Ṣifāt al-Shīʿa > Hadith
Hadith #1

,حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ اَلْقَاسِمِ اَلْأَسْتَرْآبَادِيُّ رَحِمَهُ اَللَّهُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يُوسُفُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَيَّارٍ عَنْ أَبَوَيْهِمَا عَنِ اَلْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ اَلْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ آبَائِهِ ع قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ص لِبَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ يَا عَبْدَ اَللَّهِ حَبِّبْ فِي اَللَّهِ وَ أَبْغِضْ فِي اَللَّهِ وَ وَالِ فِي اَللَّهِ وَ عَادِ فِي اَللَّهِ فَإِنَّكَ لاَ تَنَالُ وَلاَيَتَهُ إِلاَّ بِذَلِكَ وَ لاَ يَجِدُ رَجُلٌ طَعْمَ اَلْإِيمَانِ وَ إِنْ كَثُرَتْ صَلاَتُهُ وَ صِيَامُهُ حَتَّى يَكُونَ‌ كَذَلِكَ وَ قَدْ صَارَتْ مُؤَاخَاةُ اَلنَّاسِ فِي يَوْمِكُمْ هَذَا أَكْثَرُهَا فِي اَلدُّنْيَا عَلَيْهَا يَتَوَادُّونَ وَ عَلَيْهَا يَتَبَاغَضُونَ وَ ذَلِكَ لاَ يُغْنِي عَنْهُمْ مِنَ اَللَّهِ شَيْئاً فَقَالَ لَهُ ع كَيْفَ لِي أَنْ أَعْلَمَ أَنِّي قَدْ وَالَيْتُ وَ عَادَيْتُ فِي اَللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ مَنْ وَلِيُّ اَللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ حَتَّى أُوَالِيَهُ وَ مَنْ عَدُوُّهُ حَتَّى أُعَادِيَهُ فَأَشَارَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ص إِلَى عَلِيٍّ ع فَقَالَ أَ تَرَى هَذَا فَقَالَ بَلَى فَقَالَ ص وَلِيُّ هَذَا وَلِيُّ اَللَّهِ فَوَالِهِ وَ عَدُوُّ هَذَا عَدُوُّ اَللَّهِ فَعَادِهِ وَ وَالِ وَلِيَّ هَذَا وَ لَوْ أَنَّهُ قَاتِلُ أَبِيكَ وَ وَلَدِكَ وَ عَادِ عَدُوَّ هَذَا وَ لَوْ أَنَّهُ أَبُوكَ وَ وَلَدُكَ .

Mohammed bin al-Qasim Alistrabadi, Allah may have mercy upon him, narrated to us from Yousuf bin Mohammed bin Ziyad and Ali bin Mohammed bin Sayyar from their fathers that al-Hasan (Imam al-Askari) bin Ali bin Mohammed bin Ali bin Musa bin Ja’far bin Mohammed bin Ali bin al-Hussein bin Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be upon them all, related that the Prophet (s) said to one of his companions: You, O Abdullah, should love, hate, support, and antagonize-all for the sake of Allah. You cannot gain the loyalty to Allah except through this way. A man cannot find the taste of faith, no matter how many his prayers and days of fasting are, unless he follows so. Unfortunately, these days, people are fraternizing with each other on the bases of the worldly benefits. Likewise, they love each other and hate each other for the same reason. This will in no means benefit them in the sight of Allah. The man asked: How can I know whether my support or antagonism was for the sake of Allah? Who is the disciple of Allah so that I will support him, and who is the enemy of Allah so that I will antagonize him?” The Prophet (s) pointed to Ali (a) and said: Do you see this one? The man said: Yes, I do. He (s) said: The supporter of this one is surely the disciple of Allah; therefore, you should support him. The enemy of this one is surely the enemy of Allah; therefore, you should antagonize him. You should support him whoever supports this man, –Ali- even if he is the killer of your father and sons. You should antagonize him whoever antagonizes this man, even if he was your father or your sons.