Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of ranks, expiations, noxious things and saving things
Hadith #1

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن محمد بن خالد البرقي، عن هارون ابن الجهم، عن المفضل بن صالح، عن سعد الإسكاف، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: ثلاث درجات، وثلاث كفارات، وثلاث موبقات ، وثلاث منجيات. فأما الدرجات فإفشاء السلام وإطعام الطعام، والصلاة بالليل والناس نيام. وأما الكفارات فإسباغ الوضوء في السبرات، والمشي بالليل والنهار إلى الجماعات، والمحافظة على الصلوات. وأما الموبقات فشح مطاع، وهوى متبع، وإعجاب المرء بنفسه. وأما المنجيات فخوف الله في السر والعلانية، والقصد في الغنى والفقر، وكلمة العدل في الرضا والسخط.

1. We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan bin Ahmad bin Waleed, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan al-Saffar, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Isa, from Muhammed bin Khalid al-Barqi, from Harun ibn Jahm, from Mufaddal bin Saleh, from Sa’d al-Iskafi, from Abu Ja’far, peace be upon him, that he said: There are three ranks, three expiations, three noxious things and three saving things. As for the ranks, they are to spread peace, to feed with food and to pray at night while people are asleep. As for the expiations, they are to properly perform Wudu during cold mornings, to walk during night and day to congregations and to maintain prayers. As for the noxious things, they are to obey avarice, follow desire and an individual’s admiration of himself. As for the saving things, they are to fear Allah in secret and public, to be economic during wealth and poverty and to say the word of justice during satisfaction and anger.