32. The Cost of Maintenance of Wealth

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الْفَرَّاءِ مَوْلَى طِرْبَالٍ عَنْ حَدِيدِ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ عَظُمَتْ نِعْمَةُ الله عَلَيْهِ اشْتَدَّتْ مَئُونَةُ النَّاسِ عَلَيْهِ فَاسْتَدِيمُوا النِّعْمَةَ بِاحْتِمَالِ الْمَئُونَةِ وَلا تُعَرِّضُوهَا لِلزَّوَالِ فَقَلَّ مَنْ زَالَتْ عَنْهُ النِّعْمَةُ فَكَادَتْ أَنْ تَعُودَ إِلَيْهِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sulayman al-Farra’, Mawla Tirbal from Hadid ibn Hakim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when one’s realization of the bounties of Allah becomes intense, it increases his spending for people. You should continue preserving bounties by means of bearing the cost of maintenance. Do not expose bounties to losses. Once bounties are lost, very rarely do they return.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/166)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْقَاسَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْمَدَنِيِّ مَوْلَى بَنِي هَاشِمٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ تَظَاهَرَتْ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الله نِعْمَةٌ إِلاَّ اشْتَدَّتْ مَئُونَةُ النَّاسِ عَلَيْهِ فَمَنْ لَمْ يَقُمْ لِلنَّاسِ بِحَوَائِجِهِمْ فَقَدْ عَرَّضَ النِّعْمَةَ لِلزَّوَالِ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ وَمَنْ يَقْدِرُ أَنْ يَقُومَ لِهَذَا الْخَلْقِ بِحَوَائِجِهِمْ فَقَالَ إِنَّمَا النَّاسُ فِي هَذَا الْمَوْضِعِ وَالله الْمُؤْمِنُونَ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Ali ibn Muhammad al-Qasaniy from abu Ayyub al-Madaniy, Mawla banu Hashim from Dawud ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad al-Ja’fariy from Ibrahim ibn Muhammad who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Whoever finds himself with an abundance of Allah’s bounties, increases his spending for people. One who does not help people exposes the bounties to losses.’ I (the narrator) said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause. Who can spend to help all these creatures?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The people there, by Allah, are the believing people.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/166)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ تَغْلِبَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لِحُسَيْنٍ الصَّحَّافِ يَا حُسَيْنُ مَا ظَاهَرَ الله عَلَى عَبْدٍ النِّعَمَ حَتَّى ظَاهَرَ عَلَيْهِ مَئُونَةَ النَّاسِ فَمَنْ صَبَرَ لَهُمْ وَقَامَ بِشَأْنِهِمْ زَادَهُ الله فِي نِعَمِهِ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَهُمْ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَصْبِرْ لَهُمْ وَلَمْ يَقُمْ بِشَأْنِهِمْ أَزَالَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَنْهُ تِلْكَ النِّعْمَةَ.


3. Ali ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah has narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from Sa‘dan ibn Muslim from Aban ibn Taghlib who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to Husayn al-Sahhaf, ‘O Husayn, whenever Allah grants abundant bounties to a person, his spending for people also increases. If one remains patient for spending on people, Allah increases the bounties for him before people. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, removes the bounties from one who does not remain patient for spending on people’s affairs.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/166)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مَسْعَدَةَ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ عَظُمَتْ عَلَيْهِ النِّعْمَةُ اشْتَدَّتْ مَئُونَةُ النَّاسِ عَلَيْهِ فَإِنْ هُوَ قَامَ بِمَئُونَتِهِمْ اجْتَلَبَ زِيَادَةَ النِّعْمَةِ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الله وَإِنْ لَمْ يَفْعَلْ فَقَدْ عَرَّضَ النِّعْمَةَ لِزَوَالِهَا.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Harun ibn Muslim from Mas’adah ibn Sadaqah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that one who finds himself with abundant bounties, he increases his spending to help people also. If he continues spending for them, the bounties increase by the will of Allah, but if he does not, he exposes the bounties to loss.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/166)