31. Waiving a Loan in Favor of a Dead Person

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ خُنَيْسٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّ لِعَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ سَيَابَةَ دَيْناً عَلَى رَجُلٍ قَدْ مَاتَ وَقَدْ كَلَّمْنَاهُ أَنْ يُحَلله فَأَبَى فَقَالَ وَيْحَهُ أَ مَا يَعْلَمُ أَنَّ لَهُ بِكُلِّ دِرْهَمٍ عَشَرَةً إِذَا حَلله فَإِذَا لَمْ يُحَلله فَإِنَّمَا لَهُ دِرْهَمٌ بَدَلَ دِرْهَمٍ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from af-Fadf ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ibrahim ibn ‘Abd al-Hamid from al-Hassan ibn Khunays who has said the following: “Once I said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘A man who died had borrowed (money) from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Sayabah, whom we asked to waive the loan in favor of the dead person, but he refused. He (the Imam) said, “Woe is upon him! Why does he not realize that for every dirham, he can receive the reward for ten dirhams, were he to waive it in favor of the dead person? In not waiving the loan in favor of the dead person, he can only receive the reward of one dirham for every dirham.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/165)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلاءِ عَنْ مُعَتِّبٍ قَالَ دَخَلَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بِشْرٍ الْوَشَّاءُ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَسْأَلُهُ أَنْ يُكَلِّمَ شِهَاباً أَنْ يُخَفِّفَ عَنْهُ حَتَّى يَنْقَضِيَ الْمَوْسِمُ وَكَانَ لَهُ عَلَيْهِ أَلْفُ دِينَارٍ فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَيْهِ فَأَتَاهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ قَدْ عَرَفْتَ حَالَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَانْقِطَاعَهُ إِلَيْنَا وَقَدْ ذَكَرَ أَنَّ لَكَ عَلَيْهِ أَلْفَ دِينَارٍ لَمْ تَذْهَبْ فِي بَطْنٍ وَلا فَرْجٍ وَإِنَّمَا ذَهَبَتْ دَيْناً عَلَى الرِّجَالِ وَوَضَائِعَ وَضَعَهَا وَأَنَا أُحِبُّ أَنْ تَجْعَلَهُ فِي حِلٍّ فَقَالَ لَعَلَّكَ مِمَّنْ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ يُقْبَضُ مِنْ حَسَنَاتِهِ فَتُعْطَاهَا فَقَالَ كَذَلِكَ فِي أَيْدِينَا فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الله أَكْرَمُ وَأَعْدَلُ مِنْ أَنْ يَتَقَرَّبَ إِلَيْهِ عَبْدُهُ فَيَقُومَ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الْقَرَّةِ أَوْ يَصُومَ فِي الْيَوْمِ الْحَارِّ أَوْ يَطُوفَ بِهَذَا الْبَيْتِ ثُمَّ يَسْلُبُهُ ذَلِكَ فَيُعْطَاهُ وَلَكِنْ لله فَضْلٌ كَثِيرٌ يُكَافِي الْمُؤْمِنَ فَقَالَ فَهُوَ فِي حِلٍّ.


2. Ali ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from those whom he his mentioned (in his book) from al-Walid ibn abu a I - ‘ A I a ’ from Mu’attib who has said the following: “Once Muhammad ibn Bishr al-Washsha’ came to visit abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asking the Imam to speak to Shihab to relieve him of repayment of a loan until the end of the time for Hajj. He owed him one thousand dinars. The Imam sent someone to call him. He (Shihab) came and the Imam said to him, ‘As you know Muhammad’s condition, he has cut off his association with others to keep himself close to us. He has mentioned he owes you one thousand dinars. These (dinars) are not consumed or spent on marriage. They are payable as loan to men. I wish you to waive it in his favor.’ He (Imam) then said, ‘You perhaps think that He will take from his (borrower’s) good deeds and give it to you.’ He (Shihab) said, ‘That is what we are told would happen.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, then said, ‘Allah is most Honorable and Just. How would He take away the good deeds of one of His servants who stands up for worship on cold nights, fasts on hot days, and walks seven times around the house (Ka‘bah), and give it away to another? In fact, Allah has a great deal of extra blessings to compensate a believing person.’ He (Shihab) said, ‘He is free (I waive the loan in his favor).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/165)