Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of Ramadhan
Hadith #1

حدثنا أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن أحمد بن محمد بن أبي نصر، عن هشام بن سالم، عن سعد، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: كنا عنده ثمانية رجال فذكرنا رمضان، فقال: لا تقولوا: هذا رمضان، ولا ذهب رمضان، ولا جاء رمضان. فإن رمضان اسم من أسماء الله عز وجل لا يجيئ ولا يذهب و إنما يجيئ ويذهب الزائل ولكن قولوا: شهر ومضان فالشهر المضاف إلى الاسم والاسم اسم الله وهو الشهر الذي انزل فيه القرآن جعله الله تعالى مثلا وعيدا.

1. We were told by my father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Isa, from Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Abi Nasr, from Hisham bin Salem, from Sa’d, from Abu Ja’far, peace be upon him, that he said: We were eight men at his place, and he mentioned Ramadhan. He said: Do not say: «This is Ramadhan» nor «Ramadhan has gone» nor «Ramadhan has come». Indeed, Ramadhan is a Name from the Names of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He. He does not come, nor go away, but it is only that which is to perish that comes and goes. However, say: «The Month of Ramadhan» for a month is that which is added to the name, and the name is the Name of Allah, and that is the month in which the Qur’an was sent down, and whom Allah, Exalted is He, made a promising example.

Hadith #2

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، ومحمد بن الحسين عن محمد بن يحيى الخثعمي، عن غياث بن إبراهيم، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام، عن أبيه، عن جده عليهما السلام، قال: قال علي صلوات الله عليه: لا تقولوا: رمضان ولكن قولوا: شهر رمضان فإنكم لا تدرون ما رمضان.

2. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Muhammed bin Yahya, from Ahmad bin Muhammed, and Muhammed bin Hussain, from Muhammed bin Yahya al-Khath’ami, from Ghiyath bin Ibrahim, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, from his father, from his grandfather, peace be upon them both, that he said: Ali, Allah’s blessings be upon him, said: Do not say: «Ramadhan», however, say: «the Month of Ramadhan», for indeed, you do not know what Ramadhan is.