Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the Father of Sand
Hadith #1

[أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن خالد البرقي، عن أبي قتادة القمي رفعه إلى أبي عبد الله عليه السلام و] حدثنا أحمد بن الحسن القطان العدل، قال: حدثنا أبو العباس أحمد بن يحيى بن زكريا القطان، قال: حدثنا بكر بن عبد الله بن حبيب، قال: حدثنا تميم بن بهلول، عن أبيه، قال: حدثنا أبو الحسن العبدي، عن سليمان بن مهران، عن عباية بن ربعي، قال: قلت: لعبد الله بن العباس لم كنى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله عليا عليه السلام أبا تراب؟ قال: لأنه صاحب الأرض، وحجة الله على أهلها بعده، وبه بقاؤها وإليه سكونها، ولقد سمعت رسول الله عليه وآله يقول: إذا كان يوم القيامة ورأي الكافر ما أعد الله تبارك وتعالى لشيعة علي من الثواب والزلفى والكرامة قال: يا ليتني كنت ترابا. أي يا ليتني كنت من شيعة علي. وذلك قول الله عز وجل: " ويقول الكافر يا ليتني كنت ترابا ".

1. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Ali bin Ibrahim bin Hashim, from his father, from Muhammed bin Khalid al-Barqi, from Abu Qutada al-Qummi, that he ascribed to Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him. Also, we were told by Ahmad bin Hasan al-Qattan al-‘Adl, that he said: We were told by Abu’l-Abbas, Ahmad bin Yahya bin Zakariya al-Qattan, that he said: We were told by Bikr bin Abdullah bin Habib, that he said: We were told by Tamim bin Buhlul, from his father, that he said: We were told by Abu’l-Hasan al-‘Abdi, from Sulayman bin Mahran, from ‘Abaya bin Rab’I, that he said: I said to Abdullah bin Abbas: Why did the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, nickname Ali, peace be upon him, as the Father of Sand [1]? He said: Because is the Master of Earth, the Proof of Allah upon its people after him, by him is its remaining, and to him it is to keep it calm. I have, verily, heard Allah’s Messenger, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, say: When the Day of Resurrection will be and the disbeliever sees what Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, has prepared for the Shi’a of Ali of rewards, nearness and dignity, he will say: I wish that I was sand. Meaning: I wish that I was from the Shi’a of Ali. That is the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «And the disbeliever says: I wish that I was sand.» (78:40)