21. Degrees of Belief (Additional)

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1ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبَانٍ عَنْ شِهَابٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ لَوْ عَلِمَ النَّاسُ كَيْفَ خَلَقَ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى هَذَا الْخَلْقَ لَمْ يَلُمْ أَحَدٌ أَحَداً فَقُلْتُ أَصْلَحَكَ الله فَكَيْفَ ذَاكَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى خَلَقَ أَجْزَاءً بَلَغَ بِهَا تِسْعَةً وَأَرْبَعِينَ جُزْءاً ثُمَّ جَعَلَ الأجْزَاءَ أَعْشَاراً فَجَعَلَ الْجُزْءَ عَشْرَةَ أَعْشَارٍ ثُمَّ قَسَمَهُ بَيْنَ الْخَلْقِ فَجَعَلَ فِي رَجُلٍ عُشْرَ جُزْءٍ وَفِي آخَرَ عُشْرَيْ جُزْءٍ حَتَّى بَلَغَ بِهِ جُزْءاً تَامّاً وَفِي آخَرَ جُزْءاً وَعُشْرَ جُزْءٍ وَآخَرَ جُزْءاً وَعُشْرَيْ جُزْءٍ وَآخَرَ جُزْءاً وَثَلاثَةَ أَعْشَارِ جُزْءٍ حَتَّى بَلَغَ بِهِ جُزْءَيْنِ تَامَّيْنِ ثُمَّ بِحِسَابِ ذَلِكَ حَتَّى بَلَغَ بِأَرْفَعِهِمْ تِسْعَةً وَأَرْبَعِينَ جُزْءاً فَمَنْ لَمْ يَجْعَلْ فِيهِ إِلأ؛ّّ عُشْرَ جُزْءٍ لَمْ يَقْدِرْ عَلَى أَنْ يَكُونَ مِثْلَ صَاحِبِ الْعُشْرَيْنِ وَكَذَلِكَ صَاحِبُ الْعُشْرَيْنِ لا يَكُونُ مِثْلَ صَاحِبِ الثَّلاثَةِ الأعْشَارِ وَكَذَلِكَ مَنْ تَمَّ لَهُ جُزْءٌ لا يَقْدِرُ عَلَى أَنْ يَكُونَ مِثْلَ صَاحِبِ الْجُزْءَيْنِ وَلَوْ عَلِمَ النَّاسُ أَنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ خَلَقَ هَذَا الْخَلْقَ عَلَى هَذَا لَمْ يَلُمْ أَحَدٌ أَحَداً.


1. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Musa from Ahmad ibn ‘Umar from Yahya ibn Aban from Shihab who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘Had the people known how Allah, the Most Blessed, the Most High, has created this creation no one would blame others.’ 1 then said, ‘May Allah grant you well being, how is that?’ The Imam said, ‘Allah, the Most Blessed, the Most High, created parts numbering ninety-four parts. He then made them into tenths; thus, He made one part into ten parts. He then distributed them among the creatures. In one man He placed one tenth, in another person He placed two tenths until there came a man in whom He place a whole part. In another He placed one part and one tenth, in another person one part and two tenths and in another one part and three tenths up to a man in whom He placed two whole parts and so on up to the highest one in whom He placed ninety-four whole parts. Therefore, one in whom only one tenth of a part is placed cannot be like the one in whom two tenths are placed. The one in whom two tenths of a part are placed cannot be like the one in whom three tenths are placed. So also the owner of one part cannot be like the owner of two whole parts. Had the people known that Allah, the Majestic, the Glorious, has created them in this way no one would have blamed the others.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (277/ 7)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ الْقَرَاطِيسِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَا عَبْدَ الْعَزِيزِ إِنَّ الإيمَانَ عَشْرُ دَرَجَاتٍ بِمَنْزِلَةِ السُّلَّمِ يُصْعَدُ مِنْهُ مِرْقَاةً بَعْدَ مِرْقَاةٍ فَلا يَقُولَنَّ صَاحِبُ الإثْنَيْنِ لِصَاحِبِ الْوَاحِدِ لَسْتَ عَلَى شَيْ‏ءٍ حَتَّى يَنْتَهِيَ إِلَى الْعَاشِرِ فَلا تُسْقِطْ مَنْ هُوَ دُونَكَ فَيُسْقِطَكَ مَنْ هُوَ فَوْقَكَ وَإِذَا رَأَيْتَ مَنْ هُوَ أَسْفَلُ مِنْكَ بِدَرَجَةٍ فَارْفَعْهُ إِلَيْكَ بِرِفْقٍ وَلا تَحْمِلَنَّ عَلَيْهِ مَا لا يُطِيقُ فَتَكْسِرَهُ فَإِنَّ مَنْ كَسَرَ مُؤْمِناً فَعَلَيْهِ جَبْرُهُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad from certain individuals of his people from al-Hassan from Ali ibn abu ‘Uthman from Muhammad ibn ‘Uthman from Muhammad ibn Hammad al-Khazzaz from ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-Qaratisi who has said the following: “Once abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) said, ‘O ‘Abd al-‘Aziz, belief is of ten stages like the steps of a ladder. To climb, one uses it one step after the other one by one. One who possesses two degrees of belief should never say to one who possesses only one degree that he does not have enough belief and so on up to the tenth degree or stage. One who is higher should not throw back the one below because the one above you may also fall. If you see one below, you should help him climb up higher gently and do not burden him with what he cannot lift up; he may break down and if one breaks down a believer, he will be held responsible for compensation to him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/278)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ سَدِيرٍ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلَى مَنَازِلَ مِنْهُمْ عَلَى وَاحِدَةٍ وَمِنْهُمْ عَلَى اثْنَتَيْنِ وَمِنْهُمْ عَلَى ثَلاثٍ وَمِنْهُمْ عَلَى أَرْبَعٍ وَمِنْهُمْ عَلَى خَمْسٍ وَمِنْهُمْ عَلَى سِتٍّ وَمِنْهُمْ عَلَى سَبْعٍ فَلَوْ ذَهَبْتَ تَحْمِلُ عَلَى صَاحِبِ الْوَاحِدَةِ ثِنْتَيْنِ لَمْ يَقْوَ وَعَلَى صَاحِبِ الثِّنْتَيْنِ ثَلاثاً لَمْ يَقْوَ وَعَلَى صَاحِبِ الثَّلاثِ أَرْبَعاً لَمْ يَقْوَ وَعَلَى صَاحِبِ الأرْبَعِ خَمْساً لَمْ يَقْوَ وَعَلَى صَاحِبِ الْخَمْسِ سِتّاً لَمْ يَقْوَ وَعَلَى صَاحِبِ السِّتِّ سَبْعاً لَمْ يَقْوَ وَعَلَى هَذِهِ الدَّرَجَاتُ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from Sadir who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far (a.s.) said to me, ’Believers are of various positions in connection with belief. There are those who have one degree of belief, others have two degrees, still others may have three or four, five, six or seven degrees of belief. If you expect two degrees of belief from one who has only one degree of belief he is not able to bear it, or expect three degrees of belief from the one who has only two degrees of it he also is not able to bear it. The one who may have three cannot bear four degrees of belief, the one who has four degrees of belief is not able to bear five degrees of belief. One who has only five degrees of belief is not able to bear six degrees of belief and one who has six degrees of belief is not able to bear seven degrees of belief. This is how the degrees of belief are.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (280/ 7)



4ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ الصَّبَّاحِ بْنِ سَيَابَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَا أَنْتُمْ وَالْبَرَاءَةَ يَبْرَأُ بَعْضُكُمْ مِنْ بَعْضٍ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ بَعْضُهُمْ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ بَعْضٍ وَبَعْضُهُمْ أَكْثَرُ صَلاةً مِنْ بَعْضٍ وَبَعْضُهُمْ أَنْفَذُ بَصَراً مِنْ بَعْضٍ وَهِيَ الدَّرَجَاتُ.


4. It is narrated from him (Muhammad ibn Yahya) from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Muhammad ibn Sinan from al-Sabah ibn Siyabah from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “What is this disavowing and disassociation of yours? There are those of you who renounce the others. Among the believers there are those who are better than others. Among them there are those who pray more, and others are of shaip insight. Such are the degrees of belief.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/281)