176. People with Inclined Hearts

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الْمُؤَلَّفَةُ قُلُوبُهُمْ قَوْمٌ وَحَّدُوا الله وَخَلَعُوا عِبَادَةَ مَنْ يُعْبَدُ مِنْ دُونِ الله وَلَمْ تَدْخُلِ الْمَعْرِفَةُ قُلُوبَهُمْ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَسُولُ الله وَكَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) يَتَأَلَّفُهُمْ وَيُعَرِّفُهُمْ لِكَيْمَا يَعْرِفُوا وَيُعَلِّمُهُمْ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Musa ibn Bakr and Ali ibn Ibrahim from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from a man all from Zurara from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “ Al-Mu’ allafah Qulubuhum (people with inclined hearts to Islam) were a people who had accepted Allah only and had given up the worship of things besides Allah. However, true knowledge and belief that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah had not entered their hearts. The Messenger of Allah showed them kindness, provided them knowledge, so they might know the truth and he would teach them.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/221)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَالْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ قَالَ هُمْ قَوْمٌ وَحَّدُوا الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَخَلَعُوا عِبَادَةَ مَنْ يُعْبَدُ مِنْ دُونِ الله وَشَهِدُوا أَنْ لا إِلَهَ إِلا الله وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) وَهُمْ فِي ذَلِكَ شُكَّاكٌ فِي بَعْضِ مَا جَاءَ بِهِ مُحَمَّدٌ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) فَأَمَرَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ نَبِيَّهُ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) أَنْ يَتَأَلَّفَهُمْ بِالْمَالِ وَالْعَطَاءِ لِكَيْ يَحْسُنَ إِسْلامُهُمْ وَيَثْبُتُوا عَلَى دِينِهِمُ الَّذِي دَخَلُوا فِيهِ وَأَقَرُّوا بِهِ وَإِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) يَوْمَ حُنَيْنٍ تَأَلَّفَ رُؤَسَاءَ الْعَرَبِ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ وَسَائِرِ مُضَرَ مِنْهُمْ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ بْنُ حَرْبٍ وَعُيَيْنَةُ بْنُ حُصَيْنٍ الْفَزَارِيُّ وَأَشْبَاهُهُمْ مِنَ النَّاسِ فَغَضِبَتِ الأنْصَارُ وَاجْتَمَعَتْ إِلَى سَعْدِ بْنِ عُبَادَةَ فَانْطَلَقَ بِهِمْ إِلَى رَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) بِالْجِعْرَانَةِ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ الله أَ تَأْذَنُ لِي فِي الْكَلامِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ هَذَا الأمْرُ مِنْ هَذِهِ الأمْوَالِ الَّتِي قَسَمْتَ بَيْنَ قَوْمِكَ شَيْئاً أَنْزَلَهُ الله رَضِينَا وَإِنْ كَانَ غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ لَمْ نَرْضَ قَالَ زُرَارَةُ وَسَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) يَا مَعْشَرَ الأنْصَارِ أَ كُلُّكُمْ عَلَى قَوْلِ سَيِّدِكُمْ سَعْدٍ فَقَالُوا سَيِّدُنَا الله وَرَسُولُهُ ثُمَّ قَالُوا فِي الثَّالِثَةِ نَحْنُ عَلَى مِثْلِ قَوْلِهِ وَرَأْيِهِ قَالَ زُرَارَةُ فَسَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ فَحَطَّ الله نُورَهُمْ وَفَرَضَ الله لِلْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ سَهْماً فِي الْقُرْآنِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ‘Udhaynah from Zurara who has said the following: “Once I asked abu Ja’far (a.s.) about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ‘A/- Mu’allafah Qulubuhum (the people with inclined hearts)’ (9:60) the Imam said, ‘They were a people who accepted Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, only, stopped worshipping things that were worshipped besides Allah, they had testified that no one deserves to be worshipped except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and in that condition they had doubts about certain issue(s) that Muhammad (a.s.) had brought. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, commanded His Holy Prophet to attract them with financial means and gifts so that their Islam may improve and they remain steadfast in their religion which they had just accepted and professed. ’ “On the day of Hunayn (a battle field) the Messenger of Allah had a meeting with leaders of Arabs from Quraysh, and others from the tribe of Mudar. Among such people were abu Sufyan ibn Harb, ‘Uyaynah ibn Hasin al-Farazi and other such people. The Ansar, people of Madina, became angiy and gathered around Sa’d ibn ‘Ubadah. He went with them to see the Messenger of Allah at al-Ja’ranah. He asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, can I speak?’ He said, ‘Yes, you may speak.’ He said, ‘If the case of these goods that you have distributed among your tribesmen is something that has come from Allah, we agree, and if it is something else, we do not agree.’ Zurara has said, ‘I heard abu Ja’far saying, “The Messenger of Allah asked, ‘O people of Ansar, are all of you of the opinion of your master Sa’d?’” They said, ‘Our master is Allah and the Messenger of Allah.’ Then they said at the third time, ‘We are of the same opinion and words.’ Zurara has said, ‘I heard abu Ja’far (a.s.) saying, “For this reason Allah decreased the light of their belief and assigned a share for people of inclined hearts in the Holy Quran.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/223)



3ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الْمُؤَلَّفَةُ قُلُوبُهُمْ لَمْ يَكُونُوا قَطُّ أَكْثَرَ مِنْهُمُ الْيَوْمَ.


3. Ali has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from a man from Zurara from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said, ‘A/- Mu’allafah Qulubuhum (People of inclined hearts) have never been more numerous than they are today.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (1/224)



4ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ غَالِبٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَا إِسْحَاقُ كَمْ تَرَى أَهْلَ هَذِهِ الآيَةِ فَإِنْ أُعْطُوا مِنْها رَضُوا وَإِنْ لَمْ يُعْطَوْا مِنْها إِذا هُمْ يَسْخَطُونَ قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ هُمْ أَكْثَرُ مِنْ ثُلُثَيِ النَّاسِ.


4. Ali has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ibrahim ibn ‘Abd al- Hamid from Ishaq ibn Ghalib who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) once asked, ‘O Ishaq, how many people can you find to whom this verse, ‘ . . . They are pleased when you give them something from it, but if they receive nothing, they become angry with you,’ (9:58) applies? The Imam then said, ‘They are more than two thirds of the people.’”




5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَسَّانَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مَا كَانَتِ الْمُؤَلَّفَةُ قُلُوبُهُمْ قَطُّ أَكْثَرَ مِنْهُمُ الْيَوْمَ وَهُمْ قَوْمٌ وَحَّدُوا الله وَخَرَجُوا مِنَ الشِّرْكِ وَلَمْ تَدْخُلْ مَعْرِفَةُ مُحَمَّدٍ رَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) قُلُوبَهُمْ وَمَا جَاءَ بِهِ فَتَأَلَّفَهُمْ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) وَتَأَلَّفَهُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ بَعْدَ رَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) لِكَيْمَا يَعْرِفُوا.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Hassan from Musa ibn Bakr from a man who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said, ‘People of inclined hearts had never been as many as they are today. They were a people who accepted Allah only, had come out of paganism but the true knowledge about Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah had not entered their hearts as well as certain issues of what he had brought from Allah. The Messenger of Allah would meet them with kindness and after the Messenger of Allah the believers would meet them with kindness so they might receive true knowledge.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (11/226)