78. Greeting with Handshake

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ زَكَرِيَّا عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ قَالَ كُنْتُ زَمِيلَ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) وَكُنْتُ أَبْدَأُ بِالرُّكُوبِ ثُمَّ يَرْكَبُ هُوَ فَإِذَا اسْتَوَيْنَا سَلَّمَ وَسَاءَلَ مُسَاءَلَةَ رَجُلٍ لا عَهْدَ لَهُ بِصَاحِبِهِ وَصَافَحَ قَالَ وَكَانَ إِذَا نَزَلَ نَزَلَ قَبْلِي فَإِذَا اسْتَوَيْتُ أَنَا وَهُوَ عَلَى الأرْضِ سَلَّمَ وَسَاءَلَ مُسَاءَلَةَ مَنْ لا عَهْدَ لَهُ بِصَاحِبِهِ فَقُلْتُ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ الله إِنَّكَ لَتَفْعَلُ شَيْئاً مَا يَفْعَلُهُ أَحَدُ مَنْ قِبَلَنَا وَإِنْ فَعَلَ مَرَّةً فَكَثِيرٌ فَقَالَ أَ مَا عَلِمْتَ مَا فِي الْمُصَافَحَةِ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَيْنِ يَلْتَقِيَانِ فَيُصَافِحُ أَحَدُهُمَا صَاحِبَهُ فَلا تَزَالُ الذُّنُوبُ تَتَحَاتُّ عَنْهُمَا كَمَا يَتَحَاتُّ الْوَرَقُ عَنِ الشَّجَرِ وَالله يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهَا حَتَّى يَفْتَرِقَا.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from Tha’labah ibn Mayamun from Yahya ibn Zakariya from abu ‘Ubaydah who has said the following: “’Ubaydah has said, ‘Once I was a partner of abu Ja’far (a.s.) on a journey. During the journey, first I would take my seat in the carriage set up on the back of the carry animal and then he would take his seat. He after settling down on his place properly would offer me the greeting of peace and ask a question like a person who has never met the other person. He would also shake hands. ’ The narrator has said, ‘He after dismounting would do so before me and after finding our places on the ground he would offer the greeting of peace and ask questions like he had never met me.’ 1 then said, ‘O descendent of the Messenger of Allah, you do things that no one before us has done. Doing (such formalities) only once is more than enough.’ The Imam asked, ‘Do you know what is in a handshake? The believers meet and shake hands, the sins continue falling off of them just like leaves fall off the trees, and Allah looks upon them until they depart from each other.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/61)



2ـ عَنْهُ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ أَبِي خَالِدٍ الْقَمَّاطِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَيْنِ إِذَا الْتَقَيَا وَتَصَافَحَا أَدْخَلَ الله يَدَهُ بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمَا فَصَافَحَ أَشَدَّهُمَا حُبّاً لِصَاحِبِهِ.


2. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from ibn Faddal from Ali ibn ‘Uqbah from abu Khalid al-Qammat from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: ‘‘When the believing people meet and shake hands Allah inserts His hand between their hands and shakes hands with the one whose love for his brother (in belief) is more intense.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/62)



3ـ ابْنُ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ عَنِ السَّمَيْدَعِ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ الْجُهَنِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَيْنِ إِذَا الْتَقَيَا فَتَصَافَحَا أَدْخَلَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَدَهُ بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمَا وَأَقْبَلَ بِوَجْهِهِ عَلَى أَشَدِّهِمَا حُبّاً لِصَاحِبِهِ فَإِذَا أَقْبَلَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِوَجْهِهِ عَلَيْهِمَا تَحَاتَّتْ عَنْهُمَا الذُّنُوبُ كَمَا يَتَحَاتُّ الْوَرَقُ مِنَ الشَّجَرِ.


3. Ibn Faddal has narrated from Ali ibn ‘Uqbah from Ayyub from al-Sumayda’ from Malik ibn ‘A’Yun al-Juhni from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: ‘When two believing people meet and shake hands Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, inserts His hand between their hands and faces the one whose love for his brother (in belief) is more intense. When Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, turns His face to them their sins begin to fall like leaves from trees.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/63)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ الْحَذَّاءِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَيْنِ إِذَا الْتَقَيَا فَتَصَافَحَا أَقْبَلَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَلَيْهِمَا بِوَجْهِهِ وَتَسَاقَطَتْ عَنْهُمَا الذُّنُوبُ كَمَا يَتَسَاقَطُ الْوَرَقُ مِنَ الشَّجَرِ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn Salim from abu ‘Ubaydah al-Hadhdha’ from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: ‘‘When two believing people meet and shake hands Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, turns His face (direction, aspect) to them and sins began to fall from them like leaves fall from trees.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/64)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ الْجَمَّالِ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ الْحَذَّاءِ قَالَ زَامَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فِي شِقِّ مَحْمِلٍ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ إِلَى مَكَّةَ فَنَزَلَ فِي بَعْضِ الطَّرِيقِ فَلَمَّا قَضَى حَاجَتَهُ وَعَادَ قَالَ هَاتِ يَدَكَ يَا أَبَا عُبَيْدَةَ فَنَاوَلْتُهُ يَدِي فَغَمَزَهَا حَتَّى وَجَدْتُ الأذَى فِي أَصَابِعِي ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا أَبَا عُبَيْدَةَ مَا مِنْ مُسْلِمٍ لَقِيَ أَخَاهُ الْمُسْلِمَ فَصَافَحَهُ وَشَبَّكَ أَصَابِعَهُ فِي أَصَابِعِهِ إِلا تَنَاثَرَتْ عَنْهُمَا ذُنُوبُهُمَا كَمَا يَتَنَاثَرُ الْوَرَقُ مِنَ الشَّجَرِ فِي الْيَوْمِ الشَّاتِي.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from Safwan al-Jammal from abu ‘Ubaydah al- Hadhdha’ who has said the following: “Once I was a partner of abu Ja’far (a.s.) on a journey on one side of the carriage on the camel from Madina to Makka. On the way he dismounted for rest and, when he returned, he asked me for a handshake. He squeezed my hand so hard that my fingers began to hurt. He then said, ‘O abu ‘Ubaydah, when two Muslims meet, shake hands and crisscross their fingers, their sins begin to fall from them like leaves fall from trees on a fall day.’”




6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ يَحْيَى الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ مَالِكٍ الْجُهَنِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَا مَالِكُ أَنْتُمْ شِيعَتُنَا أَ لا تَرَى أَنَّكَ تُفْرِطُ فِي أَمْرِنَا إِنَّهُ لا يُقْدَرُ عَلَى صِفَةِ الله فَكَمَا لا يُقْدَرُ عَلَى صِفَةِ الله كَذَلِكَ لا يُقْدَرُ عَلَى صِفَتِنَا وَكَمَا لا يُقْدَرُ عَلَى صِفَتِنَا كَذَلِكَ لا يُقْدَرُ عَلَى صِفَةِ الْمُؤْمِنِ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ لَيَلْقَى الْمُؤْمِنَ فَيُصَافِحُهُ فَلا يَزَالُ الله يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِمَا وَالذُّنُوبُ تَتَحَاتُّ عَنْ وُجُوهِهِمَا كَمَا يَتَحَاتُّ الْوَرَقُ مِنَ الشَّجَرِ حَتَّى يَفْتَرِقَا فَكَيْفَ يُقْدَرُ عَلَى صِفَةِ مَنْ هُوَ كَذَلِكَ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from Yahya al-Halabi from Malik al-Juhni who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far (a.s.) once said to me, ‘O Malik, you are of our followers (Shi’a). Are you aware that you go to extremes in our cause? No one is able to describe Allah. Just as no one is able to describe Allah, no one is able to describe us. Just as no one is able to describe us, no one is able to describe the believer. When a believer meets the believer and shakes hands, Allah continues looking at them and sins fall from their faces like leaves fall from trees until they depart each other. How then is one able to describe one who is as such?’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (64/ 9)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ فُضَيْلٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ زَامَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَحَطَطْنَا الرَّحْلَ ثُمَّ مَشَى قَلِيلاً ثُمَّ جَاءَ فَأَخَذَ بِيَدِي فَغَمَزَهَا غَمْزَةً شَدِيدَةً فَقُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ أَ وَمَا كُنْتُ مَعَكَ فِي الْمَحْمِلِ فَقَالَ أَ مَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ إِذَا جَالَ جَوْلَةً ثُمَّ أَخَذَ بِيَدِ أَخِيهِ نَظَرَ الله إِلَيْهِمَا بِوَجْهِهِ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ مُقْبِلاً عَلَيْهِمَا بِوَجْهِهِ وَيَقُولُ لِلذُّنُوبِ تَحَاتَّ عَنْهُمَا فَتَتَحَاتُّ يَا أَبَا حَمْزَةَ كَمَا يَتَحَاتُّ الْوَرَقُ عَنِ الشَّجَرِ فَيَفْتَرِقَانِ وَمَا عَلَيْهِمَا مِنْ ذَنْبٍ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz from Muhammad ibn Fudayl from abu Hamza who has said the following: “Once I was a partner of abu Ja’far (a.s.) on a journey. On the way we unloaded our luggage and he walked a little and came back, held my hand and squeezed it hard. I asked, ‘May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, ‘Was I not with you in the carriage?’ The Imam asked, ‘Did you not know that when the believer comes around, and holds the hand of his brother (in belief), Allah faces them and looks at them. He continues facing them and says to the sins to fall off of them and they began to fall, O abu Hamza, like leaves that fall from trees. They then depart and there no sins will be left on them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/66)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ حَدِّ الْمُصَافَحَةِ فَقَالَ دَوْرُ نَخْلَةٍ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn Salim who has said the following: “Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘How often is this handshake?’ The Imam said, ‘It is just after going around a palm tree.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (66/ 9)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ الأفْرَقِ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ يَنْبَغِي لِلْمُؤْمِنَيْنِ إِذَا تَوَارَى أَحَدُهُمَا عَنْ صَاحِبِهِ بِشَجَرَةٍ ثُمَّ الْتَقَيَا أَنْ يَتَصَافَحَا.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ‘Amr ibn al-Afraq from abu ‘Ubaydah from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “It is a good idea for the believers to shake each other’s hands after one of them remains out of sight, even because of a tree in between.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور معتبر عند ي - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (66/ 9)



10ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُثَنَّى عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِذَا لَقِيَ أَحَدُكُمْ أَخَاهُ فَلْيُسَلِّمْ عَلَيْهِ وَلْيُصَافِحْهُ فَإِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَكْرَمَ بِذَلِكَ الْمَلائِكَةَ فَاصْنَعُوا صُنْعَ الْمَلائِكَةِ.


10. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from certain individuals of his people from Muhammad ibn al-Muthanna from his father from ‘Uthman ibn Zayd from Jabir from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Whenever any of you meets his Muslim brother (in belief) he should offer him the greeting of peace and shake his hand; Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has honored the angels with it and you should also do what the angels do.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/67)



11ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنِ ابْنِ بَقَّاحٍ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِذَا الْتَقَيْتُمْ فَتَلاقَوْا بِالتَّسْلِيمِ وَالتَّصَافُحِ وَإِذَا تَفَرَّقْتُمْ فَتَفَرَّقُوا بِالإسْتِغْفَارِ.


11. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Muhammad ibn Ali from abu Baqqah from Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from ‘Amr ibn Shamir from Jabir from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Whenever you meet, you should do so by offering the greeting of peace and shaking hands and depart each other with a plea to Allah for forgiveness.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/67)



12ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ وَهْبٍ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ عَنْ رَزِينٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ إِذَا غَزَوْا مَعَ رَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) وَمَرُّوا بِمَكَانٍ كَثِيرِ الشَّجَرِ ثُمَّ خَرَجُوا إِلَى الْفَضَاءِ نَظَرَ بَعْضُهُمْ إِلَى بَعْضٍ فَتَصَافَحُوا.


12. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Musa ibn al-Qasim from his grandfather, Mu’awiyah ibn Wahab or from others from Razin from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “During an armed expedition the Muslims, along with the Messenger of Allah, each time after passing through a wooded area on reaching the open would look at each other and shake hands.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (67/ 9)



13ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ الْجَهْمِ الْهِلالِيِّ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا صَافَحَ الرَّجُلُ صَاحِبَهُ فَالَّذِي يَلْزَمُ التَّصَافُحَ أَعْظَمُ أَجْراً مِنَ الَّذِي يَدَعُ أَلا وَإِنَّ الذُّنُوبَ لَتَتَحَاتُّ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُمْ حَتَّى لا يَبْقَى ذَنْبٌ.


13. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from his father from those who narrated to him from Zayd ibn al-Jahm al-Hilali from Malik ibn ‘Ayun from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “When two people shake hands, the one who continues holding his hand will receive greater reward than the one who releases early. However, the sins fall off of them until no sins remain.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (67/ 9)



14ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ الْمُبَارَكِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ جَبَلَةَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَنَظَرَ إِلَيَّ بِوَجْهٍ قَاطِبٍ فَقُلْتُ مَا الَّذِي غَيَّرَكَ لِي قَالَ الَّذِي غَيَّرَكَ لِإِخْوَانِكَ بَلَغَنِي يَا إِسْحَاقُ أَنَّكَ أَقْعَدْتَ بِبَابِكَ بَوَّاباً يَرُدُّ عَنْكَ فُقَرَاءَ الشِّيعَةِ فَقُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنِّي خِفْتُ الشُّهْرَةَ فَقَالَ أَ فَلا خِفْتَ الْبَلِيَّةَ أَ وَمَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَيْنِ إِذَا الْتَقَيَا فَتَصَافَحَا أَنْزَلَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ الرَّحْمَةَ عَلَيْهِمَا فَكَانَتْ تِسْعَةٌ وَتِسْعُونَ لأشَدِّهِمَا حُبّاً لِصَاحِبِهِ فَإِذَا تَوَافَقَا غَمَرَتْهُمَا الرَّحْمَةُ فَإِذَا قَعَدَا يَتَحَدَّثَانِ قَالَ الْحَفَظَةُ بَعْضُهَا لِبَعْضٍ اعْتَزِلُوا بِنَا فَلَعَلَّ لَهُمَا سِرّاً وَقَدْ سَتَرَ الله عَلَيْهِمَا فَقُلْتُ أَ لَيْسَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ ما يَلْفِظُ مِنْ قَوْلٍ إِلا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ فَقَالَ يَا إِسْحَاقُ إِنْ كَانَتِ الْحَفَظَةُ لا تَسْمَعُ فَإِنَّ عَالِمَ السِّرِّ يَسْمَعُ وَيَرَى.


14. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Yahya ibn al- Mubarak from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jabalah from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Once I went to see abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) and he looked at me frowning. I asked, ‘May I know how I have disappointed you?’ The Imam said, ‘It is that which has changed you toward your brothers (in belief). It has come to my notice, O Ishaq, that you have appointed someone at your door to drive away the poor people of the Shi’a (our followers).’ 1 then said, ‘May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, I was afraid of publicity.’ The Imam asked, ‘Why did you not fear misfortune? Did you not know that when two believing people meet and shake each other’s hands Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, sends blessings upon them and ninety-nine parts of the reward go to the one who loves his believing brother (in belief) more intensely. If they love equally blessings (of Allah) encompass them both? When they sit to speak to each other the guardian angels will say to each other, ‘Leave them alone, perhaps they have certain secret matters to discuss, and Allah has provided cover for them.’ I then said, ‘Has Allah not said, ‘. . . since the two scribes are sitting on each of his shoulders, he does not utter a word that is not recorded immediately by the watchful scribes.’ (50:17) The Imam said, ‘O Ishaq, if the scribes do not hear, the One who know all secrets hears and sees.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (68/ 9)



15ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ أَيْمَنَ بْنِ مُحْرِزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَا صَافَحَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) رَجُلاً قَطُّ فَنَزَعَ يَدَهُ حَتَّى يَكُونَ هُوَ الَّذِي يَنْزِعُ يَدَهُ مِنْهُ.


15. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Isma’il ibn Mehran from Ayman ibn Muhriz from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “When shaking hands with people, the Messenger of Allah had never been the first to discontinue the handshake.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/70)



16ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ رِبْعِيٍّ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لا يُوصَفُ وَكَيْفَ يُوصَفُ وَقَالَ فِي كِتَابِهِ وَما قَدَرُوا الله حَقَّ قَدْرِهِ فَلا يُوصَفُ بِقَدَرٍ إِلا كَانَ أَعْظَمَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ وَإِنَّ النَّبِيَّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) لا يُوصَفُ وَكَيْفَ يُوصَفُ عَبْدٌ احْتَجَبَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِسَبْعٍ وَجَعَلَ طَاعَتَهُ فِي الأرْضِ كَطَاعَتِهِ فِي السَّمَاءِ فَقَالَ وَما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا وَمَنْ أَطَاعَ هَذَا فَقَدْ أَطَاعَنِي وَمَنْ عَصَاهُ فَقَدْ عَصَانِي وَفَوَّضَ إِلَيْهِ وَإِنَّا لا نُوصَفُ وَكَيْفَ يُوصَفُ قَوْمٌ رَفَعَ الله عَنْهُمُ الرِّجْسَ وَهُوَ الشَّكُّ وَالْمُؤْمِنُ لا يُوصَفُ وَإِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ لَيَلْقَى أَخَاهُ فَيُصَافِحُهُ فَلا يَزَالُ الله يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِمَا وَالذُّنُوبُ تَتَحَاتُّ عَنْ وُجُوهِهِمَا كَمَا يَتَحَاتُّ الْوَرَقُ عَنِ الشَّجَرِ.


16. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Rib’i from Zurara who has said the following: “I heard abu Ja’far (a.s.) saying, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, cannot be described and how can He be described when He says in His book, “They have not revered (honored and respected) Allah properly. . . .” (22:74) He cannot be described through measurement. He is greater than such measures of respect. The Holy Prophet cannot be described and respected. How can a servant (of Allah) be described whom Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has veiled with seven things (no explanation for this seven is available). He has made obedience to him on earth like the obedience to His own self in heavens saying, ‘Take only what the Messenger gives to you and desist from what he forbids you,’ (59:7) whoever obeys him has obeyed Me and whoever disobeys him has disobeyed Me. He (Allah) made him to be the in charge person of the affairs. We also cannot be described and how can a people be described from whom Allah has removed all rijs (uncleanness), which, applies to doubt (doubt is uncleanness). The believing people also cannot be described. When the believer meets his brother (in belief) and they shake hands Allah continues looking at them and the sins fall from their faces like leaves fall off trees.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (70/ 9)



17ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِذَا الْتَقَى الْمُؤْمِنَانِ فَتَصَافَحَا أَقْبَلَ الله بِوَجْهِهِ عَلَيْهِمَا وَتَتَحَاتُّ الذُّنُوبُ عَنْ وُجُوهِهِمَا حَتَّى يَفْتَرِقَا.


17. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Nu’man from Fudayl ibn ‘Uthman from abu ‘Ubaydah who has said the following: “I heard abu Ja’far (a.s.) saying, ‘When two believing people meet and shake hands, Allah turns to them with His face and sins began to fall from their faces until they depart from each other.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (72/ 9)



18ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ تَصَافَحُوا فَإِنَّهَا تَذْهَبُ بِالسَّخِيمَةِ.


18. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfali from al-Sakuni from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Do shake hands, it removes jealousy.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على الشهر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/73)



19ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأشْعَرِيِّ عَنِ ابْنِ الْقَدَّاحِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لَقِيَ النَّبِيُّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) حُذَيْفَةَ فَمَدَّ النَّبِيُّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) يَدَهُ فَكَفَّ حُذَيْفَةُ يَدَهُ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) يَا حُذَيْفَةُ بَسَطْتُ يَدِي إِلَيْكَ فَكَفَفْتَ يَدَكَ عَنِّي فَقَالَ حُذَيْفَةُ يَا رَسُولَ الله بِيَدِكَ الرَّغْبَةُ وَلَكِنِّي كُنْتُ جُنُباً فَلَمْ أُحِبَّ أَنْ تَمَسَّ يَدِي يَدَكَ وَأَنَا جُنُبٌ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) أَ مَا تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ الْمُسْلِمَيْنِ إِذَا الْتَقَيَا فَتَصَافَحَا تَحَاتَّتْ ذُنُوبُهُمَا كَمَا يَتَحَاتُّ وَرَقُ الشَّجَرِ.


19. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ja’far ibn Muhammad al-Ash’ari from ibn al-Qaddah from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Holy Prophet once met Hudhayfah and he extended his hand, but Hudhayfah held his hand back. The Holy Prophet asked, ‘How is it, O Hudhayfah, that I extended my hand to you and you held your hand back?’ Hudhayfah then said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, your hand is attractive but 1 had not taken the shower that was required of me due to carnal relations and I did not like to touch your hand with my hand that is not formally cleansed.’ The Holy Prophet then said, ‘Did you not know that when the Muslims meet and shake hands, their sins fall from them like leaves from trees?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على الشه ر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/73)



20ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ بَكْرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لا يَقْدِرُ أَحَدٌ قَدْرَهُ وَكَذَلِكَ لا يَقْدِرُ قَدْرَ نَبِيِّهِ وَكَذَلِكَ لا يَقْدِرُ قَدْرَ الْمُؤْمِنِ إِنَّهُ لَيَلْقَى أَخَاهُ فَيُصَافِحُهُ فَيَنْظُرُ الله إِلَيْهِمَا وَالذُّنُوبُ تَتَحَاتُّ عَنْ وُجُوهِهِمَا حَتَّى يَفْتَرِقَا كَمَا تَتَحَاتُّ الرِّيحَ الشَّدِيدَةَ الْوَرَقُ عَنِ الشَّجَرِ.


20. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ahmad ibn Ishaq from Bakr ibn Muhammad from Ishaq ibn ‘ Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘No one is able to describe Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, as He should be described. In the same way His Holy Prophet cannot be described. Also, the importance of the believing people cannot be described. When he meets his brother (in belief) and shakes hands, Allah looks toward them and sins began to fall from their faces like strong wind blows away leaves from trees, until they depart each other.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (73/ 9)



21ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ رِفَاعَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ مُصَافَحَةُ الْمُؤْمِنِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ مُصَافَحَةِ الْمَلائِكَةِ.


21. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from Rifa’a who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘A handshake of believing people is better than a handshake of angels.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/74)