208. Nation ’s Exemption From Certain Issues

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1ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِي دَاوُدَ الْمُسْتَرِقِّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ مَرْوَانَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) رُفِعَ عَنْ أُمَّتِي أَرْبَعُ خِصَالٍ خَطَأُهَا وَنِسْيَانُهَا وَمَا أُكْرِهُوا عَلَيْهِ وَمَا لَمْ يُطِيقُوا وَذَلِكَ قَوْلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ رَبَّنا لا تُؤاخِذْنا إِنْ نَسِينا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنا رَبَّنا وَلا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنا إِصْراً كَما حَمَلْتَهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِنا رَبَّنا وَلا تُحَمِّلْنا ما لا طاقَةَ لَنا بِهِ وَقَوْلُهُ إِلا مَنْ أُكْرِهَ وَقَلْبُهُ مُطْمَئِنٌّ بِالإيمانِ.


1. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla ibn Muhammad from abu Dawud al-Mustriq who has that narrated to him ‘Amr ibn Marwan who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘The Messenger of Allah has said, “My followers are exempt from responsibility for four things: Acting mistakenly, forgetting, being coerced and compelled, and for failing to act. This has been mentioned in the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ‘Lord, do not hold us responsible for our forgetfulness and mistakes. Lord, do not lay upon us the burden that You laid upon those who lived before us. Lord, do not lay upon us what we cannot afford. Ignore and forgive our sins. Have mercy upon us. You are our Lord. Help us against the unbelievers,’ (2:286) also in His words, ‘No one verbally denounces his faith in Allah, unless he is forced, but his heart is confident with his faith. . . (16:106)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/387)



2ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ النَّهْدِيِّ رَفَعَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) وُضِعَ عَنْ أُمَّتِي تِسْعُ خِصَالٍ الْخَطَأُ وَالنِّسْيَانِ وَمَا لا يَعْلَمُونَ وَمَا لا يُطِيقُونَ وَمَا اضْطُرُّوا إِلَيْهِ وَمَا اسْتُكْرِهُوا عَلَيْهِ وَالطِّيَرَةُ وَالْوَسْوَسَةُ فِي التَّفَكُّرِ فِي الْخَلْقِ وَالْحَسَدُ مَا لَمْ يُظْهِرْ بِلِسَانٍ أَوْ يَدٍ.


2. Al-Husayn ibn has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Hindi in a marfu’ manner from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘My followers are exempt from responsibilities in nine kinds of acts and conditions: 1. Acting by mistake, 2. Out of forgetfulness, 3. Things they have no knowledge of, 4. Things they are not able to do, 5. Things they needed badly, 6. Things they are compelled to do, 7. Omens, 8. Temptations in thinking about creatures, 9. Feeling envy as long as it is not expressed by their tongues or hands.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/391)