177. Hypocrites, Straying and Satan Addressed by the call to Islam

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ قَالَ كَانَ الطَّيَّارُ يَقُولُ لِي إِبْلِيسُ لَيْسَ مِنَ الْمَلائِكَةِ وَإِنَّمَا أُمِرَتِ الْمَلائِكَةُ بِالسُّجُودِ لآدَمَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَقَالَ إِبْلِيسُ لا أَسْجُدُ فَمَا لِإِبْلِيسَ يَعْصِي حِينَ لَمْ يَسْجُدْ وَلَيْسَ هُوَ مِنَ الْمَلائِكَةِ قَالَ فَدَخَلْتُ أَنَا وَهُوَ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ فَأَحْسَنَ وَالله فِي الْمَسْأَلَةِ فَقَالَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ أَ رَأَيْتَ مَا نَدَبَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَيْهِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ قَوْلِهِ يا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَ دَخَلَ فِي ذَلِكَ الْمُنَافِقُونَ مَعَهُمْ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَالضُّلالُ وَكُلُّ مَنْ أَقَرَّ بِالدَّعْوَةِ الظَّاهِرَةِ وَكَانَ إِبْلِيسُ مِمَّنْ أَقَرَّ بِالدَّعْوَةِ الظَّاهِرَةِ مَعَهُمْ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil who has said the following: “Al-Tayyar would say to me that Satan is not among the angels. Only angels were commanded to bow down in prostration before Adam and Satan said, ‘I will not bow down in prostration.’ Why should Satan be called disobedient for not bowing down in prostration when he is not among the angels? The narrator has said that he and I went in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant. He, by Allah, presented his question very nicely saying, ‘May Allah keep my soul in service for your cause, please consider Allah’s, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, calling the believers, “O believing people,” are hypocrites also addressed along with the believers?’ The Imam said, ‘Yes, also the straying people and all who had affirmed the public call to Islam. Satan was included in the public call with them (the angles).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/226)