29. The Noble Qualities (of Man)

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْهَيْثَمِ بْنِ أَبِي مَسْرُوقٍ عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ شَعِرٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الْمَكَارِمُ عَشْرٌ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تَكُونَ فِيكَ فَلْتَكُنْ فَإِنَّهَا تَكُونُ فِي الرَّجُلِ وَلا تَكُونُ فِي وَلَدِهِ وَتَكُونُ فِي الْوَلَدِ وَلا تَكُونُ فِي أَبِيهِ وَتَكُونُ فِي الْعَبْدِ وَلا تَكُونُ فِي الْحُرِّ قِيلَ وَمَا هُنَّ قَالَ صِدْقُ الْبَأْسِ وَصِدْقُ اللِّسَانِ وَأَدَاءُ الأمَانَةِ وَصِلَةُ الرَّحِمِ وَإِقْرَاءُ الضَّيْفِ وَإِطْعَامُ السَّائِلِ وَالْمُكَافَأَةُ عَلَى الصَّنَائِعِ وَالتَّذَمُّمُ لِلْجَارِ وَالتَّذَمُّمُ لِلصَّاحِبِ وَرَأْسُهُنَّ الْحَيَاءُ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hatham ibn abu Masruq from Yazid ibn Ishaq Sha’ar from al-Husayn ibn al- ‘Atiyah from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Noble (human) qualities are ten. If you can establish all of them so be it. Such qualities may be found in a man but may not be found in his children. They may be found in the children but not in the father. At times they are found in a slave person but not in a free one.’ It was asked, ‘What are these noble qualities?’ The Imam said they are: ‘Losing all hope in the true sense for receiving help from anyone other than Allah, truthfulness of tongue, returning the trust (safely), maintaining good relations with relatives, entertaining guests, feeding the needy, making up for favors in a proper corresponding manner, keeping up with one’s responsibilities toward the neighbors and with one’s companion, and the head of such qualities is bashfulness.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/343)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ خَصَّ رُسُلَهُ بِمَكَارِمِ الأخْلاقِ فَامْتَحِنُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ فَإِنْ كَانَتْ فِيكُمْ فَاحْمَدُوا الله وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ ذَلِكَ مِنْ خَيْرٍ وَإِنْ لا تَكُنْ فِيكُمْ فَاسْأَلُوا الله وَارْغَبُوا إِلَيْهِ فِيهَا قَالَ فَذَكَرَهَا عَشَرَةً الْيَقِينَ وَالْقَنَاعَةَ وَالصَّبْرَ وَالشُّكْرَ وَالْحِلْمَ وَحُسْنَ الْخُلُقِ وَالسَّخَاءَ وَالْغَيْرَةَ وَالشَّجَاعَةَ وَالْمُرُوءَةَ قَالَ وَرَوَى بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْدَ هَذِهِ الْخِصَالِ الْعَشَرَةِ وَزَادَ فِيهَا الصِّدْقَ وَأَدَاءَ الأمَانَةِ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muskan from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, chose His messengers for noble moral (human) qualities. You must test yourselves. If you find the noble qualities in you then be thankful to Allah and understand that it is of goodness. If you do not find them in you, then pray to Allah to grant them to you and show Him that you are interested in having them. The narrator has said that the Imam counted the noble qualities up to ten: They consist of Certainty, Contentment, Patience, Thankfulness, Forbearance, Good Moral Behavior, Generosity, Dignity, Bravery and Kindness. “Certain narrators have listed other qualities after the above- mentioned ones and have added to them Truthfulness and Keeping Trust.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق وآخره مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (347/ 7)



3ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ بَكْرِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْهَاشِمِيِّ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ عَبَّادٍ قَالَ بَكْرٌ وَأَظُنُّنِي قَدْ سَمِعْتُهُ مِنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّا لَنُحِبُّ مَنْ كَانَ عَاقِلاً فَهِماً فَقِيهاً حَلِيماً مُدَارِياً صَبُوراً صَدُوقاً وَفِيّاً إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ خَصَّ الأنْبِيَاءَ بِمَكَارِمِ الأخْلاقِ فَمَنْ كَانَتْ فِيهِ فَلْيَحْمَدِ الله عَلَى ذَلِكَ وَمَنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ فِيهِ فَلْيَتَضَرَّعْ إِلَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَلْيَسْأَلْهُ إِيَّاهَا قَالَ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ وَمَا هُنَّ قَالَ هُنَّ الْوَرَعُ وَالْقَنَاعَةُ وَالصَّبْرُ وَالشُّكْرُ وَالْحِلْمُ وَالْحَيَاءُ وَالسَّخَاءُ وَالشَّجَاعَةُ وَالْغَيْرَةُ وَالْبِرُّ وَصِدْقُ الْحَدِيثِ وَأَدَاءُ الأمَانَةِ.


3. It is narrated from him from Bakr ibn Salih from Ja’far ibn Muhammad al- Hashimi from Isma’il ‘Abbad who has said that perhaps he has heard it from Isma’il from ‘Abd Allah ibn Bukayr from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “We certainly love a person of reason, of good understanding, who has good knowledge and understanding of the law, who is forbearing, who is kind, who bears patience, who is truthful and who is loyal. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has chosen the prophets for noble moral (human) qualities. Whoever has them (noble qualities) should be thankful to Allah. Whoever does not have them he must pray humbly to Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, and request Him to grant them to him. “I (the narrator) then said, ‘May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, what are the noble qualities?’ “The Imam said, ‘They consist of restraint from indulging in worldly matters, to be content, to bear patience, to be thankful, to be forbearing, to be bashful, to be generous, to have dignity, to be virtuous, to be truthful in one’s words and to be trustworthy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/349)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ارْتَضَى لَكُمُ الإسْلامَ دِيناً فَأَحْسِنُوا صُحْبَتَهُ بِالسَّخَاءِ وَحُسْنِ الْخُلُقِ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from certain individuals of his people from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has chosen Islam to be your religion. Keep good company with your religion by means of exercising generosity and good moral behavior.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (351/ 7)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) الإيمَانُ أَرْبَعَةُ أَرْكَانٍ الرِّضَا بِقَضَاءِ الله وَالتَّوَكُّلُ عَلَى الله وَتَفْوِيضُ الأمْرِ إِلَى الله وَالتَّسْلِيمُ لأمْرِ الله.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfali from al-Sakuni from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Amir al-Mu’minin (Ali ibn abu Talib) has said, ‘Belief has four pillars. They consist of agreeing with the decision of Allah, trusting Allah, choosing Allah to be the person in charge of all affairs and submission to the command of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (351/ 7)



6ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مِنْ بَنِي هَاشِمٍ قَالَ أَرْبَعٌ مَنْ كُنَّ فِيهِ كَمَلَ إِسْلامُهُ وَلَوْ كَانَ مِنْ قَرْنِهِ إِلَى قَدَمِهِ خَطَايَا لَمْ تَنْقُصْهُ الصِّدْقُ وَالْحَيَاءُ وَحُسْنُ الْخُلُقِ وَالشُّكْرُ.


6. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla ibn Muhammad from al- Hassan ibn Ali from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan from a man from Banu Hashim who has said the following: “If four things are found in a person his Islam is perfect, even though he may be fdled with sins from his top to his toes it will not harm him. They consist of Truthfulness, Bashfulness, Good Moral Behavior and Thankfulness.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/352)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) أَ لا أُخْبِرُكُمْ بِخَيْرِ رِجَالِكُمْ قُلْنَا بَلَى يَا رَسُولَ الله قَالَ إِنَّ مِنْ خَيْرِ رِجَالِكُمُ التَّقِيَّ النَّقِيَّ السَّمْحَ الْكَفَّيْنِ النَّقِيَّ الطَّرَفَيْنِ الْبَرَّ بِوَالِدَيْهِ وَلا يُلْجِئُ عِيَالَهُ إِلَى غَيْرِهِ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from abu Hamza from Jabir ibn ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah (a.s.) once said, ‘Do you want me to tell you about the best men among you?’ We said, ‘Yes, O, Messenger of Allah, do so.’ He said, ‘The best men among you are the pious, clean, of forgiving hands, clean on both ends (tongue and genitals) who is kind to his parents and does not leave out his dependents to (trouble) others.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (352/ 7)