41. Providing Water for Drinking

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِ أَوَّلُ مَا يُبْدَأُ بِهِ فِي الآخِرَةِ صَدَقَةُ الْمَاءِ يَعْنِي فِي الأَجْرِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Talhah ibn Zayd who has said the following: “ Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The first charity for which one will be rewarded in the next life is providing water for drinking. ‘“


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/188)



2ـ مُحَمَّدٌ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مِسْمَعٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ أَفْضَلُ الصَّدَقَةِ إِبْرَادُ كَبِدٍ حَرَّى.


2. Muhammad has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Misma’ who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the best charity is cooling off a thirsty liver.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/188)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ سَقَى الْمَاءَ فِي مَوْضِعٍ يُوجَدُ فِيهِ الْمَاءُ كَانَ كَمَنْ أَعْتَقَ رَقَبَةً وَمَنْ سَقَى الْمَاءَ فِي مَوْضِعٍ لا يُوجَدُ فِيهِ الْمَاءُ كَانَ كَمَنْ أَحْيَا نَفْساً وَمَنْ أَحْيَا نَفْساً فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعاً.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that if one provides water for a thirsty person and there is water available, his reward is equal to the reward of setting free of a slave. If there is no other water available, its reward is then equal to the reward of saving a life, and the reward for one who saves a life is like saving all people’s lives.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/189)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَدِيدٍ عَنْ مُرَازِمٍ عَنْ مُصَادِفٍ قَالَ كُنْتُ مَعَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) بَيْنَ مَكَّةَ وَالْمَدِينَةِ فَمَرَرْنَا عَلَى رَجُلٍ فِي أَصْلِ شَجَرَةٍ وَقَدْ أَلْقَى بِنَفْسِهِ فَقَالَ مِلْ بِنَا إِلَى هَذَا الرَّجُلِ فَإِنِّي أَخَافُ أَنْ يَكُونَ قَدْ أَصَابَهُ عَطَشٌ فَمِلْنَا فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْفَرَاسِينَ طَوِيلُ الشَّعْرِ فَسَأَلَهُ أَ عَطْشَانُ أَنْتَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَقَالَ لِي انْزِلْ يَا مُصَادِفُ فَاسْقِهِ فَنَزَلْتُ وَسَقَيْتُهُ ثُمَّ رَكِبْتُ وَسِرْنَا فَقُلْتُ هَذَا نَصْرَانِيٌّ فَتَتَصَدَّقُ عَلَى نَصْرَانِيٍّ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ إِذَا كَانُوا فِي مِثْلِ هَذَا الْحَالِ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn Hadid from Murazim from Musadif who has said the following: “Once abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and I were between Makkah and al-Madinah. We passed by a man who had thrown himself near the trunk of a tree. He (the Imam) said, ‘Allow us to see this man. I am afraid he is thirsty . 5 We went to him. He was a man from the Farasin (a certain people) and had long hairs. He (the Imam) asked, ‘Are you thirsty ? 5 He replied, ‘Yes, I am thirsty . 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘O Musadif, dismount and give him water . 5 I went and gave him water. Then we left and I said, ‘He is a Christian man. Do you give charity to a Christian man ? 5 He (the Imam) replied, ‘Yes, I give them charity if they are found in that condition. ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/189)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ أَبِي الْبِلادِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ جَاءَ أَعْرَابِيٌّ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَ عَلِّمْنِي عَمَلاً أَدْخُلُ بِهِ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَالَ أَطْعِمِ الطَّعَامَ وَأَفْشِ السَّلامَ قَالَ فَقَالَ لا أُطِيقُ ذَلِكَ قَالَ فَهَلْ لَكَ إِبِلٌ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَانْظُرْ بَعِيراً وَاسْقِ عَلَيْهِ أَهْلَ بَيْتٍ لا يَشْرَبُونَ الْمَاءَ إِلاَّ غِبّاً فَلَعَلَّهُ لا يَنْفُقُ بَعِيرُكَ وَلا يَنْخَرِقُ سِقَاؤُكَ حَتَّى تَجِبَ لَكَ الْجَنَّةُ.


5. Ali ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah has narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from Yahya ibn Ibrahim ibn abu al-Balad from his father from his grandfather who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that once an Arab man came to the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, and said, ‘Teach me a good deed whereby I can go to Paradise . 5 He (the Holy Prophet) said, ‘Serve food and offer greetings of peace aloud . 5 He (the Imam) has said that the man then said, ‘I cannot afford this . 5 He (the Holy Prophet) asked, ‘Do you have a camel ? 5 The man replied, ‘Yes, I have a camel . 5 He (the Holy Prophet) then said, ‘Prepare your camel and provide water for a family who need water only every other day. This will not destroy your camel or damage your water container before your going to Paradise becomes necessary. ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/189)



6ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ ضُرَيْسِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى يُحِبُّ إِبْرَادَ الْكَبِدِ الْحَرَّى وَمَنْ سَقَى كَبِداً حَرَّى مِنْ بَهِيمَةٍ أَوْ غَيْرِهَا أَظَلَّهُ الله يَوْمَ لا ظِلَّ إِلاَّ ظِلُّهُ.


6. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from Durays ibn ‘Abd al-Malik who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, the most Blessed, the most High, loves cooling off a thirsty liver. Whoever cools off a thirsty liver of an animal or others, Allah on the Day of Judgment provides him a shadow when there is no shadow except His shadow.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/189)