14. Breakfast before Dawn

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ شُعَيْبٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ السَّحُورِ لِمَنْ أَرَادَ الصَّوْمَ أَ وَاجِبٌ هُوَ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ لا يَتَسَحَّرَ إِنْ شَاءَ وَأَمَّا فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَإِنَّهُ أَفْضَلُ أَنْ يَتَسَحَّرَ نُحِبُّ أَنْ لا يُتْرَكَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Shu’ayb from abu Basir who has said the following: “I asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about breakfast before dawn, in the case of one who likes to fast whether it is obligatory or not. The Imam replied, ‘It is fine if one likes not to have breakfast before dawn. However, in the month of Ramadan, it is better. We love not to ignore it in the month of Ramadan.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/259)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ أَخِيهِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ زُرْعَةَ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ السَّحُورِ لِمَنْ أَرَادَ الصَّوْمَ فَقَالَ أَمَّا فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَإِنَّ الْفَضْلَ فِي السَّحُورِ وَلَوْ بِشَرْبَةٍ مِنْ مَاءٍ وَأَمَّا فِي التَّطَوُّعِ فَمَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يَتَسَحَّرَ فَلْيَفْعَلْ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَفْعَلْ فَلا بَأْسَ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa’id from his brother al-Hassan, from Zur‘ah from Sama‘ah in a muzmar manner who has said the following: “I asked him, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about breakfast before dawn in the case of one who wants to fast. He replied, Tn the month of Ramadan, it is better even with one sip of water. In an optional fast, one may or may not take breakfast before dawn as he likes.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/260)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ آبَائِهِ (عَلَيْهِم السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) السَّحُورُ بَرَكَةٌ قَالَ وَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لا تَدَعُ أُمَّتِيَ السَّحُورَ وَلَوْ عَلَى حَشَفَةٍ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from, his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy, who has said the following: “Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, from his ancestors, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, who have narrated that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ’Breakfast before dawn is a blessing.’ The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘My followers should not ignore breakfast before dawn, even if it is a piece of date.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/260)