Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of mentioning Allah abundantly
Hadith #1

حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن أبي أسامة زيد الشحام، قال: قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام ما ابتلي المؤمن بشئ أشد عليه من خصال ثلاث يحرمها. قيل: وما هي؟ قال: المؤاساة في ذات يده، والانصاف من نفسه، وذكر الله كثيرا، أما إني لا أقول لكم: سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله والله أكبر ولكن ذكر الله عندما أحل له وعندما حرم عليه.

1. We were told by Muhammed bin Musa bin Mutawakkil, that he said: We were told by Abdullah bin Ja’far al-Himyari, from Ahmad bin Muhammed, from Hasan bin Mahbub, from Abu Usama, Zaid al-Shahham, that he said: Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him: A believer has not been trialed with anything more difficult upon him than three traits which he prevents. It was said: And what are they? He said: Consolation with what is in his hand, fairness towards himself and mentioning Allah abundantly. Alas, I am, indeed, saying to you, verily: «Glory be to Allah, and Praise be to Allah, and there is no god but Allah, and Allah is Greater» however, (I mean) it to mention Allah when things are granted to him and when things are prevented upon him.



Hadith #2

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن أبيه، عن ابن المغيرة، عن أبي الصباح الكناني، عن أبي بصير، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: من أشد ما عمل العباد إنصاف المرء من نفسه ومؤاساة المرء أخاه وذكر الله على كل حال. قال: قلت أصلحك الله وما وجه ذكر الله على كل حال؟ قال يذكر الله عند المعصية يهم بها فيحول ذكر الله بينه وبين تلك المعصية، وهو قول الله عز وجل: " إن الذين اتقوا إذا مسهم طائف من الشيطان تذكروا فإذا هم مبصرون ".

2. My father, may Allah have mercy upon him, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ahmad bin Muhammed, from his father, from Ibn Mughaira, from Abu’s-Sabah al-Kinani, from Abu Baseer, from Abu Ja’far, peace be upon him, that he said: Among the most difficult of what servants have done, is the individual’s fairness towards himself, the individual’s consolation with his brother and mentioning Allah in all cases. He said: I said: May Allah rectify you, and what is the indication of mentioning Allah in all cases? He said: That one mentions Allah at the committing of an act of disobedience that one intends, at which the mentioning of Allah appears between him and between that act of disobedience. That is the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «Indeed, those who are godfearing, if they are touched by an impulse from Shaytan, they remember Allah, and at once they are insightful.» (7:201)



Hadith #3

حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن هشام بن سالم، عن زرارة، عن الحسين البزاز قال: قال لي أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: ألا أحدثك بأشد ما فرض الله الله عز وجل على خلقه؟ قلت بلى قال إنصاف الناس من نفسك ومواساتك لأخيك ، وذكر الله في كل موطن، أما إني لا أقول: " سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله والله أكبر " وإن كان هذا من ذلك ولكن ذكر الله في كل موطن إذا هجمت على طاعة أو معصية.

3. We were told by Muhammed bin Musa bin Mutawakkil, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Abdullah bin Ja’far al-Himyari, from Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Isa, from Hasan bin Mahbub, from Hisham bin Salim, from Zurara, from Hasan al-Bazzaz, that he said: Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said to me: Shall I not tell you of the most difficult which Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, obliged upon His creation? I said: Sure. (He said:) [1] That you are fair with people towards yourself, your consolation with your brother and mentioning Allah in every place. Alas, I am, indeed, saying, verily: «Glory be to Allah, and Praise be to Allah, and there is no god but Allah, and Allah is Greater». Although this is from that, however, (I mean) mentioning Allah in every place, (regardless) if you were to approach an act of obedience or an act of disobedience.



Hadith #4

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن فضال عن علي بن عقبة، عن أبي جارود المنذر الكندي عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: أشد الأعمال ثلاثة: إنصاف الناس من نفسك حتى لا ترضى لها منهم بشئ إلا رضيت لهم منها بمثله، ومؤاساتك الأخ في المال، وذكر الله على كل حال. ليس " سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله والله أكبر " فقط ولكن إذا ورد عليك شئ أمر الله به أخذت به وإذا ورد عليك شئ نهى عنه تركته.

4. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ahmad bin Muhammed, from Ibn Faddal, from Ali bin ‘Aqaba, from Abu’l-Jaroud, Mundhri al-Kindi, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: The most difficult of acts are three: Fairness towards people from yourself until you are not pleased for yourself, from them, with anything except that you are pleased for them, from yourself, likewise; your consolation with a brother with regards to property; and mentioning Allah in all cases. It is not (to say) «Glory be to Allah, and Praise be to Allah, and there is no god but Allah, and Allah is Greater» only, however, (it is that) whenever something comes to you which Allah has ordered to, you take it, and when something comes to you which Allah has forbidden, you abandon it.



Hadith #5

وقد روي في خبر آخر عن الصادق عليه السلام أنه سئل عن قول الله عز وجل: " اذكروا الله ذكرا كثيرا " ما هذا الذكر الكثير؟ قال: من سبح تسبيح فاطمة عليها السلام فقد ذكر الله الذكر الكثير.

5. It has been narrated in another report from al-Sadiq, peace be upon him, that he was asked about the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «Mention Allah an abundant mentioning» (33:41): What is this mentioning in abundance? He said: The one who glorifies reciting the Glorification of (what was performed by) Fatima, peace be upon her, has certainly mentioned Allah an abundant mentioning.



Hadith #6

حدثنا بذلك محمد بن الحسن - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا أحمد بن إدريس، عن محمد بن أحمد قال: حدثنا أبو محمد جعفر بن أحمد بن سعيد البجلي ابن أخي صفوان بن يحيى، عن علي بن أسباط، عن سيف بن عميرة، عن أبي الصباح بن نعيم العائذي، عن محمد بن مسلم، قال: في حديث يقول في آخره: تسبيح فاطمة عليها السلام من ذكر الله الكثير الذي قال الله عز وجل: " واذكروني أذكركم ".

We were told of that by Muhammed bin Hasan, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Idrees, from Muhammed bin Ahmad, that he said: We were told by Abu Muhammed, Ja’far bin Ahmad bin Sa’eed al-Bajali, the son of the brother from Sawfan bin Yahya, from Ali bin Asbat, from Saif bin ‘Umayra, from Abu’s-Sabah bin Na’eem al-‘A’idhi, from Muhammed bin Muslim, that he said in a narration in which he says in its ending: The Glorification of (what was performed by) Fatima, peace be upon him, is among the mentioning of Allah in abundance about which Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, said: «So mention Me, (and) I will mention you.» (2:152)