Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The chapter because of which we named this book, the Book of the Meanings of the Reports
Hadith #1

قال الشيخ أبو جعفر محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن موسى بن بابويه الفقيه القمي نزيل الري، مصنف هذا الكتاب - رضي الله عنه، وقدس روحه: حدثنا أبي، ومحمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد - رضي الله عنهما - قالا: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، و عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري، وأحمد بن إدريس، ومحمد بن يحيى العطار - رحمهم الله - قالوا: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن خالد قال: حدثنا علي بن حسان الواسطي، عمن ذكره، عن داود بن فرقد قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام يقول: أنتم أفقه الناس إذا عرفتم معاني كلامنا، إن الكلمة لتنصرف على وجوه، فلو شاء إنسان لصرف كلامه كيف شاء ولا يكذب.

Sheikh Abu Ja’far, Muhammed bin Ali bin Hussain bin Musa bin Babawayh, the jurist, al-Qommi, the visitor of Ray, the compiler of this book, may Allah be pleased with him and sanctify his soul: 1. We were told by my father, and Muhammed bin Hasan bin Ahmad bin Waleed, may Allah be pleased with them both, that they both said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, and Abdullah bin Ja’far al-Himyari, and Ahmad bin Idrees, and Muhammed bin Yahya al-‘Attar, may Allah grant them mercy, that they said: We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Khalid, that he said: We were told by Ali bin Hassaan al-Wasiti, from the one he mentioned, from Dawud bin Farqad, that he said: I heard Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, say: You are the most knowledgeable of the people if you were to know the meanings of our words. Verily, a word does indeed turn to several indications. If a person wishes, he may turn his words however he wishes, whilst not lying.



Hadith #2

أبي - رحمه الله - قال حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن محمد بن عيسى، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن بريد الرزاز، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قال أبو جعفر عليه السلام: يا بني أعرف منازل الشيعة على قدر روايتهم ومعرفتهم، فإن المعرفة هي الدراية للرواية و بالدرايات للروايات يعلو المؤمن إلى أقصى درجات الايمان، إني نظرت في كتاب لعلي عليه السلام فوجدت في الكتاب أن قيمة كل امرء وقدره معرفته، إن الله تبارك وتعالى يحاسب الناس على قدر ما آتاهم من العقول في دار الدنيا.

2. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Ali bin Ibrahim bin Hashim, from Muhammed bin ‘Isa, from Muhammed bin Abi ‘Umayr, from Zaid al-Razzaz, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: Abu Ja’far, peace be upon him, said: O my son, know that the rank of the Shi’a [1] is based upon the degree of their narrating and conscious knowledge, for indeed, conscious knowledge is comprehension. With comprehensions of the narrations, the believer elevates to the farthest levels of faith. Indeed, I have looked into the book of Ali, peace be upon him, and I found in the book: Indeed, the value and rank of every person is his conscious knowledge. Indeed, Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, will judge people in accordance to the amount of what He has granted them of intellects in the life of this world.



Hadith #3

حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن مسرور - رضي الله عنه - قال. حدثنا الحسين بن محمد ابن عامر، عن عمه عبد الله بن عامر، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن إبراهيم الكرخي، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام أنه قال: حديث تدريه خير من ألف حديث ترويه، ولا يكون الرجل منكم فقيها حتى يعرف معاريض كلامنا، وإن الكلمة من كلامنا لتنصرف على سبعين وجها لنا من جميعها المخرج.

3. We were told by Ja’far bin Muhammed bin Masrur, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Hussain bin Muhammed ibn ‘Amer, from his paternal uncle, Abdullah bin ‘Amer, from Muhammed bin Abi ‘Umayr, from Ibrahim al-Karkhi, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: A narration that you comprehend is better than a thousand narrations which you narrate. An man from you will not be knowledgeable until he is aware of the various indications of our speech. Verily, the word from our speech does indeed turn to seventy indications, all which we may intend.