16. Praising Allah Before Praying and Pleading for Help

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1ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِيَّاكُمْ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ يَسْأَلَ مِنْ رَبِّهِ شَيْئاً مِنْ حَوَائِجِ الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ حَتَّى يَبْدَأَ بِالثَّنَاءِ عَلَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَالْمَدْحِ لَهُ وَالصَّلاةِ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) ثُمَّ يَسْأَلَ الله حَوَائِجَهُ.


1. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from al-Harith ibn al-Mughirah who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘You must bear in mind that whenever one of you likes to ask his Lord for help in worldly matters or of the next life, he must begin with praise of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, thank Him and ask His favors for the Holy Prophet and then ask for help.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/59)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ فِي كِتَابِ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِنَّ الْمِدْحَةَ قَبْلَ الْمَسْأَلَةِ فَإِذَا دَعَوْتَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَمَجِّدْهُ قُلْتُ كَيْفَ أُمَجِّدُهُ قَالَ تَقُولُ يَا مَنْ هُوَ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيَّ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ يَا فَعَّالاً لِمَا يُرِيدُ يَا مَنْ يَحُولُ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَقَلْبِهِ يَا مَنْ هُوَ بِالْمَنْظَرِ الأعْلَى يَا مَنْ هُوَ لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘It is in the book of Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali ibn abu Talib (a.s.) “praise comes before asking for favors. Whenever you like to pray and plead before Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, for help, speak of His glory.” The narrator has said that I asked the Imam, ‘How should we speak of His glory?’ The Imam said, ‘Say, O You Who are closer to me than my jugular veins, O the One Who does without fail as He wishes, O the One Who stands between a man and his heart, O the One Who is on a high position and the One like Whom is no creature.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/59)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّمَا هِيَ الْمِدْحَةُ ثُمَّ الثَّنَاءُ ثُمَّ الإقْرَارُ بِالذَّنْبِ ثُمَّ الْمَسْأَلَةُ إِنَّهُ وَالله مَا خَرَجَ عَبْدٌ مِنْ ذَنْبٍ إِلا بِالإقْرَارِ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from his father from ibn Sinan from Mu’awiyah ibn ‘Ammar from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘It is thanking then praising, then confession of sins then pleading before Allah for help. By Allah, no servant (of Allah) can come out of sins without confession.’”




4ـ وَعَنْهُ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مِثْلَهُ إِلا أَنَّهُ قَالَ ثُمَّ الثَّنَاءُ ثُمَّ الإعْتِرَافُ بِالذَّنْبِ.


4. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from ibn Faddal from Tha’labah from Mu’awiyah ibn ‘Ammar the following: “Mu’awiyah ibn ‘Ammar has narrated from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) a similar Hadith except that he said, ‘Then praising and confessing sins.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/64)



5ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِذَا أَرَدْتَ أَنْ تَدْعُوَ فَمَجِّدِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَاحْمَدْهُ وَسَبِّحْهُ وَهَلِّلْهُ وَأَثْنِ عَلَيْهِ وَصَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ وَآلِهِ ثُمَّ سَلْ تُعْطَ.


5. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla ibn Muhammad from al- Hassan ibn Ali from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from al-Harith ibn al-Mughirah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Whenever you wish to pray and plead before Allah for help, speak of the glory of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, thank Him, speak of His Holiness, and say that no one deserves to be worshipped except Him, praise Him and ask from Him favors for Muhammad and his family and then ask Him for help, you will receive it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/64)



6ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ عِيصِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِذَا طَلَبَ أَحَدُكُمُ الْحَاجَةَ فَلْيُثْنِ عَلَى رَبِّهِ وَلْيَمْدَحْهُ فَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ إِذَا طَلَبَ الْحَاجَةَ مِنَ السُّلْطَانِ هَيَّأَ لَهُ مِنَ الْكَلامِ أَحْسَنَ مَا يَقْدِرُ عَلَيْهِ فَإِذَا طَلَبْتُمُ الْحَاجَةَ فَمَجِّدُوا الله الْعَزِيزَ الْجَبَّارَ وَامْدَحُوهُ وَأَثْنُوا عَلَيْهِ تَقُولُ يَا أَجْوَدَ مَنْ أَعْطَى وَيَا خَيْرَ مَنْ سُئِلَ يَا أَرْحَمَ مَنِ اسْتُرْحِمَ يَا أَحَدُ يَا صَمَدُ يَا مَنْ لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُواً أَحَدٌ يَا مَنْ لَمْ يَتَّخِذْ صَاحِبَةً وَلا وَلَداً يَا مَنْ يَفْعَلُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَيَحْكُمُ مَا يُرِيدُ وَيَقْضِي مَا أَحَبَّ يَا مَنْ يَحُولُ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَقَلْبِهِ يَا مَنْ هُوَ بِالْمَنْظَرِ الأعْلَى يَا مَنْ لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ يَا سَمِيعُ يَا بَصِيرُ وَأَكْثِرْ مِنْ أَسْمَاءِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَإِنَّ أَسْمَاءَ الله كَثِيرَةٌ وَصَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ وَقُلِ اللهمَّ أَوْسِعْ عَلَيَّ مِنْ رِزْقِكَ الْحَلالِ مَا أَكُفُّ بِهِ وَجْهِي وَأُؤَدِّي بِهِ عَنْ أَمَانَتِي وَأَصِلُ بِهِ رَحِمِي وَيَكُونُ عَوْناً لِي فِي الْحَجِّ وَالْعُمْرَةِ وَقَالَ إِنَّ رَجُلاً دَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ فَصَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ سَأَلَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) عَجَّلَ الْعَبْدُ رَبَّهُ وَجَاءَ آخَرُ فَصَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ أَثْنَى عَلَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَصَلَّى عَلَى النَّبِيِّ وَآلِهِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) سَلْ تُعْطَ.


6. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from ‘Iys ibn al-Qasim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Whenever anyone of you wishes to ask for help he should praise his Lord and thank Him. When a man wants to ask a king for something, he prepares to say the best of words that he can. When you like to ask for help, speak of the Glory of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Compelling, thank Him and praise Him saying, “O the Most Generous in granting favors and the Best to be asked for help. O the Most Kind to those who ask for kindness, O the only One and Self-sufficient. O the One Who has no children and is not born from anyone and there is no one as His partner. O the One Who has no companion and children. O the One Who does as He wishes, commands as He wills and judges as He loves. O the One Who stands between a man and his heart, O the One Who is in a high position, O the One in Whose likeness there is no creature, O the Hearing, and the Seeing.” Speak of the names of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy; they are many and ask from Him favors for Muhammad and his family and then say, ‘O Lord, extend for me of Your lawful supplies with which I can save my face, return safely what is entrusted with me, maintain good relations with relatives and be helpful in my Hajj and ‘Umrah.’ The Imam said, ‘Once a man came in the Mosque, performed two Rak’at (prayer consisting of twice kneeling) then asked Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, for help and the Messenger of Allah said, ‘The servant (of Allah) hastened his Lord.’ Then another man came in and prayed two Rak’at then he praised Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, and asked from Him favors for the Holy Prophet and his family and the Messenger of Allah said, ‘Ask for help you will receive it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/64)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي كَهْمَسٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ دَخَلَ رَجُلٌ الْمَسْجِدَ فَابْتَدَأَ قَبْلَ الثَّنَاءِ عَلَى الله وَالصَّلاةِ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) عَاجَلَ الْعَبْدُ رَبَّهُ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ آخَرُ فَصَلَّى وَأَثْنَى عَلَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَصَلَّى عَلَى رَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) سَلْ تُعْطَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ فِي كِتَابِ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ الثَّنَاءَ عَلَى الله وَالصَّلاةَ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ قَبْلَ الْمَسْأَلَةِ وَإِنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ لَيَأْتِي الرَّجُلَ يَطْلُبُ الْحَاجَةَ فَيُحِبُّ أَنْ يَقُولَ لَهُ خَيْراً قَبْلَ أَنْ يَسْأَلَهُ حَاجَتَهُ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from abu Kahmas who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘Once a man came to the Mosque and he began without praising Allah and asking from Him favors for the Holy Prophet. The Messenger of Allah said, ‘The servant (of Allah) hastened his Lord.’ Then another man came in and prayed, praised Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, and asked favors from Him for the Messenger of Allah. The Messenger of Allah said, ‘Ask for help you will receive it.’ Thereafter the Imam said, ‘It is in the book of Ali (a.s.) “Praising Allah and asking favors from Him for the Messenger of Allah should come before asking for help. When anyone comes to a man to request a favor, he loves to say to him the best words to him before asking for help.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/71)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ آيَتَانِ فِي كِتَابِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَطْلُبُهُمَا فَلا أَجِدُهُمَا قَالَ وَمَا هُمَا قُلْتُ قَوْلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ادْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ فَنَدْعُوهُ وَلا نَرَى إِجَابَةً قَالَ أَ فَتَرَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَخْلَفَ وَعْدَهُ قُلْتُ لا قَالَ فَمِمَّ ذَلِكَ قُلْتُ لا أَدْرِي قَالَ لَكِنِّي أُخْبِرُكَ مَنْ أَطَاعَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فِيمَا أَمَرَهُ ثُمَّ دَعَاهُ مِنْ جِهَةِ الدُّعَاءِ أَجَابَهُ قُلْتُ وَمَا جِهَةِ الدُّعَاءِ قَالَ تَبْدَأُ فَتَحْمَدُ الله وَتَذْكُرُ نِعَمَهُ عِنْدَكَ ثُمَّ تَشْكُرُهُ ثُمَّ تُصَلِّي عَلَى النَّبِيِّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) ثُمَّ تَذْكُرُ ذُنُوبَكَ فَتُقِرُّ بِهَا ثُمَّ تَسْتَعِيذُ مِنْهَا فَهَذَا جِهَةُ الدُّعَاءِ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَمَا الآيَةُ الأخْرَى قُلْتُ قَوْلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَما أَنْفَقْتُمْ مِنْ شَيْ‏ءٍ فَهُوَ يُخْلِفُهُ وَهُوَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ وَإِنِّي أُنْفِقُ وَلا أَرَى خَلَفاً قَالَ أَ فَتَرَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَخْلَفَ وَعْدَهُ قُلْتُ لا قَالَ فَمِمَّ ذَلِكَ قُلْتُ لا أَدْرِي قَالَ لَوْ أَنَّ أَحَدَكُمُ اكْتَسَبَ الْمَالَ مِنْ حِلِّهِ وَأَنْفَقَهُ فِي حِلِّهِ لَمْ يُنْفِقْ دِرْهَماً إِلا أُخْلِفَ عَلَيْهِ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from those whom he has mentioned (in his book) who has said the following: “Once I said to abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘There are two verses in the book of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, that I search for but I do not find them, (their meaning).’ The Imam aked, ‘What are they?’ I said, ‘They are the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, “Call Me (for help) and I will answer you.’” (40:60) We call Him and pray to Him but do not see any answer.’ The Imam asked, ‘Do you think He, Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ignores His promise?’ I said, ‘No, He does not ignore it.’ The Imam asked, ‘Why is that then?’ I said, ‘I do not know.’ The Imam said, ‘I will tell you about it. Whoever obeys Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, in whatever He has commanded and then prays to Him the way prayer should be done He answers them.’ I then asked, ‘What is the way of prayer?’ The Imam said, ‘Begin the prayer by praising Allah, recall His bounties with you, thank Him, ask favors from Him for the Holy Prophet, recall your sins and confess them then seek refuge against them and such is the way of praying.’ Then the Imam said, ‘What is the other verse?’ I said, ‘It is the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ‘. . .He will replace whatever you spend for His cause and He is the best provider of sustanance,’ (34:39) I spend but do not see any replacement.’ The Imam said, ‘Do you think Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has ignored His promise?’ I said, ‘No.’ The Imam asked, ‘Why is that then?’ I said, ‘I do not know.’ The Imam said, ‘If anyone of you earns something in lawful ways and spends it in a lawful way, every dirham (unit of money) is replaced.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/72)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ سَرَّهُ أَنْ يُسْتَجَابَ لَهُ دَعْوَتُهُ فَلْيُطِبْ مَكْسَبَهُ.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Asbat from those whom he has mentioned (in his book) from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Whoever of you wants his prayer answered must make his earning clean.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/74)