30. Praying for Brothers (in Belief) in Their Absence

Back to book

1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْمَغْرَاءِ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَوْشَكُ دَعْوَةٍ وَأَسْرَعُ إِجَابَةٍ دُعَاءُ الْمَرْءِ لأخِيهِ بِظَهْرِ الْغَيْبِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu al- Mighra’ from al-Fudayl ibn Yasar from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “The prayer closest to acceptance and the fastest to be heard is a man’s prayer for a brother (in belief) in his absence.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/165)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ دُعَاءُ الْمَرْءِ لأخِيهِ بِظَهْرِ الْغَيْبِ يُدِرُّ الرِّزْقَ وَيَدْفَعُ الْمَكْرُوهَ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “A man’s prayer for his brother (in belief) in his absence increases his sustenance and repulses misfortune.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/166)



3ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فِي قَوْلِهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى وَيَسْتَجِيبُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحاتِ وَيَزِيدُهُمْ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ قَالَ هُوَ الْمُؤْمِنُ يَدْعُو لأخِيهِ بِظَهْرِ الْغَيْبِ فَيَقُولُ لَهُ الْمَلَكُ آمِينَ وَيَقُولُ الله الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ وَلَكَ مِثْلا مَا سَأَلْتَ وَقَدْ أُعْطِيتَ مَا سَأَلْتَ بِحُبِّكَ إِيَّاهُ.


3. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sayf ibn ‘ Amirah from ‘Amr ibn Shimr from Jabir from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “About the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, ‘He answers the prayers of the righteously striving believers and grants them increasing favors . . . ,’ (42:26) the Imam said, ‘This is a reference to a believing person who prays for his brother (in belief) in his absence and the angel says, “Amin.” Allah, the Majestic and the Most dominant says, ‘You will have twice as much you asked for you brother (in belief) and I have already granted him what you asked for due to your love for him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/166)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ الله بْنِ عَبْدِ الله الْوَاسِطِيِّ عَنْ دُرُسْتَ بْنِ أَبِي مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي خَالِدٍ الْقَمَّاطِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَسْرَعُ الدُّعَاءِ نُجْحاً لِلإجَابَةِ دُعَاءُ الأخِ لأخِيهِ بِظَهْرِ الْغَيْبِ يَبْدَأُ بِالدُّعَاءِ لأخِيهِ فَيَقُولُ لَهُ مَلَكٌ مُوَكَّلٌ بِهِ آمِينَ وَلَكَ مِثْلاهُ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ali ibn Ma’Bad from ‘Ubayd Allah ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Wasity from Durst ibn abu Mansur from abu Khalid al- Qammat who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said, ‘The prayer quickest to success and acceptance is one’s prayer for his brother (in belief) in his absence where one starts praying for him and the angels guarding say, ‘Amin’ You will have twice as much you asked for him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/167)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ التَّمِيمِيِّ عَنْ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ عُلْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) مَا مِنْ مُؤْمِنٍ دَعَا لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ إِلا رَدَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَلَيْهِ مِثْلَ الَّذِي دَعَا لَهُمْ بِهِ مِنْ كُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ وَمُؤْمِنَةٍ مَضَى مِنْ أَوَّلِ الدَّهْرِ أَوْ هُوَ آتٍ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ لَيُؤْمَرُ بِهِ إِلَى النَّارِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَيُسْحَبُ فَيَقُولُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتُ يَا رَبُّ هَذَا الَّذِي كَانَ يَدْعُو لَنَا فَشَفِّعْنَا فِيهِ فَيُشَفِّعُهُمُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فِيهِ فَيَنْجُو.


5. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn Sulayman from Isma’Il ibn Ibrahim from Ja’far ibn Muhammad al-Tamimi from Husayn ibn ‘Ulwan from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Any believing person who prays for the believing people male and female, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, returns to such person a reward equal to the reward for a likewise prayer with which all believing people, male and female have been praying from the beginning of time and all who will do so in future up to the Day of Judgment. A servant will be ordered and dragged to the fire and the believing people male and female will say, ‘O Lord, this is the one who prayed for us, accept our intercession for him and Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, will accept their intercession about him and he will be saved.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/168)



6ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ عَبْدَ الله بْنَ جُنْدَبٍ فِي الْمَوْقِفِ فَلَمْ أَرَ مَوْقِفاً كَانَ أَحْسَنَ مِنْ مَوْقِفِهِ مَا زَالَ مَادّاً يَدَيْهِ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ وَدُمُوعُهُ تَسِيلُ عَلَى خَدَّيْهِ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ الأرْضَ فَلَمَّا صَدَرَ النَّاسُ قُلْتُ لَهُ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ مَا رَأَيْتُ مَوْقِفاً قَطُّ أَحْسَنَ مِنْ مَوْقِفِكَ قَالَ وَالله مَا دَعَوْتُ إِلا لِإِخْوَانِي وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ مَنْ دَعَا لأخِيهِ بِظَهْرِ الْغَيْبِ نُودِيَ مِنَ الْعَرْشِ وَلَكَ مِائَةُ أَلْفِ ضِعْفٍ فَكَرِهْتُ أَنْ أَدَعَ مِائَةَ أَلْفٍ مَضْمُونَةٍ لِوَاحِدَةٍ لا أَدْرِي تُسْتَجَابُ أَمْ لا.


6. Ali has narrated from his father who has said the following: “Once I saw ‘Abd Allah ibn Jundab in ‘Arafat but I had not seen any stay (spending the ninth day of Dulhajj) in ‘Arafat better than that. He continued stretching his hands to the sky and his tears flow on his both cheeks all the way to the ground. When people left I said to him, ‘O abu Muhammad, I have never seen a wonderful performance in ‘Arafat such as yours.’ He said, ‘By Allah I did not pray for anything but for my brothers (in belief) and that is because of abu al-Hassan Musa (a.s.) who told me that whoever prays for his brothers (in belief) in his absence is called from the Throne, ‘(O servant of Allah) you will have one hundred thousand times as much reward as one may for his prayer receive,’ thus, I did not like to leave one hundred thousand guaranteed for only one of mine, of which I am uncertain whether it is accepted or not.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/169)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ عَنْ ثُوَيْرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيهِما السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ الْمَلائِكَةَ إِذَا سَمِعُوا الْمُؤْمِنَ يَدْعُو لأخِيهِ الْمُؤْمِنِ بِظَهْرِ الْغَيْبِ أَوْ يَذْكُرُهُ بِخَيْرٍ قَالُوا نِعْمَ الأخُ أَنْتَ لأخِيكَ تَدْعُو لَهُ بِالْخَيْرِ وَهُوَ غَائِبٌ عَنْكَ وَتَذْكُرُهُ بِخَيْرٍ قَدْ أَعْطَاكَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مِثْلَيْ مَا سَأَلْتَ لَهُ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْكَ مِثْلَيْ مَا أَثْنَيْتَ عَلَيْهِ وَلَكَ الْفَضْلُ عَلَيْهِ وَإِذَا سَمِعُوهُ يَذْكُرُ أَخَاهُ بِسُوءٍ وَيَدْعُو عَلَيْهِ قَالُوا لَهُ بِئْسَ الأخُ أَنْتَ لأخِيكَ كُفَّ أَيُّهَا الْمُسَتَّرُ عَلَى ذُنُوبِهِ وَعَوْرَتِهِ وَارْبَعْ عَلَى نَفْسِكَ وَاحْمَدِ الله الَّذِي سَتَرَ عَلَيْكَ وَاعْلَمْ أَنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَعْلَمُ بِعَبْدِهِ مِنْكَ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from abu ‘Ubaydah from Thuwayr who has said the following: “I heard Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) saying, ‘When the angels hear the believing person praying for his brother (in belief) in his absence or speak of him good, they say, “You are a good brother (in belief). You pray for him in his absence and speak good of him. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has granted you double of what you asked for him and He has praised you double of your praising him and you have excellence over him, but if they (angels) hear him speak evil of his brother (in belief), and pray against him, they will say, ‘You are a bad brother for him! Stop, O you whose sins and privacy are covered, reduce your burden. Praise and thank Allah, Who has covered you, and notice that Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, knows more about His servant than you do.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول ويمكن أن يعد حسنا - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/169)