلَيْهِ فَلَمْ يَصِحَّ فَعَلَيْهِ أَنْ يُطْعِمَ لِكُلِّ يَوْمٍ مِسْكِيناً.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il from Muhammad ibn Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who owes several days of fasting of the month of Ramadan and the next month of Ramadan comes. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is required to fast and feed one destitute for every day. If he had remained ill in between until the next month of Ramadan, he only owes fasting if he becomes well, but if illness continues and he does not become well, he is required to feed one destitute for every day.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/311)