26. Rinsing One’s Mouth and Nostrils while Fasting

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الصَّائِمِ يَتَوَضَّأُ لِلصَّلاةِ فَيَدْخُلُ الْمَاءُ حَلْقَهُ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ وُضُوؤُهُ لِصَلاةِ فَرِيضَةٍ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَإِنْ كَانَ وُضُوؤُهُ لِصَلاةِ نَافِلَةٍ فَعَلَيْهِ الْقَضَاءُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who takes wudu’ (ablution) and water enters in his throat. He (the Imam) said, ‘If his wudu’ (ablution) is for an obligatory Salat (prayer) there is not anything on him, but if it is for an optional Salat (prayer); he is required to make its Qada’ (compensatory fast).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/283)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي جَمِيلَةَ عَنْ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الصَّائِمِ يَتَمَضْمَضُ قَالَ لا يَبْلَعْ رِيقَهُ حَتَّى يَبْزُقَ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Isma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from abu Jamilah from Zayd who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who rinses his mouth when he is fasting. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must not swallow his saliva before discharging it out of his mouth three times.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/284)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِ فِي الصَّائِمِ يَتَمَضْمَضُ وَيَسْتَنْشِقُ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَلَكِنْ لا يُبَالِغْ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who rinses his mouth and nostril when he is fasting. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so but he must not swallow it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/284)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الرَّيَّانِ بْنِ الصَّلْتِ عَنْ يُونُسَ قَالَ الصَّائِمُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ يَسْتَاكُ مَتَى شَاءَ وَإِنْ تَمَضْمَضَ فِي وَقْتِ فَرِيضَتِهِ فَدَخَلَ الْمَاءُ حَلْقَهُ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَقَدْ تَمَّ صَوْمُهُ وَإِنْ تَمَضْمَضَ فِي غَيْرِ وَقْتِ فَرِيضَةٍ فَدَخَلَ الْمَاءُ حَلْقَهُ فَعَلَيْهِ الإِعَادَةُ وَالأَفْضَلُ لِلصَّائِمِ أَنْ لا يَتَمَضْمَضَ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Rayyan ibn al-Salt from Yunus in a marfu‘ manner has said the following: “He (the Imam) ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who is fasting in the month of Ramadan can brush one’s teeth whenever one wants; but if one rinses one’s mouth and water enters his throat he is not obligated for anything, his fast is complete. If one rinses one’s mouth in a time other than the time of obligatory Salat (prayer) and water enters his throat, one must fast again (make its Qada’ (compensatory fast) and it is better for one fasting not to rinse one’s mouth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/285)