Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the noblest of moral traits
Hadith #1

حدثنا أبي - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله بن أبي خلف، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن حماد بن عثمان، قال: جاء رجل إلى الصادق جعفر بن محمد عليهما السلام، فقال: يا ابن رسول الله أخبرني بمكارم الأخلاق فقال العفو عمن ظلمك، وصلة من قطعك، وإعطاء من حرمك، وقول الحق ولو على نفسك.

2. We were told by my father, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah bin Abi Khalaf, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Isa, from his father, from Muhammed bin Abi ‘Umayr, from Hammad bin Uthman, that he said: A man came to al-Sadiq, Ja’far bin Muhammed, peace be upon them both, and said: O son of Allah’s Messenger, inform me about the noblest of moral traits. So he said: Pardoning those who wronged you, connecting with those who disconnected from you, giving those who prevented you and saying the truth, even if it may be against yourself.



Hadith #2

حدثنا أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن أبيه، عن النضر بن سويد، عن القاسم بن سليمان، عن جراح المدائني قال: قال لي أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: ألا أحدثك بمكارم الأخلاق؟ [قلت: بلى. قال:] الصفح عن الناس، ومواساة الرجل أخاه في ماله، وذكر الله كثيرا.

3. We were told by muy father, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ahmad bin Muhammed, from his father, from Nadr bin Suwayd, from Qasem bin Sulayman, from Jarrah al-Mada’ini, that he said: Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said to me: Shall I not tell you about the noblest of moral traits? I said: Sure. He said: Pardoning people, for a man to console his brother with his property and to mention Allah abundantly.



Hadith #3

حدثنا محمد بن أحمد بن يحيى العطار - رحمه الله - قال: حدثني أبي، عن أحمد ابن محمد بن عيسى، عن عثمان بن عيسى، عن عبد الله بن مسكان، عن أبي عبد الله الصادق عليه السلام قال: إن الله تبارك وتعالى خص رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله بمكارم الأخلاق فامتحنوا أنفسكم فإن كانت فيكم فاحمدوا الله عز وجل وارغبوا إليه في الزيادة منها، فذكرها عشرة: اليقين، والقناعة، والصبر، والشكر، والرضا، وحسن الخلق، والسخاء، والغيرة، والشجاعة، والمروءة.

4. We were told by Muhammed bin Ahamd bin Yahya al-‘Attar, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: I was told by my father, from Ahmad ibn Muhammed bin Isa, from Uthman bin Isa, from Abdullah bin Maskan, from Abu Abdillah al-Sadiq, peace be upon him, that he said: Indeed, Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, specified the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, with the noblest of moral traits. Hence, test yourselves; if they are in you, then praise Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, and desire towards Him for more of them. Then he mentioned them, the ten: certainty, contentment, patience, thankfulness, satisfaction, good mannerisms, openhandedness, sense of honor, courage and manliness.