209. Belief is not affected by Evil Deeds and Disbelief Does not Benefit from Good Deeds

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) هَلْ لأحَدٍ عَلَى مَا عَمِلَ ثَوَابٌ عَلَى الله مُوجَبٌ إِلا الْمُؤْمِنِينَ قَالَ لا.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from Ya’qub ibn Shu’ayb who has said the following: “Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘Does anyone, other than the believers, has any reward with Allah for his good deeds?’ The Imam said, ‘No, there is no one as such.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/395)



2ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ مُوسَى لِلْخَضِرِ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَدْ تَحَرَّمْتُ بِصُحْبَتِكَ فَأَوْصِنِي قَالَ لَهُ الْزَمْ مَا لا يَضُرُّكَ مَعَهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ كَمَا لا يَنْفَعُكَ مَعَ غَيْرِهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


2. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Yunus from certain individuals of his people from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Moses said to Khidr, ‘I am honored to associate with you. Instruct me with good advice.’ Khidr said, ‘Hold fast to that with which nothing can harm you just as things without it will not benefit you.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/396)



3ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي أُمَيَّةَ يُوسُفَ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ لا يَضُرُّ مَعَ الإيمَانِ عَمَلٌ وَلا يَنْفَعُ مَعَ الْكُفْرِ عَمَلٌ أَ لا تَرَى أَنَّهُ قَالَ وَما مَنَعَهُمْ أَنْ تُقْبَلَ مِنْهُمْ نَفَقاتُهُمْ إِلا أَنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوا بِالله وَبِرَسُولِهِ وَمَاتُوا وَهُمْ كَافِرُونَ.


3. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Yunus from ibn Bukayr from abu ‘Umayyah Yusuf ibn Thabit who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘With belief no deed can harm one and with disbelief no deed can benefit one. Consider how Allah has said it, ‘What prevents their offerings from acceptance is their disbelief in Allah and His Messenger, their lack of interest in prayer and spending for the cause of Allah reluctantly, (9:54) ‘. . . and they die as disbelievers.’” (9:125)


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/396)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ أَبِي أُمَيَّةَ يُوسُفَ بْنِ ثَابِتِ بْنِ أَبِي سَعْدَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ الإيمَانُ لا يَضُرُّ مَعَهُ عَمَلٌ وَكَذَلِكَ الْكُفْرُ لا يَنْفَعُ مَعَهُ عَمَلٌ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Faddal from Tha’labah from abu ‘Umayyah, Yusuf ibn Thabit ibn abu Sa’dah from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘With belief no deed can harm one and with disbelief no deed can benefit one.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/397)



5ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَارِدٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) حَدِيثٌ رُوِيَ لَنَا أَنَّكَ قُلْتَ إِذَا عَرَفْتَ فَاعْمَلْ مَا شِئْتَ فَقَالَ قَدْ قُلْتُ ذَلِكَ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَإِنْ زَنَوْا أَوْ سَرَقُوا أَوْ شَرِبُوا الْخَمْرَ فَقَالَ لِي إِنَّا لله وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ وَالله مَا أَنْصَفُونَا أَنْ نَكُونَ أُخِذْنَا بِالْعَمَلِ وَوُضِعَ عَنْهُمْ إِنَّمَا قُلْتُ إِذَا عَرَفْتَ فَاعْمَلْ مَا شِئْتَ مِنْ قَلِيلِ الْخَيْرِ وَكَثِيرِهِ فَإِنَّهُ يُقْبَلُ مِنْكَ.


5. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Husayn ibn Sa’id from those whom has mentioned (in his book) from ‘Ubaydah ibn Zurara from Muhammad ibn Marid who has said the following: “Once I said to abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘There is a Hadith narrated to us that you have told us: ‘When you recognize, do whatever you want.’ The Imam said, ‘Yes, I have said it.’ I then asked, ‘Can they even fornicate, steal and drink wine?’ The Imam then said to me, ‘To Allah we belong and to Him we return, by Allah they have not been fair to us. Is it fair that we will be held responsible for our deeds and they will be exempt!’ What I have said is that when you recognize, do whatever you want, that is, a little good or a great deal; they will be accepted from you.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/397)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الرَّيَّانِ بْنِ الصَّلْتِ رَفَعَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) كَثِيراً مَا يَقُولُ فِي خُطْبَتِهِ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ دِينَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ فَإِنَّ السَّيِّئَةَ فِيهِ خَيْرٌ مِنَ الْحَسَنَةِ فِي غَيْرِهِ وَالسَّيِّئَةُ فِيهِ تُغْفَرُ وَالْحَسَنَةُ فِي غَيْرِهِ لا تُقْبَلُ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Muhammad ibn al-Rayyan ibn al-Salt in a marfu’ manner from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali ibn abu Talib (a.s.) would very often say about sin, ‘O people, pay attention to your religion, pay attention to your religion. An evil deed in it (your religion) is better than a good deed in something else. An evil deed in your religion can be forgiven (by means of repenting) but a good deed in something else will not be accepted.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/398)