22. Description of Islam

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا رَفَعَهُ قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) لأنْسُبَنَّ الإسْلامَ نِسْبَةً لا يَنْسُبُهُ أَحَدٌ قَبْلِي وَلا يَنْسُبُهُ أَحَدٌ بَعْدِي إِلا بِمِثْلِ ذَلِكَ إِنَّ الإسْلامَ هُوَ التَّسْلِيمُ وَالتَّسْلِيمَ هُوَ الْيَقِينُ وَالْيَقِينَ هُوَ التَّصْدِيقُ وَالتَّصْدِيقَ هُوَ الإقْرَارُ وَالإقْرَارَ هُوَ الْعَمَلُ وَالْعَمَلَ هُوَ الأدَاءُ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ لَمْ يَأْخُذْ دِينَهُ عَنْ رَأْيِهِ وَلَكِنْ أَتَاهُ مِنْ رَبِّهِ فَأَخَذَهُ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ يُرَى يَقِينُهُ فِي عَمَلِهِ وَالْكَافِرَ يُرَى إِنْكَارُهُ فِي عَمَلِهِ فَوَ الَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ مَا عَرَفُوا أَمْرَهُمْ فَاعْتَبِرُوا إِنْكَارَ الْكَافِرِينَ وَالْمُنَافِقِينَ بِأَعْمَالِهِمُ الْخَبِيثَةِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from certain individuals of our people in a marfu’ manner from Amir al- Mu’minin (Ali ibn abu Talib) who has said the following: “I will describe Islam in a way that no one could have done before or would do after me except just as my description: ‘Islam is submission and submission is certainty. Certainty is affirmation (and confirmation). Affirmation is professing. Professing is action. Action and deeds are completion and remittance. A believer does not take his religion from his own personal opinion. It comes from his Lord and he accepts it. A believer finds his certainty in his deeds. An unbeliever finds his rejection in his deeds. I swear by the One in whose hands is my soul, they did not recognize their goal. Take a lesson from the case of the filthy deeds of the unbelievers and the hypocrites.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/282)



2ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ مُدْرِكِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) الإسْلامُ عُرْيَانٌ فَلِبَاسُهُ الْحَيَاءُ وَزِينَتُهُ الْوَقَارُ وَمُرُوءَتُهُ الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ وَعِمَادُهُ الْوَرَعُ وَلِكُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ أَسَاسٌ وَأَسَاسُ الإسْلامِ حُبُّنَا أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ. عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ مُدْرِكِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مِثْلَهُ.


2. It is narrated from him from his father from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Qasim from Mudrik ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Islam is bare. Its dress is bashfulness, dignity is its ornament, virtuous deeds are its kindness and strict following of law is its support. Everything has a foundation. The foundation of Islam is loving us, Ahl al- Bayt .’” Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ali ibn Ma’bad from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Qasim from Murik ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman from abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant: a similar Hadith.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف بسندي ه - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (288/ 7)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَظِيمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله الْحَسَنِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ الثَّانِي (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِمْ قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِنَّ الله خَلَقَ الإسْلامَ فَجَعَلَ لَهُ عَرْصَةً وَجَعَلَ لَهُ نُوراً وَجَعَلَ لَهُ حِصْناً وَجَعَلَ لَهُ نَاصِراً فَأَمَّا عَرْصَتُهُ فَالْقُرْآنُ وَأَمَّا نُورُهُ فَالْحِكْمَةُ وَأَمَّا حِصْنُهُ فَالْمَعْرُوفُ وَأَمَّا أَنْصَارُهُ فَأَنَا وَأَهْلُ بَيْتِي وَشِيعَتُنَا فَأَحِبُّوا أَهْلَ بَيْتِي وَشِيعَتَهُمْ وَأَنْصَارَهُمْ فَإِنَّهُ لَمَّا أُسْرِيَ بِي إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا فَنَسَبَنِي جَبْرَئِيلُ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) لأهْلِ السَّمَاءِ اسْتَوْدَعَ الله حُبِّي وَحُبَّ أَهْلِ بَيْتِي وَشِيعَتِهِمْ فِي قُلُوبِ الْمَلائِكَةِ فَهُوَ عِنْدَهُمْ وَدِيعَةٌ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ثُمَّ هَبَطَ بِي إِلَى أَهْلِ الأرْضِ فَنَسَبَنِي إِلَى أَهْلِ الأرْضِ فَاسْتَوْدَعَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ حُبِّي وَحُبَّ أَهْلِ بَيْتِي وَشِيعَتِهِمْ فِي قُلُوبِ مُؤْمِنِي أُمَّتِي فَمُؤْمِنُو أُمَّتِي يَحْفَظُونَ وَدِيعَتِي فِي أَهْلِ بَيْتِي إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ أَلا فَلَوْ أَنَّ الرَّجُلَ مِنْ أُمَّتِي عَبَدَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عُمُرَهُ أَيَّامَ الدُّنْيَا ثُمَّ لَقِيَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مُبْغِضاً لأهْلِ بَيْتِي وَشِيعَتِي مَا فَرَّجَ الله صَدْرَهُ إِلا عَنِ النِّفَاقِ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Abd al-‘Azim from ‘Abd Allah al-Hassani from Abu Ja’far al-Thani (a.s.) from his father from his grandfather (a.s.) who has said the following: “Amir al-Mu’minin (Ali ibn abu Talib) (a.s.) has said that the Messenger of Allah said, ‘Allah created Islam and made for it a backyard and front-yard, a light, a fortress and supporter. Its backyard and front-yard are the Holy Quran. Wisdom is its light. Lawfulness is its fortress. My Ahl al-Bayt (my family), our Shi’a (followers) and I are its supporters. You must love my Ahl al-Bayt (members of my family), their followers (Shi’a) and their supporters. When I was taken to heaven above the earth, Gibril introduced me to its inhabitants. Allah entrusted the love for me, my Ahl al-Bayt and their followers (Shi’a) to the hearts of the angels. It is with them in trust until the Day of Judgment. Then I was brought to earth and he introduced me to the inhabitants of earth. Allah entrusted the love for me, my Ahl al-Bayt and their followers (Shi’a) to the hearts of the believers of my people. They will keep my trust and the trust of my Ahl al-Bayt until the Day of Judgment. One must know that if a man of my people would worship Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, all the time of his life and then would meet Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, while hating my Ahl al-Bayt and my followers (Shi’a) Allah will not open his chest for anything but in hypocrisy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح بل صحيح عند ي - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (289/ 7)