Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the names of Muhammed, Ali, Fatima, Hasan, Hussain and the Imams, peace be upon them
Hadith #1

حدثني أبي - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثني سعد بن عبد الله، عن القاسم بن محمد الأصبهاني، عن سليمان بن داود المنقري، عن حفص بن غياث النخعي القاضي، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: جاء إبليس إلى موسى بن عمران عليه السلام وهو يناجي ربه، فقال له ملك من الملائكة: ما ترجو منه وهو على هذه الحال يناجي ربه؟ فقال: أرجو منه ما رجوت من أبيه آدم وهو في الجنة. وكان فيما ناجاه أن قال له: يا موسى لا أقبل الصلاة إلا لمن تواضع لعظمتي، وألزم قلبه خوفي، وقطع نهاره بذكري، ولم يبت مصرا على الخطيئة، وعرف حق أوليائي وأحبائي. فقال: يا رب تعني بأحبائك وأوليائك إبراهيم وإسحاق ويعقوب، فقال: هم كذلك يا موسى، إلا أني أردت من من أجله خلقت آدم وحواء ومن من أجله خلقت الجنة والنار. فقال موسى: ومن هو يا رب؟ فقال: محمد أحمد شققت اسمه من اسمي لأني أنا المحمود. فقال موسى: يا رب اجعلني من أمته. قال: أنت يا موسى من أمته إذا عرفته وعرفت منزلته ومنزلة أهل بيته، إن مثله ومثل أهل بيته و من خلقت كمثل الفردوس في الجنان، لا ييبس ورقها، ولا يتغير طعمها، فمن عرفهم و عرف حقهم جعلت له عند الجهل حلما، وعند الظلم نورا، وأجيبه قبل أن يدعوني وأعطيه قبل أن يسألني. والحديث طويل أخذنا منه موضع الحاجة.

1. I was told by my father, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: I was told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Qasim bin Muhammed al-Esbahani, from Sulayman bin Dawud al-Manqari, from Hafs bin Ghiyath al-Nakha’I, the Judge, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: Iblees came to Musa bin Imran, peace be upon him, while he was conversing with his Lord, and then an Angel from the Angels said to him: What do you seek from him while he is in this condition, conversing with his Lord? Then he said: I seek from him what I sought from his father, Adam, when he was in the Garden. Among what He conversed to him was that He said to him: O Musa, I do not accept the prayer except for he who humbled to My Greatness, constraints his heart to fear Me, covers his day with My remembrance, does not settle a night whilst insisting on intentional mistake and knows the truth of My Allies and Beloved. Then he said: O Lord, do you mean by Your Beloved and Allies, Ibrahim, Ishaq and Ya’qoub? He said: They are as such, O Musa, however, I intended he because of whom I created Adam and Hawwa’, and he because of whom I created Paradise and the Fire. Then Musa said: And who is he, O Lord? He said: Muhammed, Ahmad, I derived his name from My Name, because I am the Praised . Then Musa said: O Lord, make me among his nation. He said: You are, O Musa, from his nation if you know him, know his rank and the rank of his Household. Indeed, the example of him and the example of his Household and that which I have created, is like the example of Firdaus in the Gardens, whose trees never dry, nor does its taste change. Hence, those who know them and know their truth, I will make for him at the occasion of ignorance, forbearance, and at the occasion of darkness, a light, and I will respond to him before he calls unto Me and I will give him before he asks Me. The narration is long, we took from it the place of need.



Hadith #2

حدثنا أحمد بن الحسن القطان، قال: حدثنا الحسن بن علي بن الحسين السكري، قال: حدثنا محمد بن زكريا الجوهري الغلابي البصري، قال: حدثنا جعفر ابن محمد بن عمار [ة]، عن أبيه، عن جابر بن يزيد الجعفي، عن جابر بن عبد الله الأنصاري، قال: سئل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله أين كنت وآدم في الجنة قال: كنت في صلبه وهبط بي إلى الأرض في صلبه، وركبت السفينة في صلب أبي نوح، وقذف بي في النار في صلب إبراهيم، لم يلتق لي أبوان على سفاح قط، لم يزل الله عز وجل ينقلني من الأصلاب الطيبة إلى الأرحام الطاهرة [المطهرة] هاديا مهديا، حتى أخذ الله بالنبوة عهدي، وبالإسلام ميثاقي، وبين كل شئ من صفتي، وأثبت في التوراة والإنجيل ذكري، ورقى بي إلى سمائه ، وشق لي اسما من أسمائه، أمتي الحامدون وذو العرش محمود وأنا محمد. وقد روي هذا الحديث من طرق كثيرة.

2. We were told by Ahmad bin Hasan al-Qattan, that he said: We were told by Hasan bin Ali bin Hussain al-Sukkari, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Zakariya al-Jawhari al-Ghulabi al-Basri, that he said: We were told by Ja’far ibn Muhammed bin ‘Umara, from his father, from Jabir bin Yazid al-Ju’fi, from Jabir bin Abdullah al-Ansari, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, was asked: Where were you when Adam was in the Garden? He said: I was in his backbone, and I was descended to earth whilst in his backbone, and I rode the ship whilst in the backbone of Nuh, and I was thrown into the fire whilst in the backbone of Ibrahim. Never did two parents meet in fornication. Allah, Exalted and Glorious, did not cease but moving me from the good backbones into the pure, purified, wombs, a guided guide, until Allah took Prophethood into my oath, Islam as my covenant, clarified everything of my characteristic, established my mentioning in the Tawrat and the Injeel, ascended me to His Heaven and derived for me a name from His Names. My nation are the praisers , the One with the Throne is the Praised and I am Muhammed. This narration has been narrated in many ways of transmission.



Hadith #3

حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن الهيثم العجلي، قال: حدثنا أبو العباس أحمد بن يحيى بن زكريا القطان، قال: حدثنا بكر بن عبد الله بن حبيب، قال: حدثنا أبو محمد تميم بن بهلول، عن أبيه، عن عبد الله بن الفضل الهاشمي، عن جعفر بن محمد، عن أبيه، عن جده عليهم السلام قال: كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ذات يوم جالسا وعنده علي وفاطمة والحسن والحسين عليهم السلام، فقال: والذي بعثني بالحق بشيرا، ما على وجه الأرض خلق أحب إلى الله عز وجل ولا أكرم عليه منا، إن الله تبارك وتعالى شق لي اسما من أسمائه، فهو محمود وأنا محمد، وشق لك يا علي اسما من أسمائه، فهو العلي الأعلى وأنت علي، وشق لك يا حسن اسما من أسمائه، فهو المحسن وأنت حسن وشق لك يا حسين اسما من أسمائه فهو ذو الاحسان وأنت حسين، وشق لك يا فاطمة اسما من أسمائه فهو الفاطر وأنت فاطمة. ثم قال صلى الله عليه وآله: اللهم إني أشهدك أني سلم لمن سالمهم، وحرب لمن حاربهم، ومحب لمن أحبهم، ومبغض لمن أبغضهم، وعدو لمن عاداهم، وولي لمن والاهم، لأنهم مني وأنا منهم.

3. We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Haitham al-‘Ajali, that he said: We were told by Abu’l-Abbas, Ahmad bin Yahya bin Zakariya al-Qattan, that he said: We were told by Bikr bin Abdullah bin Habib, that he said: We were told by Abu Muhammed, Tamim bin Buhlul, from his father, from Abdullah bin Fadl al-Hashimi, from Ja’far bin Muhammed, from his father, from his grandfather, peace be upon them, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him, was, on a day, sitting and with him were Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Hussain, peace be upon them. Then he said: By He who sent me with the truth as a bearer of glad tidings, there is not on the face of earth any creation more beloved to Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, nor more honored for him, than us. Indeed, Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, derived for me a name from His Names, and hence, He is the Praised and I am Muhammed. He derived for you, O Ali, a name from His Names, and hence, He is the High , the Most Subleme , and you are Ali. He derived for you, O Hasan, a name from His Names, and hence, He is the Beneficent and you are Hasan. He derived for you, O Hussain, a name from His Names, and hence, He is the One of Good Deeds , and you are Hussain. He derived for you, O Fatima, a name from His Names, and hence, he is the Splitter and you are Fatima. Then he, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: O Allah, I bear You as a witness that I am at peace with those who are at peace with them, at war with those who are at war with them, a hater of those who hate them, an enemy of those who antagonize them and an ally of those who befriend them, because they are from me and I am from them.



Hadith #4

حدثنا أبو نصر أحمد بن الحسين بن أحمد بن عبيد النيسابوري المرواني بنيسابور وما لقيت [أحدا] أنصب منه، قال: حدثنا محمد بن إسحاق بن إبراهيمبن مهران السراج، قال: حدثنا الحسن بن عرفة العبدي، قال: حدثنا وكيع بن الجراح، عن محمد بن إسرائيل، عن أبي صالح، عن أبي ذر - رضي الله عنه - قال: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وهو يقول: خلقت أنا وعلي من نور واحد نسبح الله يمنة العرش قبل أن خلق آدم بألفي عام، فلما أن خلق الله آدم جعل ذلك النور في صلبه ولقد سكن الجنة ونحن في صلبه، ولقد هم بالخطيئة ونحن في صلبه، ولقد ركب النوح السفينة ونحن في صلبه، ولقد قذف بإبراهيم في النار ونحن في صلبه، فلم يزل ينقلنا الله عز وجل من أصلاب طاهرة إلى أرحام طاهرة حتى انتهى بنا إلى عبد المطلب، فقسمنا بنصفين فجعلني في صلب عبد الله و جعل عليا في صلب أبي طالب وجعل في النبوة والبركة، وجعل في علي الفصاحة والفروسية وشق لنا اسمين من أسمائه فذو العرش محمود وأنا محمد، والله الأعلى وهذا علي.

4. We were told by Abu Nasr, Ahmad bin Hussain bin Ahmad bin Ubaid al-Naisabouri al-Marwani, in Nishapur – and I did not find anyone more hostile than him – that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Ishaq bin Ibrahim bin Mahran al-Sarraj, that he said: We were told by Hasan bin ‘Arafa al-‘Abdi, that he said: We were told by Wakee’ bin Jarrah, from Muhammed bin Isra’eel, from Abu Saleh, from Abu Dharr, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, whilst he was saying: I and Ali were created from one Light, we were glorifying Allah at the Right of the Throne before Adam was created with two thousand years. When Allah created Adam, He made that Light into his backbone, and he resided in the Garden whilst we were in his backbone, and he intended to perform the intentional mistake whilst we were in his backbone, and Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, did not cease moving us from pure backbones into pure wombs until He ended us up at Abdul-Muttalib, and so He divided us into two halfs, and He made into the backbone of Abdullah and made Ali into the backbone of Abu Talib, and He made in me the Prophethood and Blessing, and in Ali the Fluentness and Knighthood. He derived for us two names from His Names, and hence, the One with the Throne is the Praised and I am Muhammed, and Allah is the Most Subleme and this is Ali.



Hadith #5

حدثنا الحسن بن محمد بن سعيد الهاشمي الكوفي، قال: حدثنا فرات بن إبراهيم الكوفي، قال: حدثنا الحسن بن [علي بن] الحسين بن محمد، قال: حدثنا إبراهيم بن الفضل بن جعفر بن علي بن إبراهيم بن سليمان بن عبد الله بن العباس، قال: حدثنا الحسن ابن علي الزعفراني البصري، قال: حدثنا سهل بن بشار، قال: حدثنا أبو جعفر محمد بن علي الطالقاني، قال: حدثنا محمد بن عبد الله مولى بني هاشم، عن محمد بن إسحاق، عن الواقدي، عن الهذيل ، عن مكحول، عن طاووس، عن ابن مسعود، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآلهلعلي بن أبي طالب عليه السلام: لما خلق الله - عز وجل ذكره - آدم ونفخ فيه من روحه وأسجد له ملائكته، وأسكنه جنته، وزوجه حواء أمته، فرفع طرفه نحو العرش فإذا هو بخمسة سطور مكتوبات. قال آدم: يا رب من هؤلاء؟ قال الله عز وجل له: هؤلاء الذين إذا تشفع بهم إلي خلقي شفعتهم. فقال آدم: يا رب بقدرهم عندك ما اسمهم؟ قال تعالى: أما الأول فأنا المحمود وهو محمد، والثاني فأنا العالي وهو علي، والثالث فأنا الفاطر وهي فاطمة، والرابع فأنا المحسن وهو الحسن، والخامس فأنا ذو الاحسان وهو الحسين، كل يحمد الله عز وجل.

5. We were told by Hasan bin Muhammed bin Sa’eed al-Hashimi al-Kufi, that he said: We were told by Furat bin Ibrahim al-Kufi, that he said: We were told by Hasan bin Ali bin Hussain bin Muhammed, that he said: We were told by Ibrahim bin Fadl bin Ja’far bin Ali bin Ibrahim bin Sulayman bin Abdullah bin Abbas, that he said: We were told by Hasan ibn Ali al-Za’farani al-Basri, that he said: We were told by Sahl bin Bashhar, that he said: We were told by Abu Ja’far, Muhammed bin Ali al-Talaqani, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Abdullah, the servant of the sons of Hashim, from Muhammed bin Ishaq, from Waqidi, from Hudhail, from Makhul, from Tawus, from Ibn Mas’ud, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said to Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be upon him: When Allah, Exalted and Glorious be His remembrance, created Adam and blew into him from His Spirit, made the Angels prostrate to him, resided him in His Garden and married him Hawwa’, his woman, and raised his look towards the Throne, and there were five lines written. Adam said: O Lord, who are these? Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, said to him: Those whom if My creation intercede with, I would intercede for them. Then Adam said: O Lord, by their position to You, what is their name? He, Exalted is He, said: As for the first, I am the Praised and he is Muhammed, and for the second, I am the High and he is Ali, and for the third, I am the Splitter and she is Fatima, and for the fourth, I am the Beneficent and he is Hasan, and for the fifth, I am the One with Good Deeds and he is Hussain. All of them were praising Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He.



Hadith #6

حدثنا أحمد بن الحسن القطان، قال: حدثنا الحسن بن علي السكري، قال: حدثنا محمد بن زكريا الجوهري، قال: حدثنا العباس بن بكار، قال: حدثنا عباد بن كثير وأبو بكر الهذيلي، عن أبي الزبير، عن جابر، قال: لما حملت فاطمة عليها السلام بالحسن فولدت وقد كان النبي صلى الله عليه وآله أمرهم أن يلفوه في خرقة بيضاء فلفوه في صفراء وقالت فاطمة عليها السلام: يا علي سمه، فقال: ما كنت لأسبق باسمه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فجاء النبي صلى الله عليه وآلهفأخذه وقبله وأدخل لسانه في فيه، فجعل الحسن عليه السلام يمصه، ثم قال لهم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: ألم أتقدم إليكم أن تلفوه في خرقة بيضاء؟ فدعا بخرقة بيضاء فلفه فيها ورمى بالصفراء، وأذن في أذنه اليمنى، وأقام في اليسرى، ثم قال لعلي عليه السلام: ما سميته؟ فقال: ما كنت لأسبقك باسمه، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: ما كنت لأسبق ربي باسمه، فأوحى الله جل. ذكره إلى جبرئيل عليه السلام أنه قد ولد لمحمد ابن فاهبط إليه فأقرئه مني السلام وهنئه مني ومنك، وقل له: إن عليا منك بمنزلة هارون من موسى فسمه باسم ابن هارون. فأتى جبرئيل النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وهنأه وقال له [ك‍] ما أمره الله تعالى به أن يسمي ابنه باسم ابن هارون، قال: وما كان اسمه؟ قال: شبر. قال: لساني عربي، قال: سمه الحسن، فسماه الحسن، فلما ولدت الحسين عليه السلامجاء إليهم النبي صلى الله عليه وآله ففعل به كما فعل بالحسن عليه السلام وهبط جبرئيل على النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فقال: إن الله - عز وجل ذكره - يقرئك السلام ويقول لك، إن عليا منك بمنزلة هارون من موسى فسمه باسم ابن هارون. قال: ما كان اسمه؟ قال: شبير، قال: لساني عربي، قال: سمه الحسين، فسماه الحسين.

6. We were told by Ahmad bin Hasan al-Qattan, that he said: We were told by Hasan bin Ali al-Sukkari, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Zakariya al-Jawhari, that he said: We were told by Abbas bin Bakkar, that he said: We were told by ‘Abbad bin Kathir and Abu Bakr al-Hudhayli, from Abu’l-Zubair, from Jabir, that he said: When Fatima, peace be upon her, was pregnant with Hasan and gave birth, and the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, had ordered them to wrap him in a white cloth, they wrapped him in a yellow one, and Fatima, peace be upon her, said: O Ali, name him. He said: I am not to to precede in naming him than the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family. Then the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, came, took him, kissed him and entered his tongue into his mouth, and Hasan, peace be upon him, began to suck on it. Then the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said to them: Did I not tell you in advance that you should wrap him in a white cloth? Then he requested a white cloth and wrapped him in it and threw the yellow one, recited the Adhan into his right ear, recited the Iqamah into his left, and then he said to Ali, peace be upon him: What did you name him? Then he said: I am not to precede you with regards to his name. Then the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: I am not to precede my Lord in naming him. Then Allah, Glorified be His remembrance, revealed to Jibra’eel, peace be upon him: It has been begotten to Muhammed a son, so descend to him and recite to him peace from Me, and congratulate him on behalf of Me and yourself, and say to him: Indeed, Ali is to you in the same position as Harun to Musa, so name him by the name of Harun’s son. Then Jibra’eel came to the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, and congratulated him and said to him like how Allah, Exalted is He, ordered him with regards to naming his son by the name of Harun’s son. He said: And what was his name? He said: Shabar. He said: My tongue is Arabic. He said: Name him Hasan. So he named him Hasan. Then, when she gave birth to Hussain, peace be upon him, the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, came to them and did with him as he did with Hasan, peace be upon him, and Jibra’eel descended unto the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, and said: Indeed, Allah, Exalted and Glorious be His remembrance, recites to you peace and says to you: Indeed, Ali is to you in the same position as Harun to Musa, so name him by the name of Harun’s son. He said: What was his name? He said: Shubayr. He said: My tongue is Arabic. He said: Name him Hussain. So he named him Hussain.



Hadith #7

حدثنا الحسن بن محمد بن يحيى العلوي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثني جدي قال: حدثنا داود بن القاسم، قال: أخبرنا عيسى، قال أخبرنا يوسف بن يعقوب، قال: حدثنا عنبسة، عن عمرو بن دينار، عن عكرمة، قال: لما ولدت فاطمة عليها السلام الحسن جاءت به إلى النبي فسماه حسنا فلما ولدت الحسين جاءت به إليه وقالت: يا رسول الله هذا أحسن من هذا فسماه حسينا.

7. We were told by Hasan bin Muhammed bin Yahya al-Alawi, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: I was told by my grandfather, that he said: We were told by Dawud bin Qasim, that he said: We were informed by Isa, that he said: We were informed by Yusuf bin Ya’qoub, that he said: We were told by ‘Anbasa, from Amru bin Dinar, from Ikrima, that he said: When Fatima, peace be upon her, gave birth to Hasan, she brought him to the Prophet and he named him Hasan, and when she gave birth to Hussain, she brought him to him and said: O Messenger of Allah, he is better than him. So he named him Hussain.



Hadith #8

حدثنا الحسين بن محمد بن يحيى العلوي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثني جدي قال: حدثني أحمد بن صالح التميمي، قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن عيسى، عن جعفر بن محمد عن أبيه عليهما السلام قال: أهدى جبرئيل عليه السلام إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله اسم الحسن بن علي في خرقة من حرير من ثياب الجنة واشتق اسم الحسين من الحسن عليهما السلام.

8. We were told by Hussain bin Muhammed bin Yahya al-Alawi, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: I was told by my grandfather, that he said: I was told by Ahmad bin Saleh al-Tamimi, that he said: We were told by Abdullah bin Isa, from Ja’far bin Muhammed, from his father, peace be upon them both, that he said: Jibra’eel, peace be upon him, gifted to the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, the name of Hasan bin Ali in a cloth of silk from the clothes of Paradise, and he derived the name of Hussain from Hasan, peace be upon them both.



Hadith #9

حدثنا أبو العباس محمد بن إبراهيم بن إسحاق الطالقاني - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا عبد العزيز بن يحيى الجلودي بالبصرة قال: حدثني المغيرة بن محمد، قال: حدثنا رجاء بن سلمة، عن عمرو بن شمر، عن جابر الجعفي، عن أبي جعفر محمد بن علي عليهما السلام قال: خطب أمير المؤمنين علي بن أبي طالب صلوات الله عليه بالكوفة بعد منصرفه من النهروان و بلغه أن معاوية يسبه ويلعنه ويقتل أصحابه، فقام خطيبا، فحمد الله وأثنى عليه، وصلى على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله، وذكر ما أنعم الله على نبيه وعليه، ثم قال: لولا آية في كتاب الله ما ذكرت ما أنا ذاكره في مقامي هذا، يقول الله عز وجل: " وأما بنعمة ربك فحدث " اللهم لك الحمد على نعمك التي لا تحصى، وفضلك الذي لا ينسى، يا أيها الناس إنه بلغني ما بلغني وإني أراني قد اقترب أجلي، وكأني بكم وقد جهلتم أمري، وإني تارك فيكم ما تركه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله كتاب الله وعترتي وهي عترة الهادي إلى النجاة خاتم الأنبياء، و سيد النجباء، والنبي المصطفى، يا أيها الناس لعلكم لا تسمعون قائلا يقول مثل قولي بعدي إلا مفتر، أنا أخو رسول الله، وابن عمه، وسيف نقمته، وعماد نصرته وبأسه وشدته، أنا رحى جهنم الدائرة، وأضراسها الطاحنة، أنا موتم البنين والبنات، أنا قابض الأرواح وبأس الله الذي لا يرده عن القوم المجرمين، أنا مجدل الابطال، وقاتل الفرسان، ومبير من كفر بالرحمن ، وصهر خير الأنام، أنا سيد الأوصياء ووصي خير الأنبياء، أنا باب مدينة العلم وخازن علم رسول الله ووارثه، وأنا زوج البتول سيده نساء العالمين فاطمة التقية النقية الزكية المبرة المهدية، حبيبة حبيب الله وخير بناته وسلالته وريحانة رسول الله، سبطاه خير الأسباط، وولداي خير الأولاد، هل أحد ينكر ما أقول؟ أين مسلموا أهل الكتاب؟ أنا اسمي في الإنجيل " اليا " وفي التوراة " برئ " وفي الزبور " أري " وعند الهند " كبكر " وعند الروم " بطريسا " وعند الفرس " جبتر " وعند الترك " بثير " وعند الزنج " حيتر " وعند الكهنة " بويئ " وعند الحبشة " بثريك " وعند أمي " حيدرة " وعند ظئري " ميمون " وعند العرب " علي " وعند الأرمن " فريق " وعن أبي " ظهير ". ألا وإني مخصوص في القرآن بأسماء، احذروا أن تغلبوا عليها فتضلوا في دينكم، يقول الله عز وجل: " إن الله مع الصادقين " أنا ذلك الصادق، وأنا المؤذن في الدنيا والآخرة، قال الله عز وجل: " فأذن مؤذن بينهم أن لعنة الله على الضالمين " أنا ذلك المؤذن، وقال: " وأذان من الله ورسوله " فأنا ذلك الاذان، وأنا المحسن، يقول الله عز وجل: " إن الله لمع المحسنين " وأنا ذو القلب، فيقول الله: " إن في ذلك لذكرى لمن كان له قلب " وأنا الذاكر، يقول الله عز وجل: " الذين يذكرون الله قياما وقعودا وعلى جنوبهم " ونحن أصحاب الأعراف أنا وعمي وأخي و ابن عمي. والله فالق الحب والنوى لا يلج النار لنا محب، ولا يدخل الجنة لنا مبغض، يقول الله عز وجل: " وعلى الأعراف رجال يعرفون كلا بسيماهم " وأنا الصهر، يقول الله عز وجل: " وهو الذي خلق من الماء بشرا فجعله نسبا وصهرا " وأنا الاذن الواعية، يقول الله عز وجل: " وتعيها اذن واعية " وأنا السلم لرسله يقول الله عز وجل: " ورجلا سلما لرجل " ومن ولدي مهدي هذه الأمة. ألا وقد جعلت محنتكم ببغضي يعرف المنافقون، وبمحبتي امتحن الله المؤمنين، هذا عهد النبي الأمي إلي أنه لا يحبك إلا مؤمن، ولا يبغضك إلا منافق، وأنا صاحب لواء رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في الدنيا والآخرة، ورسول الله فرطي، وأنا فرط شيعتي، والله لا عطش محبي، ولا خاف وليي، وأنا ولي المؤمنين، والله وليي حسب محبي أن يحبوا ما أحب الله، وحسب مبغضي أن يبغضوا ما أحب الله، ألا وإنه بلغني أن معاوية سبني ولعنني. اللهم اشدد وطأتك عليه، وأنزل اللعنة على المستحق، آمين [يا] رب العالمين، رب إسماعيل وباعث إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد، ثم نزل عليه السلام عن أعواده فما عاد إليها حتى قتله ابن ملجم - لعنه الله -. قال جابر سنأتي على تأويل ما ذكرنا من أسمائه. أما قوله عليه السلام: أنا اسمي في الإنجيل " إليا " فهو علي بلسان العرب، وفي التوراة " برئ " قال: برئ من الشرك، و عند الكهنة " بويئ " هو من تبؤ مكانا وبرأ غيره مكانا وهو الذي يبوء الحق منازله، و يبطل الباطل ويفسده، وفي الزبور " اري " وهو السبع الذي يدق العظم ويفرس اللحم وعند الهند " كبكر " قال: يقرؤون في كتب عندهم فيها ذكر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وذكر فيها أن ناصره " كبكر " وهو الذي إذا أراد شيئا لج فيه ولم يفارقه حتى يبلغه، وعند الروم " بطريسا " قال: هو مختلس الأرواح، وعن الفرس (حبتر) وهو البازي الذي يصطاد، و عند الترك " بثير " قال: هو النمر الذي إذا وضع مخلبه في شئ هتكه، وعند الزنج " حيتر " قال: هو الذي يقطع الأوصال، وعند الحبشة " بثريك " قال: هو المدمر على كل شئ أتى عليه، وعند أمي " حيدرة " قال: هو الحازم الرأي الخبير النقاب النظار في دقائق الأشياء، وعند ظئري " ميمون " قال جابر: أخبرني محمد بن علي عليه السلام، قال: كانت ظئر علي عليه السلام التي أرضعته امرأة من بني هلال خلفته في خبائها ومعه أخ له من الرضاعة وكان أكبر منه سنا بسنة إلا أياما، وكان عند الخبأ قليب ، فمر الصبي نحو القليب ونكس رأسه فيه، فحبي علي عليه السلام خلفه فتعلقت رجل علي عليه السلام بطنب الخيمة فجر الحبل حتى أتى على أخيه فتعلق بفرد قدميه وفرد يديه، وأما اليد ففي فيه، وأما الرجل ففي يده فجاءته أمه فأدركته فنادت: يا للحي، يا للحي، يا للحي من غلام ميمون أمسك علي ولدي. فأخذوا الطفلين من [عند] رأس القليب وهم يعجبون من قوته على صباه ولتعلق رجله بالطنب ولجره الطفل حتى أدركوه، فسمته أمه " ميمونا " أي مباركا، فكان الغلام في بني هلال يعرف بمعلق ميمون وولده إلى اليوم، وعند الأرمن " فريق " قال: الفريق الجسور الذي يهابه الناس، وعند أبي " ظهير " قال: كان أبوه يجمع ولده وولد إخوته ثم يأمرهم بالصراع، وذلك خلق في العرب وكان علي عليه السلام يحسر عن ساعدين له غليظين قصيرين وهو طفل، ثم يصارع كبار إخوته وصغارهم وكبار بني عمه وصغارهم فيصرعهم، فيقول أبوه: ظهر علي فسماه ظهيرا، وعند العرب " علي " قال جابر: اختلف الناس من أهل المعرفة لم سمي علي عليا، فقالت طائفة: لم يسم أحد من ولد آدم قبله بهدا الاسم في العرب ولا في العجم إلا أن يكون الرجل من العرب يقول: ابني هذا علي يريد من العلو لا أنه اسمه، وإنما تسمى الناس به بعده وفي وقته. وقالت طائفة: سمي علي عليا لعلوه على كل من بارزه وقالت طائفة: سمي علي عليا لان داره في الجنان تعلو حتى تحاذي منازل الأنبياء وليس نبي تعلو منزلته منزلة علي . وقالت طائفة: سمي علي عليا لأنه علا ظهر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله بقدميه، طاعة لله عز وجل، ولم يعل أحد على ظهر نبي غيره عند حط الأصنام من سطح الكعبة وقالت طائفة: إنما سمي علي عليا لأنه زوج في أعلى السماوات ولم يزوج أحد من خلق الله عز وجل في ذلك الموضع غيره. وقالت طائفة: إنما سمي علي عليا لأنه كان أعلى الناس علما بعد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله.

9. We were told by Abu’l-Abbas, Muhammed bin Ibrahim bin Ishaq al-Talaqani, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Abdul-Aziz bin Yahya al-Jaloudi in Basra, that he said, I was told by Mughaira bin Muhammed, that he said: We were told by Rajaa’ bin Salama, from Amru bin Shimr, from Jabir al-Ju’fi, from Abu Ja’far, Muhammed bin Ali, peace be upon them both, that he said: The Commander of the Believers, Ali bin Abi Talib, Allah’s blessings be upon him, gave a speech in Kufa after his return from Nahrawan, and it had reached him that Mu’awiya is verbally insulting him, cursing him and killing his companions, and so he stood up to give a speech. Then he praised Allah and commended Him, and he sent blessings upon the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, and he mentioned what Allah bestowed of grace upon His Prophet and upon himself, then he said: Were it not for a verse in the Book of Allah, I would not have mentioned what I am now mentioning in this position of mine. Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, says: «And as for the grace of your Lord, then speak.» (93:11) O Allah, to You belongs the praise for Your grace that cannot be counted, and Your favor that cannot be forgotten. O people, indeed, it has reached me what has reached me, and verily, I see that my time has come near. It is as if I am with you and you have forgotten my case, and I am leaving among you what the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, left; the Book of Allah and my Family, that is the Family of the Guide to Salvation, the Seal of the Prophets, and he is the Master of Nobles and the Selected Prophet. O people, perhaps you might not hear a sayer say the like of my saying after me, except for a calumniator. I am the brother of Allah’s Messenger, the son of his paternal uncle, the sword of his wrath, the pillar of his victory, his strength and intensity, the circling mill of Hell, its pulverizing grinders. I am the orphanizer of boys and girls, I am the grabber of souls and the punishment of Allah that He will not repel from the criminal people. I am the quarrelling with heroes, the slayer of knights, the executor of those who disbelieved in the All-Merciful and the in-law of the Best of mankind. I am the Master of Sucessors and the Successor of the Best of Prophets. I am the Door to the City of Knowledge and the Keeper of the knowledge of Allah’s Messenger and his inheritor. I am the husband of the Batul [1], the Mistress of the Lady of all the worlds, Fatima, the godfearing, the clean, the pure, the good-doer, the guided, the beloved of Allah’s Beloved, the best of his daughters and progeny and the sweet smelling plant of Allah’s Messenger. His two grandsons are the best of grandsons, and my two sons are the best of sons. Does anyone deny what I say? Where are the Muslims from the People of the Book? My name is, in the Injeel, Elia, and in the Tawrat, Bara’, and in the Zabur, Ara, and among the Indians, Kabkar, and among the Romans, Batrisa, and among the Persians, Jabtar, and among the Turks, Batheer, and among the blacks, Haitar, and among the shamans, Boyi’, and among the Abyssinians, Bathrik, and for my mother, Haidara, and for my wet nurse, Maimoun, and among the Arabs, Ali, and among the Armenians, Fareeq, and for my father, Dhaheer. Alas, I am, verily, specified in the Qur’an with names. Beware from overlooking them, lest you aberrate in your religion. Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, says: «Indeed, Allah is with the truthful.» [2] I am that Truthful, and I am the Announcer in this world and the Hereafter. Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, said: «Then an announcer will announce among them: May the curse of Allah be upon the wrong-doers.» (7:44) I am that announcer. And He said: «And an announcement from Allah and His Messenger» (9:3). I am that Announcement. And I am the Good-Doer, about whom Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, says: «Indeed, Allah is with the good-doers.» (29:69) And I am the One with the heart, about whom Allah says: «Indeed, in that is, verily, a reminder for he who has a heart» (50:37). And I am the Rememberer, about whom Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, says: «Who remember Allah whilst standing and sitting and lying on their sides» (3:191). And we are the people of the Elevations, I, my paternal uncle, my brother and the son of my paternal uncle. By Allah, the Divider of the seeds and kernels, the Fire will not enter into a lover of us, and no hater of us will enter Paradise. Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, said: «And on the elevations are men who recognize all by their marks.» (7:46) And I am the in-law, about whom Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, says: «And it is He who created from water, a human being and made him (a relative by) lineage and marriage.» (25:54) And I am the Conscious Ear, about whom Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, says: «And (that) it is perceived by a conscious ear.» (69:12) And I am the Peace to His Messenger, about which Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, said: «And a man belonging entirely to one man» (39:29). And from my sons is the Mahdi of this nation. Alas, your misfortune has, verily, been made that with hatred to me, the hypocrites are recognized, and with love to me, Allah tests the believers. This is the covenant of the Ummi Prophet to me: None will love you, except for a believer, and none will hate you, except for a hater. And I am the carrier of the banner of Allah’s Messenger, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, in this world and the Hereafter. The Messenger of Allah is my precedent, and I am the precedent of my Shia’. By Allah, my lover will not become thirsty, nor will my ally fear, whilst I am the Ally of the Believers and Allah is my Ally. It is sufficient for my lovers to love what Allah loves, and it is sufficient for my haters to hate what Allah loves. Alas, it has, indeed, reached me that Mu’awiya has verbally insulted me and cursed me. O Allah, intensify Your hit upon him, and send down the curse upon the deserving, Ameen, O Lord of all the worlds, the Lord of Isma’eel and the Sender of Ibrahim. Indeed, You are Praised, Commendable. Then he, peace be upon him, stepped down from his old camels, and he did not return to it until he was killed by Ibn Muljim, may Allah curse him. Jabir said: We will come to interpret what we mentioned of his names. As for the saying of him, peace be upon him: My name is, in the Injeel, Elia, it is Ali in the tongue of the Arabs. And in the Tawrat, Bara’. He said: He was free from polytheism. And among the shamans, Boyi’, it is he who takes a place and frees another from a place, and he is the one who returns the truth to its places and invalidates falsehood and impairs it. And in the Zabur, Ari, and he is the lion who beats the bones and devours the flesh. And among the Indians, Kabkar, He said: They read in books which include the mentioning of Allah’s Messenger, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, and it was mentioned in them that his supporter is Kabkar, and he is the one who if he wants something, he persists on it and does not depart from it until he reaches it. And among the Romans, Batrisa. He said: He is the seizer of souls. And among the Persians, Habtar, and he is the falcon that hunts. And among the Turks Batheer. He said: He is the tiger who if he puts his claw into something, he penetrates it. And among the blacks, Haitar. He said: He is the one that cuts joints. And among the Abyssinians, Bathrik. He said: He is the destroyer of everything he comes across. And for my mother, Haidara. He said: He is the one with the firm opinion, the acquainted, the digger, the observer into the details of things. And for my wet nurse, Maimoun. Jabir said: I was informed by Muhammed bin Ali, peace be upon him, that he said: The wet nurse of Ali, peace be upon him, who nursed him was a woman from the sons of Hilal. She had left him in her tent, and with him was a milk brother who was older than him in age with one year except for a few days. Near the tent, there was a well, and so the boy went to the well and put his head into it. Then Ali, peace be upon him, crawled behind him and the foot of Ali, peace be upon him, tangled to the tent’s rope, and so he pulled the rope until it came on his brother and tangled itself to one of his feet and one of his arms. As for hand, it was in his mouth, and as for the foot, it was in his hand. Then his mother came and managed to save him, and she yelled: O my jawbone, O my jawbone, O my jawbone for a fortunate boy who saved for me my son! Then they took the two boys from the top of the well while they were amazed of his strength, due to his childhood, the tangling of his foot to the tent and his pulling of the child until they managed to save him. Then his mother named him Maimoun, meaning blessed, and the boy among the sons of Hilal was known as the one tangled to Maimoun, and so were his sons till today. And among the Armenians, Fareeq. He said: The Fareeq is the bold who is feared by people. And for my father, Dhaheer. He said: His father used to gather his sons and the sons of his brothers and then order them to wrestle, and that was a tradition among the Arabs. Ali, peace be upon him, used to expose his two solid, short, forearms when he was a child, and he would wrestle his big and small brothers, and the big and small ones of the sons of his paternal uncle, and he would defeat them. Then his father would say: Ali has gained victory . Hence, he named him Dhaheer. And among the Arabs, Ali. Jabir said: The people of knowledge differed with regards to why Ali was named Ali. A group said: None from the sons of Adam have been named with this name among the Arabs nor among the non-Arabs, except if a man of the Arabs would say: This son of mine is high , intending to refer to highness , not to name him, and that people were only named with it after him and during his time. Another group said: Ali was named Ali due to his sublimity over everyone who sword-fought him. Another group said: Ali was named Ali because his house in the Gardens is elevated to the extent it aligns with the homes of the Prophets, and there is no Prophet whose rank elevates the rank of Ali. Another group said: Ali was named Ali because he mounted the back of Allah’s Messenger, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, with his feet, out of obedience to Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, and none has mounted the back of a Prophet other than him, during the bringing down of idols from the top of the Kaaba. Another group said: Ali was only named Ali because he was married in the Highest of Heavens, and none from the creations of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, was married in that place other than thim. Another group said: Ali was only named Ali because he was the one of the people with the highest knowledge after Allah’s Messenger, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family.



Hadith #10

حدثنا علي بن أحمد بن محمد بن عمران الدقاق - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا محمد بن جعفر الأسدي قال: حدثنا موسى بن عمران، عن الحسين بن يزيد، عن محمد بن سنان، عن المفضل ابن عمر، عن ثابت بن دينار، عن سعيد بن جبير: قال: قال يزيد بن قعنب: كنت جالسا مع العباس بن عبد المطلب وفريق من بني عبد العزى بإزاء بيت الله الحرام إذا أقبلت فاطمة بنت أسد أم أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام وكانت حاملة به لتسعة أشهر وقد أخذها الطلق ، فقالت: رب إني مؤمنة بك وبما جاء من عندك من رسل وكتب، وإني مصدقة بكلام جدي إبراهيم الخليل وإنه بنى البيت العتيق، فبحق النبي الذي بنى هذا البيت وبحق المولود الذي في بطني لما يسرت علي ولادتي. قال يزيد بن قعنب: فرأينا البيت وقد انفتح من ظهره ودخلت فاطمة فيه وغابت عن أبصارنا والتزق الحائط فرمنا أن ينفتح لنا قفل الباب فلم ينفتح فعلمنا أن ذلك أمر من أمر الله عز وجل ثم خرجت بعد الرابع وبيدها أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام، ثم قالت: إني فضلت على من تقدمني من النساء، لان آسية بنت مزاحم عبدت الله عز وجل سرا في موضع لا يحب أن يعبد الله فيه إلا اضطرارا، وأن مريم بنت عمران هزت النخلة اليابسة بيدها حتى أكلت منها رطبا جنيا، فإني دخلت بيت الله الحرام فأكلت من ثمار الجنة وأوراقها، فلما أردت أن أخرج هتف بي هاتف: يا فاطمة سميه عليا فهو علي، والله العلي الأعلى يقول: إني شققت اسمه من اسمي، وأدبته بأدبي، ووقفته على غامض علمي، وهو الذي يكسر الأصنام في بيتي، وهو الذي يؤذن فوق ظهر بيتي ويقدسني ويمجدني، فطوبى لمن أحبه وأطاعه، وويل لمن أبغضه وعصاه.

10. We were told by Ali bin Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Imran al-Daqqaq, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Ja’far al-Asadi, that he said: We were told by Musa bin Imran, from Hussain bin Yazid, from Muhammed bin Sinan, from Mufaddal bin Umar, from Thabit bin Dinar, from Sa’eed bin Jubayr, that he said: Yazid bin Qa’nab said: I was sitting with Abbas bin Abdul-Muttalib and a group from the sons of Abdul-‘Uzza opposite to the Sacred House of Allah as Fatima bin Asad, the mother of the Commander of the Believers, peace be upon him, and she was pregnant with him for nine months and was taken by labor pain, so she said: My Lord, I am a believer in You and in what has come from You of Messengers and Books, and indeed, I declare belief in the words of my grandfather, Ibrahim the Good Friend, and he, indeed, built the Old House. Hence, by the Prophet who built this House, and by the infant that is in my belly, please, ease for me my labor. Yazid bin Qa’nab said: Then we saw the House as it opened from behind, Fatima entered into it, she became absent from our eyes and the wall merged. Then we hoped for the door’s lock to open to us, and it did not open, and so we knew that this was by the commandment of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He. Then she went out after the fourth and in her hand was the Commander of the Believers, peace be upon him. Then she said: Indeed, I have been preferred over the women who have preceded me, because Asiya bint Muzahim worshipped Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, secretly in a place in which Allah does not like to be worshipped except in urgency, and Mariam bint Imran shook the dry palm tree with her hand until she ate harvested dates from it. I, though, entered into the Sacred House of Allah and ate from the fruits and leaves of Paradise, and when I wanted to exit, a caller called to me: O Fatima, name him Ali, for he is Ali , and Allah, the All-High, the Most Subleme, says: His name is from My Name, disciplined him with My Discipline and gave him success to (comprehend) My Occult Knowledge, and he is the one to break the idols in My House, and he is the one to recite the Adhan above the roof of My House and sanctify Me and glorify Me. Hence, Tuba is for those who love him and obey him, and woe to those who hate him and disobey him.



Hadith #11

حدثنا أحمد بن الحسن القطان، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن يحيى بن زكرياالقطان، قال: حدثنا بكر بن عبد الله بن حبيب، عن تميم بن بهلول، عن أبيه، عن أبي الحسن العبدي، عن سليمان بن مهران، عن عباية بن ربعي، قال: جاء رجل إلى ابن عباس - رضي الله عنه - فقال له: أخبرني عن الأنزع البطين علي بن أبي طالب عليه السلام فقد اختلف الناس فيه. فقال له ابن عباس: أيها الرجل والله لقد سألت عن رجل ما وطأ الحصى بعد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله أفضل منه، وإنه لأخو رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وابن عمه ووصيه و خليفته على أمته، وإنه لأنزع من الشرك، بطين من العلم، ولقد سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يقول: من أراد النجاة غدا فليأخذ بحجزة هذا الأنزع يعني عليا عليه السلام.

11. We were told by Ahmad bin Hasan al-Qattan, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Yahya bin Zakariya al-Qattan, that he said: We were told by Bikr bin Abdullah bin Habib, from Tamim bin Buhlul, from his father, from Abu’l-Hasan al-‘Abdi, from Sulayman bin Mahran, from ‘Abaya bin Rab’I, that he said: A man came to Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, and said to him: Tell me about the anza’, the bateen [1], Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be upon him, for the people have differed about him. Then Ibn Abbas said to him: O man, by Allah, you have certainly asked about a man whom none stepped on pebbles after Allah’s Messenger, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, who was better than him. Indeed, he is, verily, the brother of Allah’s Messenger, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, the son of his paternal uncle, his Bequeathed and Successor over his nation. Indeed, he is, verily, stripped from polytheism, filled with knowledge. I have, verily, heard the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, say: The one who wants salvation tomorrow, let him hold onto the waist cloth of this anza’. Referring to Ali, peace be upon him.



Hadith #12

حدثنا محمد بن محمد بن عصام الكليني - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا محمد بن يعقوب، عن علان الكليني رفعه إلى أبي عبد الله عليه السلام أنه قال: إنما سمي سيف أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام ذا الفقار لأنه كان في وسطه خطة في طوله تشبه بفقار الظهر فسمي ذا الفقار لذلك، وكان سيفا نزل به جبرئيل عليه السلام من السماء، وكانت حلقته فضة، وهو الذي نادى به مناد من السماء " لا سيف إلا ذو الفقار، ولا فتى إلا علي ".

12. We were told by Muhammed bin Muhammed bin ‘Isam al-Kulayni, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Yaq’ub, from ‘Allan al-Kulayni, that he ascribed to Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: The sword of the Commander of the Believers, peace be upon him, was only named Dhu’l-Faqqar because at its center there was a line going along its length similar to the dorsal vertebrae , so it was named Dhu’l-Faqqar for that. It was a sword with which Jibra’eel, peace be upon him, descended from Heaven, and its ring was of silver, and it was he who cried about it from Heaven: There is no sword but Dhu’l-Faqqar, and there is no hero but Ali.



Hadith #13

حدثنا المظفر بن جعفر بن المظفر العلوي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا جعفر بن محمد ابن مسعود، عن أبيه قال: حدثنا جبرئيل بن أحمد الفاريابي قال: حدثني الحسن بن خرزاد ، عن محمد بن موسى بن الفرات، عن يعقوب بن سويد بن مزيد الحارثي، عن عمرو ابن شمر، عن جابر بن يزيد، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: قلت له: جعلت فداك لم سمي أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام أمير المؤمنين؟ قال: لأنه يميرهم العلم، أما سمعت كتاب الله عز وجل " ونمير أهلنا ".

13. We were told by Mudaffar bin Ja’far bin Mudaffar al-Alawi, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Ja’far bin Muhammed ibn Mas’ud, from his father, that he said: We were told by JIbra’eel bin Ahmad al-Faryabi, that he said: I was told by Hasan bin Khazrad, from Muhammed bin Musa bin Furat, from Ya’qub bin Suwayd bin Mazeed al-Harithi, from Amru ibn Shimr, from Jabir bin Yazid, from Abu Ja’far, peace be upon him, that he [1] said: I said to him: May I be sacrificed for you, why was the Commander of the Believers, peace be upon him, named the Commander of the Believers? He said: Because he was granting knowledge to them. Have you not heard the Book of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «And We will obtain provision for our family» (12:65)?



Hadith #14

حدثنا أحمد بن الحسن القطان، قال: حدثنا أبو سعيد الحسن بن علي بن الحسين السكري، قال: أخبرنا أبو عبد الله محمد بن زكريا الغلابي قال: حدثنا محدوج ابن عمير الحنفي ، قال حدثنا بشر بن إبراهيم الأنصاري عن الأوزاعي، عن يحيى بن أبي كثير عن أبيه، عن أبي هريرة، قال: إنما سميت فاطمة، فاطمة لان الله عز وجل فطم من أحبها من النار. 14. We were told by Ahmad bin Hasan al-Qattan, that he said: We were told by Abu Sa’eed, Hasan bin Ali bin Hasan al-Sukkari, that he said: We were informed by Abu Abdillah, Muhammed bin Zakariya al-Ghulabi, that he said: We were told by Mahdouj ibn Umayr al-Hanafi, that he said: We were told by Bishr bin Ibrahim al-Ansari, from Awza’i, from Yahya bin Abi Kathir, from his father, from Abu Huraira, that he said: Fatima was only named Fatima because Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, separated those who love her, from the Fire.

H15



Hadith #15

وقد روي: إنما سميت الزهراء لان الله عز وجل خلقها من نور عظمته.

16. It was reported: She was only named Zahra because Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, created her from the Light of His Greatness.



Hadith #16

حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن يحيى بن أحمد بن عيسى بن علي بن الحسين بن علي بن الحسين بن علي بن أبي طالب، قال: حدثنا أبو عبد الله محمد بن إبراهيم بن أسباط، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن زياد القطان، قال، حدثني أبو الطيب أحمد بن محمد بن عبد الله، قال: حدثني عيسى بن جعفر بن محمد بن عبد الله بن محمد بن عمر بن علي بن أبي طالب، عن آبائه، عن عمر بن علي، عن أبيه، علي بن أبي طالب عليه السلام قال: إن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله سئل: ما البتول ؟ فإنا سمعناك يا رسول الله تقول إن مريم بتول، وفاطمة بتول؟ فقال: البتول التي لن تر حمرة قط أي لم تحض فإن الحيض مكروه في بنات الأنبياء. وسمي الامام إماما لأنه قدوة للناس منصوب من قبل الله تعالى ذكره مفترض الطاعة على العباد. وسمي علي بن الحسين عليهما السلام، السجاد لما كان على مساجده من آثار السجود وقد كان يصلي في اليوم والليلة ألف ركعة، وسمي ذا الثفنات لأنه كان له في مواضع سجوده آثار ناتئة فكان يقطعها في السنة مرتين كل مرة خمس ثفنات فسمى ذا الثفنات لذلك وسمي الباقر عليه السلام باقرا لأنه بقر العلم بقرا أي شقه شقا وأظهره إظهارا. وسمي الصادق صادقا ليتميز من المدعي للإمامة بغير حقها وهو جعفر بن عليإمام الفطحية الثانية. وسمي موسى بن جعفر عليهما السلام، الكاظم لأنه كان يكظم غيظه على من يعلم أنه كان سيقف عليه ويجحد الامام بعده طمعا في ملكه . وسمي علي بن موسى عليهما السلام، الرضا لأنه كان رضي لله تعالى ذكره في سمائه، ورضي لرسول و الأئمة بعده عليهم السلام في أرضه، ورضي به المخالفون من أعدائه كما رضي به الموافقون من أوليائه. وسمي محمد بن عليالثاني عليهما السلام، التقي لأنه اتقى الله عز وجل فوقاه الله شر المأمون لما دخل عليه بالليل سكران فضربه بسيفه حتى ظن أنه كان قد قتله فوقاه الله شره. وسمي الإمامان - علي بن محمد، والحسن بن علي عليهما السلام - العسكريين لأنهما نسبا إلى المحلة التي سكناها بسر من رأى وكانت تسمى عسكرا. وسمي القائم قائما لأنه يقوم بعد موت ذكره. وقد روي في هذا المعني غير ذلك. وقد أخرجت هذه الفصول مرتبة مسندة في كتاب علل الشرائع والاحكام والأسباب.

17. We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Yahya bin Ahmad bin Isa bin Ali bin Hussain bin Ali bin Hussain bin Ali bin Abi Talib, that he said: We were told by Abu Abdillah, Muhammed bin Ibrahim bin Asbat, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Ziyad al-Qattan, that he said: I was told by Abu’l-Teeb, Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Abdullah, that he said: I was told by Isa bin Ja’far bin Muhammed bin Abdullah bin Muhammed bin Umar bin Ali bin Abi Talib, from his fathers, from Umar bin Ali, from his father, Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be upon him, that he said: Indeed, the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, was asked: What is the Batul? For indeed, we have heard you, O Allah’s Messenge,r say that Maryam was a Batul and that Fatima is a Batul? Then he said: The Batul is she who never saw any redness at all, meaning that she did not menstruate, because menstruation is disliked for the daughters of Prophets. The Imam was named an Imam because he is a role-model for the people, assigned by Allah, Exalted is His Remembrance, whose obedience is obligatory upon the servants. Ali bin Hussain, peace be upon them both, was named the Sajjad due to what was on his prostrating parts of effects of prostration , and he used to pray in one day and night, a thousand rak’a [1]. He was named the One with Calluses because on the spot of his prostration, he had swollen effects, and he used to cut them twice a year, each time five calluses, and so he was named the One with Calluses for that. Al-Baqir, peace be upon him, was named a Baqir because he slit knowledge open, a true splitting, meaning that he cut it a true cutting and demonstrated it, a true demonstration. Al-Sadiq was named a Sadiq in order it to be recognized who the claimer of Imamate without right is, and that is Ja’far bin Ali, the leader of the Second Fathis. Musa bin Ja’far, peace be upon them both, was named the Kadhim because he used to repress his rage towards those whom he knew would stand on his truth and knowingly reject the Imam after him out of greed for his property. Ali bin Musa, peace be upon them both, was named the Rida because he was pleased with Allah, Exalted is His Remembrance, in His Heaven, pleased with the Messenger and the Imams after him, peace be upon them, in His earth, and the opponents from his enemies were pleased with him like how the congruent from his allies were pleased with him. Muhammed bin Ali, the Second, peace be upon them both, was named the Taqi because he feared Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, and so Allah shielded from him the evil of Ma’mun when he entered into him at night, drunk, and hit him by his sword to the extent he assumed that he had killed him, and so Allah shielded him from his evil. The two Imams, Ali bin Muhammed and Hasan bin Ali, peace be upon them both, were named the Askariyyain [2] because they were ascribed to the place in which they resided in Surr Man Ra’a [3], and it used to be called a military camp. The Qa’im was named a Qa’im because he will arise after the death of his remembrance. It has been reported other than that with regards to this meaning. I have reported these parts in an arranged, chained, manner in the book ‘Ilal-ush-Shara’I’ wal-Ahkam wal-Asbab.