27. The Case of a Fasting Person’s Vomiting, Nauseating or Burping

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ وَأَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا تَقَيَّأَ الصَّائِمُ فَعَلَيْهِ قَضَاءُ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ وَإِنْ ذَرَعَهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَتَقَيَّأَ فَلْيُتِمَّ صَوْمَهُ.


1. Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from and Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar all from Safwan ibn Yahya from ibn Muskan from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one fasting vomits, one is required to make Qada’ (compensatory fast for) that day; and if one feels nausea but does not vomit, one must complete the fast.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/285)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا تَقَيَّأَ الصَّائِمُ فَقَدْ أَفْطَرَ وَإِنْ ذَرَعَهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَتَقَيَّأَ فَلْيُتِمَّ صَوْمَهُ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a fasting person vomits, his fast becomes invalid; but for having nausea without vomiting he must complete his fast.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/286)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الَّذِي يَذْرَعُهُ الْقَيْ‏ءُ وَهُوَ صَائِمٌ قَالَ يُتِمُّ صَوْمَهُ وَلا يَقْضِي.


3. Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan, from ibn abu ‘Umayr, from Mu‘awiyah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who feels like vomiting must complete his fast and there is no Qada’ (compensatory fast) on him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/286)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُصَدِّقِ بْنِ صَدَقَةً عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ جَوْفِهِ الْقَلْسُ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ الْحَلْقَ ثُمَّ يَرْجِعُ إِلَى جَوْفِهِ وَهُوَ صَائِمٌ قَالَ لَيْسَ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan from ‘Amr ibn Sa‘id from Musaddiq ibn Sadaqah from ‘Ammar ibn Musa who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man with whose burping something comes up to his throat and then it goes back when he is fasting. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is not obligated for anything .’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/286)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْقَلْسِ يُفَطِّرُ الصَّائِمَ قَالَ لا.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn, from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about burping if it invalidates the fast. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, it does not invalidate one’s fast.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/287)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْقَلْسِ وَهِيَ الْجُشْأَةُ يَرْتَفِعُ الطَّعَامُ مِنْ جَوْفِ الرَّجُلِ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَكُونَ تَقَيَّأَ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ فِي الصَّلاةِ قَالَ لا يَنْقُضُ ذَلِكَ وُضُوءَهُ وَلا يَقْطَعُ صَلاتَهُ وَلا يُفَطِّرُ صِيَامَهُ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah, who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about burping which is belching and brings food up from the inside of a man without vomiting and when he is standing in Salat (prayer). He (the Imam) said, ‘It does not invalidate his wudu’, destroy his Salat (prayer) or invalidate his fast.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/287)