13. Excellence of Fasting in the Month of Shaman, Continuing Such Fast to Connect it with the Month of Ramadan, and Three Days of Fasting Every Month

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ سَلَمَةَ صَاحِبِ السَّابِرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ صَوْمُ شَعْبَانَ وَشَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ مُتَتَابِعَيْنِ تَوْبَةٌ مِنَ الله وَالله.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Salmah Sahib al-Sabiriy from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, Tasting during the month of Sha‘ban and the month of Ramadan in a continuous manner is returning to Allah. It, by Allah, is repenting/”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/255)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أَبَانٍ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ صَوْمُ شَعْبَانَ وَشَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ مُتَتَابِعَيْنِ تَوْبَةٌ مِنَ الله.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa ibn ‘Ubayd from Yunus from ‘Umar ibn Aban from al-Mufaddal ibn ‘Umar who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘Fasting during the month of Sha‘ban and the month of Ramadan in a continuous manner is returning to Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مختلف فيه 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/255)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الصَّلْتِ عَنْ زُرْعَةَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ وَعَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) يَصِلُ مَا بَيْنَ شَعْبَانَ وَرَمَضَانَ وَيَقُولُ صَوْمُ شَهْرَيْنِ مُتَتَابِعَيْنِ تَوْبَةٌ مِنَ الله.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Ali ibn al-Salt from Zur‘ah ibn Muhammad (from Sama‘ah) and al-Mufaddal ibn ‘Umar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would fast during the month of Sha‘ban and the month of Ramadan in a continuous manner and would say, ‘Fasting during two months in a continuous manner is returning to Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/255)



4ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عُلْوَانَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَصُومُ شَعْبَانَ وَرَمَضَانَ يَصِلُهُمَا وَيَنْهَى النَّاسَ أَنْ يَصِلُوهُمَا وَكَانَ يَقُولُ هُمَا شَهْرَا الله وَهُمَا كَفَّارَةٌ لِمَا قَبْلَهُمَا وَلِمَا بَعْدَهُمَا مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ.


4. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Husayn ibn ‘Ulwan from ‘Amr ibn Khalid who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, would fast during the month of Sha‘ban and the month of Ramadan and continue fasting. He (the Messenger of Allah) prohibited people to continue fasting without a break (after sunset). He also said, ‘These two are the months of Allah and this (fasting in the two months) is expiation of the sins before and after these two months.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق وقد يعد ضعيفا - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/256)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَا تَقُولُ فِي الرَّجُلِ يَصُومُ شَعْبَانَ وَشَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ هُمَا الشَّهْرَانِ اللَّذَانِ قَالَ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى شَهْرَيْنِ مُتَتابِعَيْنِ تَوْبَةً مِنَ الله قُلْتُ فَلا يَفْصِلُ بَيْنَهُمَا قَالَ إِذَا أَفْطَرَ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَهُوَ فَصْلٌ وَإِنَّمَا قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لا وِصَالَ فِي صِيَامٍ يَعْنِي لا يَصُومُ الرَّجُلُ يَوْمَيْنِ مُتَوَالِيَيْنِ مِنْ غَيْرِ إِفْطَارٍ وَقَدْ يُسْتَحَبُّ لِلْعَبْدِ أَنْ لا يَدَعَ السَّحُورَ.


5. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from certain individuals of his people from Muhammad ibn Sulayman from his father who has said the following: “Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘What do you say about a man who fasts during the month of Sha‘ban and the month of Ramadan?’ He replied, ‘They are the months about which Allah, the most Blessed, the most High, has said, “Two months one after the other in which (certain) people return to Allah.’” I then asked, ‘Is it necessary to fast without a break?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If he breaks his fast after sunset, it is a break. The Messenger of Allah has said, “There is no connecting in fasting means one must not fast for two days without breaking his fast after sunset. Sometimes it is desirable for a man to eat food before dawn.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/256)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنِ الصَّوْمِ فِي الْحَضَرِ فَقَالَ ثَلاثَةُ أَيَّامٍ فِي كُلِّ شَهْرٍ الْخَمِيسُ مِنْ جُمْعَةٍ وَالأَرْبِعَاءُ مِنْ جُمْعَةٍ وَالْخَمِيسُ مِنْ جُمْعَةٍ أُخْرَى وَقَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) صِيَامُ شَهْرِ الصَّبْرِ وَثَلاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ مِنْ كُلِّ شَهْرٍ يَذْهَبْنَ بِبَلابِلِ الصُّدُورِ وَصِيَامُ ثَلاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ مِنْ كُلِّ شَهْرٍ صِيَامُ الدَّهْرِ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ مَنْ جاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ أَمْثالِها.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about fasting while one is at home. The Imam answered, ‘It is three days every month. They are a Thursday of one week, Wednesday of one week and Thursday of another week. ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, “Fasting for a month is patience. Three days of fasting of every month removes temptation. Fasting of three days of every month is (like) fasting all the time. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, says, ‘One who does a good deed receives tenfold reward.’ (6:151)’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/257)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الصِّيَامِ فِي الشَّهْرِ كَيْفَ هُوَ قَالَ ثَلاثٌ فِي الشَّهْرِ فِي كُلِّ عَشْرٍ يَوْمٌ إِنَّ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى يَقُولُ مَنْ جاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ أَمْثالِها ثَلاثَةُ أَيَّامٍ فِي الشَّهْرِ صَوْمُ الدَّهْرِ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “I asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about fasting during a month. He replied, ’It is three days every month, one day in every ten days. Allah, the most Blessed, the most High, says, “One who does a good deed receives tenfold reward.” (6:151) Three days of fasting every month is like fasting all the time.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/257)



8ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ مُخَارِقٍ أَبِي جُنَادَةَ السَّلُولِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَنْ صَامَ شَعْبَانَ كَانَ لَهُ طُهْراً مِنْ كُلِّ زَلَّةٍ وَوَصْمَةٍ وَبَادِرَةٍ قَالَ أَبُو حَمْزَةَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَا الْوَصْمَةُ قَالَ الْيَمِينُ فِي الْمَعْصِيَةِ وَالنَّذْرُ فِي الْمَعْصِيَةِ قُلْتُ فَمَا الْبَادِرَةُ قَالَ الْيَمِينُ عِنْدَ الْغَضَبِ وَالتَّوْبَةُ مِنْهَا النَّدَمُ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid, from Muhammad ibn Ali from al-Husayn ibn Mukhariq abu Junadah al-Siluwliy from abu Hamzah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has narrated from his father who has narrated this Hadith. ’The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, “If one fasts during the month of Sha’ban, it will be a cleansing for him, from all zallah (a slip), wasmah and badirah.’” I (abu Hamzah) then asked, ‘What is wasmah?’ He replied, ‘It is swearing and a vow for unlawful cause.’ I asked, ‘What is badirah?’ He replied, ‘It is swearing when one is angry; repenting for it is regretting.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/258)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ أَفْضَلِ مَا جَرَتْ بِهِ السُّنَّةُ فِي التَّطَوُّعِ مِنَ الصَّوْمِ فَقَالَ ثَلاثَةُ أَيَّامٍ فِي كُلِّ شَهْرٍ الْخَمِيسُ فِي أَوَّلِ الشَّهْرِ وَالأَرْبِعَاءُ فِي وَسَطِ الشَّهْرِ وَالْخَمِيسُ فِي آخِرِ الشَّهْرِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ هَذَا جَمِيعُ مَا جَرَتْ بِهِ السُّنَّةُ فِي الصَّوْمِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from Zurarah who has said the following: ’’Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the best tradition in optional fasting. The Imam replied, ‘It is three days of fasting every month. It is the first Thursday, the Wednesday after the tenth day and the last Thursday of a month.’ I then asked, ‘Is that all of the tradition about fasting?’ He replied, ‘Yes, this is all about it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/258)



10ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ قَالَ قِيلَ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَا جَاءَ فِي الصَّوْمِ فِي يَوْمِ الأَرْبِعَاءِ فَقَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ خَلَقَ النَّارَ يَوْمَ الأَرْبِعَاءِ فَأَوْجَبَ صَوْمَهُ لِيُتَعَوَّذَ بِهِ مِنَ النَّارِ.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz who has said the following: “Someone asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about fasting on Wednesday. The Imam said, ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, “Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, created hellfire on Wednesday; for this reason there is fasting to seek refuge thereby from the fire.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/258)



1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنِ الأَحْوَلِ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) سُئِلَ عَنْ صَوْمِ خَمِيسَيْنِ بَيْنَهُمَا أَرْبِعَاءُ فَقَالَ أَمَّا الْخَمِيسُ فَيَوْمٌ تُعْرَضُ فِيهِ الأَعْمَالُ وَأَمَّا الأَرْبِعَاءُ فَيَوْمٌ خُلِقَتْ فِيهِ النَّارُ وَأَمَّا الصَّوْمُ فَجُنَّةٌ مِنَ النَّارِ.


11. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam Harun ibn Muslim, from al-Ahwal from, ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that someone asked the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, about fasting on two Thursdays between which there is a Wednesday. He answered, ‘The two Thursdays are those during which deeds are presented for accounting. Wednesday is when hellfire was created, and fasting is a shield against the fire.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/258)



12ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ إِنَّمَا يُصَامُ يَوْمُ الأَرْبِعَاءِ لأَنَّهُ لَمْ تُعَذَّبْ أُمَّةٌ فِيمَا مَضَى إِلاَّ فِي يَوْمِ الأَرْبِعَاءِ وَسَطِ الشَّهْرِ فَيُسْتَحَبُّ أَنْ يُصَامَ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمُ.


12. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa ibn ‘Ubayd from Yunus from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that there is fasting on Wednesday because for all nations upon which torment descended, it occurred on a Wednesday in the middle of the month. It is desirable to fast on that day.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق على الظه ر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/259)



13ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِمْرَانَ عَنْ زِيَادٍ الْقَنْدِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِذَا كَانَ فِي أَوَّلِ الشَّهْرِ خَمِيسَانِ فَصُمْ أَوَّلَهُمَا فَإِنَّهُ أَفْضَلُ وَإِذَا كَانَ فِي آخِرِ الشَّهْرِ خَمِيسَانِ فَصُمْ آخِرَهُمَا فَإِنَّهُ أَفْضَلُ.


13. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Imran from Ziyad al-Qandiy from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to me, ‘If there are two Thursdays in the beginning of a month, it is better to fast the first one. If two Thursdays come at the end of a month, it is better to fast the last Thursday.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/259)