106. The Severity of the Trial of a Believer

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ أَشَدَّ النَّاسِ بَلاءً الأنْبِيَاءُ ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ثُمَّ الأمْثَلُ فَالأمْثَلُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn Salim from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The trial (suffering hardships in life) of the prophets is the most difficult then is that for those next to the prophets in a (spiritual) position and thereafter those similar to the previous group and so forth.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/321)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ ذُكِرَ عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) الْبَلاءُ وَمَا يَخُصُّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِهِ الْمُؤْمِنَ فَقَالَ سُئِلَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) مَنْ أَشَدُّ النَّاسِ بَلاءً فِي الدُّنْيَا فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّونَ ثُمَّ الأمْثَلُ فَالأمْثَلُ وَيُبْتَلَى الْمُؤْمِنُ بَعْدُ عَلَى قَدْرِ إِيمَانِهِ وَحُسْنِ أَعْمَالِهِ فَمَنْ صَحَّ إِيمَانُهُ وَحَسُنَ عَمَلُهُ اشْتَدَّ بَلاؤُهُ وَمَنْ سَخُفَ إِيمَانُهُ وَضَعُفَ عَمَلُهُ قَلَّ بَلاؤُهُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “Once, trials and misfortunes and things that Allah, the Majestic, the Glorious, has specially set for the believers were mentioned in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) and the qualities of the believer. The Imam said, ‘The Messenger of Allah was asked, ‘Who suffers the most in this world?’ The Messenger of Allah said, ‘The prophets suffer the most and thereafter people similar to them and then those similar in position to the second group and so forth. A believer suffers proportionate to his belief and good deeds; thus, whoever’ s belief is more correct as well as deeds their trails and suffering are more intense, and whoever’s belief comes from a weak power of reason and whose deeds are weak their trials and suffering are less intense.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/326)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ عَنْ زَيْدٍ الشَّحَّامِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ عَظِيمَ الأجْرِ لَمَعَ عَظِيمِ الْبَلاءِ وَمَا أَحَبَّ الله قَوْماً إِلا ابْتَلاهُمْ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ‘Ammar ibn Marwan from Zayd al-Shahham from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: ‘‘The greatest reward comes from greatest trials and suffering. There have never been a people whom Allah loved but were not put to trial.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (326/ 9)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ رِبْعِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَشَدُّ النَّاسِ بَلاءً الأنْبِيَاءُ ثُمَّ الأوْصِيَاءُ ثُمَّ الأمَاثِلُ فَالأمَاثِلُ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma’il from Fadl ibn Shadhan all from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Rib’i ibn ‘Abd Allah from Fudayl ibn Yasar from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “People who are put to the most severe trials and sufferings are the prophets, then the successors of the prophets and then those similar to the last group in position and so forth.”




5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ لله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عِبَاداً فِي الأرْضِ مِنْ خَالِصِ عِبَادِهِ مَا يُنْزِلُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ تُحْفَةً إِلَى الأرْضِ إِلا صَرَفَهَا عَنْهُمْ إِلَى غَيْرِهِمْ وَلا بَلِيَّةً إِلا صَرَفَهَا إِلَيْهِمْ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from abu Basir from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has His most sincere of all of His servants on earth. He does not send any gift from the heavens but that is diverted away from them (His most sincere servants) to others and no misfortune comes down but that is directed to them (His most sincere servants).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (326/ 9)



6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عُلْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ وَعِنْدَهُ سَدِيرٌ إِنَّ الله إِذَا أَحَبَّ عَبْداً غَتَّهُ بِالْبَلاءِ غَتّاً وَإِنَّا وَإِيَّاكُمْ يَا سَدِيرُ لَنُصْبِحُ بِهِ وَنُمْسِي.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from Ahmad ibn ‘Ubayd from al-Husayn ibn ‘Ulwan from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Sadir was present when the Imam said, ‘When Allah loves a servant He deeply immerses him in misfortunes. You and we, O Sadir, live in it mornings and evenings.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول وقد يعد ضعيف ا - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/327)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ عَلاءٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى إِذَا أَحَبَّ عَبْداً غَتَّهُ بِالْبَلاءِ غَتّاً وَثَجَّهُ بِالْبَلاءِ ثَجّاً فَإِذَا دَعَاهُ قَالَ لَبَّيْكَ عَبْدِي لَئِنْ عَجَّلْتُ لَكَ مَا سَأَلْتَ إِنِّي عَلَى ذَلِكَ لَقَادِرٌ وَلَئِنِ ادَّخَرْتُ لَكَ فَمَا ادَّخَرْتُ لَكَ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكَ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sinan from al-Walid ibn al-‘Ala’ from Hammad from his father from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “When Allah, the Majestic, the Glorious, loves any of His servants He immerses him in misfortunes deeply and allows him bleed a bleeding (like sacrificial animals). When he prays to Him, He answers, ‘Yes, my servant, if I like to answer your prayer quickly I have the power to do so, but if I save for you what I may save is better (for you).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (327/ 9)



8ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ زَيْدٍ الزَّرَّادِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِنَّ عَظِيمَ الْبَلاءِ يُكَافَأُ بِهِ عَظِيمُ الْجَزَاءِ فَإِذَا أَحَبَّ الله عَبْداً ابْتَلاهُ بِعَظِيمِ الْبَلاءِ فَمَنْ رَضِيَ فَلَهُ عِنْدَ الله الرِّضَا وَمَنْ سَخِطَ الْبَلاءَ فَلَهُ عِنْدَ الله السَّخَطُ.


8. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from Zayd al-Zarrad from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘The great misfortunes are matched with great rewards. When Allah loves a servant He tries him with great misfortunes. Whoever accepts it, Allah accepts him and whoever becomes angry with misfortunes, with Allah for him there is anger.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/328)



9ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ زَكَرِيَّا بْنِ الْحُرِّ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّمَا يُبْتَلَى الْمُؤْمِنُ فِي الدُّنْيَا عَلَى قَدْرِ دِينِهِ أَوْ قَالَ عَلَى حَسَبِ دِينِهِ.


9. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Zakariya ibn al-Hurr from Jabir ibn Yazid from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “A believer is tried in this world proportionately to the perfection of his religion or degree of his excellence in religion (uncertainty is from the narrator).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (329/ 9)



10ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُثَنَّى الْحَضْرَمِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بُهْلُولِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ الْعَبْدِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُ بِمَنْزِلَةِ كِفَّةِ الْمِيزَانِ كُلَّمَا زِيدَ فِي إِيمَانِهِ زِيدَ فِي بَلائِهِ.


10. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu‘Abd Allah from certain individuals of his people from Muhammad ibn al-Muthanna al-Hazrami from Muhammad ibn Bahlul ibn Muslim al-‘Abdi from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The believers are like the two sides of a balance, as his belief increases in strength, his trial also increases in intensity.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/329)



11ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ الْمُؤْمِنُ لا يَمْضِي عَلَيْهِ أَرْبَعُونَ لَيْلَةً إِلا عَرَضَ لَهُ أَمْرٌ يَحْزُنُهُ يُذَكَّرُ بِهِ.


11. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu Ayyub from Muhammad ibn Muslim from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Before forty days pass something causes sadness to a believer to remind him.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (329/ 9)



12ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ نَاجِيَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ الْمُغِيرَةَ يَقُولُ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ لا يُبْتَلَى بِالْجُذَامِ وَلا بِالْبَرَصِ وَلا بِكَذَا وَلا بِكَذَا فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ لَغَافِلاً عَنْ صَاحِبِ يَاسِينَ إِنَّهُ كَانَ مُكَنَّعاً ثُمَّ رَدَّ أَصَابِعَهُ فَقَالَ كَأَنِّي أَنْظُرُ إِلَى تَكْنِيعِهِ أَتَاهُمْ فَأَنْذَرَهُمْ ثُمَّ عَادَ إِلَيْهِمْ مِنَ الْغَدِ فَقَتَلُوهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ يُبْتَلَى بِكُلِّ بَلِيَّةٍ وَيَمُوتُ بِكُلِّ مِيتَةٍ إِلا أَنَّهُ لا يَقْتُلُ نَفْسَهُ.


12. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan from Mu’awiyah ibn ‘Ammar from Najiyah who has said the following: “Once I said to abu Ja’far (a.s.) ‘Al-Mughirah says, ‘A believer does not suffer from leprosy, bars (a form of leprosy) or so and so.’” The Imam said, ‘He must be unaware of Sahib Yasin (the man mentioned in (36:20)) whose hand was paralyzed - the Imam let his fingers hanging - and said, “It is as if I look at his paralysis. He came to the people, warning them against disbelief and the next day he was murdered.” The Imam then said, ‘A believer may suffer any form of misfortune and die by any form of death but does not commit suicide.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالحسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/330)



13ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأشْعَرِيِّ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ مِنَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَبِأَفْضَلِ مَكَانٍ ثَلاثاً إِنَّهُ لَيَبْتَلِيهِ بِالْبَلاءِ ثُمَّ يَنْزِعُ نَفْسَهُ عُضْواً عُضْواً مِنْ جَسَدِهِ وَهُوَ يَحْمَدُ الله عَلَى ذَلِكَ.


13. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Ash’ari from ‘Ubayd ibn Zurara who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘A believer has the best place in the sight of Allah, the Majestic, the Glorious, - three times. Allah tries him with misfortunes and then pulls his soul out of the parts of his body one after the other but he continues praising Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/334)



14ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ مَنْزِلَةً لا يَبْلُغُهَا عَبْدٌ إِلا بِالإبْتِلاءِ فِي جَسَدِهِ.


14. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Fudayl ibn ‘Uthman from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “In paradise there is a position that is accessible only to those who have gone through bodily trials of suffering in this world.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/335)



15ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأشْعَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى الْحَنَّاطِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ قَالَ شَكَوْتُ إِلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مَا أَلْقَى مِنَ الأوْجَاعِ وَكَانَ مِسْقَاماً فَقَالَ لِي يَا عَبْدَ الله لَوْ يَعْلَمُ الْمُؤْمِنُ مَا لَهُ مِنَ الأجْرِ فِي الْمَصَائِبِ لَتَمَنَّى أَنَّهُ قُرِّضَ بِالْمَقَارِيضِ.


15. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from his father from Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Ash’ari from abu Yahya al- Hannat from ‘Abd Allah ibn abu Ya’fur who has said the following: “Once I complained to abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) about pain. (He was often in pains). The Imam said, ‘O ‘Abd Allah, had a believer known about the reward for suffering from afflictions, he would have wished to be cut in pieces with scissors.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/335)



16ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ رِبَاطٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ أَهْلَ الْحَقِّ لَمْ يَزَالُوا مُنْذُ كَانُوا فِي شِدَّةٍ أَمَا إِنَّ ذَلِكَ إِلَى مُدَّةٍ قَلِيلَةٍ وَعَافِيَةٍ طَوِيلَةٍ.


16. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Yunus ibn Ribat who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘The people of truth had always, since their coming into being, been in suffering but that is for a short time which is followed by everlasting happiness.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على االمشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/335)



17ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ الْمُخْتَارِ عَنْ أَبِي أُسَامَةَ عَنْ حُمْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَيَتَعَاهَدُ الْمُؤْمِنَ بِالْبَلاءِ كَمَا يَتَعَاهَدُ الرَّجُلُ أَهْلَهُ بِالْهَدِيَّةِ مِنَ الْغَيْبَةِ وَيَحْمِيهِ الدُّنْيَا كَمَا يَحْمِي الطَّبِيبُ الْمَرِيضَ.


17. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from certain individuals of his people from al-Husayn ibn al-Mukhtar from abu ‘Usamah from Humran from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has an undertaking to try the believers with misfortune just as a man is committed to send gifts to his family in his absence. He holds him (believer) back from the worldly things just as the physicians hold back a patient from certain items of food.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (336/ 9)



18ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى الْخَثْعَمِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بُهْلُولٍ الْعَبْدِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ لَمْ يُؤْمِنِ الله الْمُؤْمِنَ مِنْ هَزَاهِزِ الدُّنْيَا وَلَكِنَّهُ آمَنَهُ مِنَ الْعَمَى فِيهَا وَالشَّقَاءِ فِي الآخِرَةِ.


18. Ali has narrated from his father from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Khath’ami from Muhammad ibn Bulul al-‘Abdi who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘Allah has not protected the believers from the turmoil of the world but He has protected them from blindness in it and the wickedness of the next life.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/336)



19ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ نُعَيْمٍ الصَّحَّافِ عَنْ ذَرِيحٍ الْمُحَارِبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيهِما السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنِّي لأكْرَهُ لِلرَّجُلِ أَنْ يُعَافَى فِي الدُّنْيَا فَلا يُصِيبَهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنَ الْمَصَائِبِ.


19. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Husayn ibn Nu’aiim al-Sahhaf from Dhurayh al-Muharibi from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) has said, ‘I do not like a person’s (total freedom from) suffering in the world from misfortunes.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/336)



20ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ نُوحِ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ عَنْ أَبِي دَاوُدَ الْمُسْتَرِقِّ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) دُعِيَ النَّبِيُّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِلَى طَعَامٍ فَلَمَّا دَخَلَ مَنْزِلَ الرَّجُلِ نَظَرَ إِلَى دَجَاجَةٍ فَوْقَ حَائِطٍ قَدْ بَاضَتْ فَتَقَعُ الْبَيْضَةُ عَلَى وَتِدٍ فِي حَائِطٍ فَثَبَتَتْ عَلَيْهِ وَلَمْ تَسْقُطْ وَلَمْ تَنْكَسِرْ فَتَعَجَّبَ النَّبِيُّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) مِنْهَا فَقَالَ لَهُ الرَّجُلُ أَ عَجِبْتَ مِنْ هَذِهِ الْبَيْضَةِ فَوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَكَ بِالْحَقِّ مَا رُزِئْتُ شَيْئاً قَطُّ قَالَ فَنَهَضَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) وَلَمْ يَأْكُلْ مِنْ طَعَامِهِ شَيْئاً وَقَالَ مَنْ لَمْ يُرْزَأْ فَمَا لله فِيهِ مِنْ حَاجَةٍ.


20. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from Nuh ibn Shu’ayb from abu Dawud al-Mustariqq in a marfu’ manner from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Once, the Holy Prophet was invited for food. When he entered the house he saw a hen that had laid an egg on a wall and it fell on the top of a stake. It stayed there and did not fall off or break. The Holy Prophet expressed astonishment and the man said, ‘Were you astonished because of this egg? I swear by the One who has sent you with the truth that I have never suffered any loss.’ The Imam said, ‘The Holy Prophet then stood up and left without having any food saying, ‘One who does not suffer any losses, Allah is not interested in him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/337)



21ـ عَنْهُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله وَأَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) لا حَاجَةَ لله فِيمَنْ لَيْسَ لَهُ فِي مَالِهِ وَبَدَنِهِ نَصِيبٌ.


21. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Abd al-Rahman [ibn abu ‘Abd Allah and abu Basir] from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Allah is not interested in a person in whose property or his own self there is no share (of losses).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/338)



22ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ النَّوَّاءِ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَبْتَلِي الْمُؤْمِنَ بِكُلِّ بَلِيَّةٍ وَيُمِيتُهُ بِكُلِّ مِيتَةٍ وَلا يَبْتَلِيهِ بِذَهَابِ عَقْلِهِ أَ مَا تَرَى أَيُّوبَ كَيْفَ سُلِّطَ إِبْلِيسُ عَلَى مَالِهِ وَعَلَى وُلْدِهِ وَعَلَى أَهْلِهِ وَعَلَى كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْهُ وَلَمْ يُسَلَّطْ عَلَى عَقْلِهِ تُرِكَ لَهُ لِيُوَحِّدَ الله بِهِ.


22. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ‘Uthman al-Nawa’ from those he has mentioned (in his book) from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, sets the believers into trials of all kinds and causes them to die by all kinds of deaths but He does not make them suffer the loss of their power of reason. Consider (prophet) Ayyub (Job) how Iblis (the devil) controlled his property, children, wife and all things that were his but had no control over his power of reason, which was left for him to maintain his belief in Allah only.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/338)



23ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّهُ لَيَكُونُ لِلْعَبْدِ مَنْزِلَةٌ عِنْدَ الله فَمَا يَنَالُهَا إِلا بِإِحْدَى خَصْلَتَيْنِ إِمَّا بِذَهَابِ مَالِهِ أَوْ بِبَلِيَّةٍ فِي جَسَدِهِ.


23. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Faddal from Ali ibn ‘Uqbah from Sulayman ibn Khalid from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “For a servant (of Allah) there is a position with Allah that he can reach only through two qualities: Loss of his property or misfortune in his body.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/346)



24ـ عَنْهُ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ مُثَنًّى الْحَنَّاطِ عَنْ أَبِي أُسَامَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَوْ لا أَنْ يَجِدَ عَبْدِيَ الْمُؤْمِنُ فِي قَلْبِهِ لَعَصَّبْتُ رَأْسَ الْكَافِرِ بِعِصَابَةِ حَدِيدٍ لا يُصَدَّعُ رَأْسُهُ أَبَداً.


24. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from ibn Faddal from Muthanna al-Hannat from abu ‘Usamah from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has said, ‘Had my believing servant not felt sadness in his heart, I would have wrapped up the head of the unbelievers for protection with iron wrapping material so he would never experience any headaches.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/346)



25ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) مَثَلُ الْمُؤْمِنِ كَمَثَلِ خَامَةِ الزَّرْعِ تُكْفِئُهَا الرِّيَاحُ كَذَا وَكَذَا وَكَذَلِكَ الْمُؤْمِنُ تُكْفِئُهُ الأوْجَاعُ وَالأمْرَاضُ وَمَثَلُ الْمُنَافِقِ كَمَثَلِ الإرْزَبَّةِ الْمُسْتَقِيمَةِ الَّتِي لا يُصِيبُهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُ الْمَوْتُ فَيَقْصِفَهُ قَصْفاً.


25. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Husayn ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muskan from abu Basir from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘The likeness of the believers is like sprouting plants that are swirled back and forth by the winds. The believers are also turned and bent by pain and illness. The likeness of a hypocrite is that of an iron that is not affected by anything until death comes and shatters him with a (fatal) shattering.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (347/ 9)



26ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مَسْعَدَةَ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) يَوْماً لأصْحَابِهِ مَلْعُونٌ كُلُّ مَالٍ لا يُزَكَّى مَلْعُونٌ كُلُّ جَسَدٍ لا يُزَكَّى وَلَوْ فِي كُلِّ أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْماً مَرَّةً فَقِيلَ يَا رَسُولَ الله أَمَّا زَكَاةُ الْمَالِ فَقَدْ عَرَفْنَاهَا فَمَا زَكَاةُ الأجْسَادِ فَقَالَ لَهُمْ أَنْ تُصَابَ بِ‏آفَةٍ قَالَ فَتَغَيَّرَتْ وُجُوهُ الَّذِينَ سَمِعُوا ذَلِكَ مِنْهُ فَلَمَّا رَآهُمْ قَدْ تَغَيَّرَتْ أَلْوَانُهُمْ قَالَ لَهُمْ أَ تَدْرُونَ مَا عَنَيْتُ بِقَوْلِي قَالُوا لا يَا رَسُولَ الله قَالَ بَلَى الرَّجُلُ يُخْدَشُ الْخَدْشَةَ وَيُنْكَبُ النَّكْبَةَ وَيَعْثُرُ الْعَثْرَةَ وَيُمْرَضُ الْمَرْضَةَ وَيُشَاكُ الشَّوْكَةَ وَمَا أَشْبَهَ هَذَا حَتَّى ذَكَرَ فِي حَدِيثِهِ اخْتِلاجَ الْعَيْنِ.


26. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Harun ibn Muslim from Mas’adah ibn Sadaqa from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah one day said to his companions, ‘Condemned is every property that is not purified by paying al- Zakat (charity), condemned is the body that is not purified once in every forty days.’ He was then asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, we know how property is purified, but what is al-Zakat (purification) of the bodies?’ The Messenger of Allah said, ‘It is the suffering of the body from certain forms of trouble.’ The narrator has said that the faces of those who heard it changed and when he noticed the change in their faces he asked them, ‘Did you understand what I meant by what I just said?’ They said, ‘No, O Messenger of Allah.’ He then said, ‘What I meant was that a man suffers a scratch or a set back, a slip, or illness, or is pricked by a spike or such other things.’ In his Hadith he also mentioned even sourness in the eyes.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (349/ 9)



27ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَ يُبْتَلَى الْمُؤْمِنُ بِالْجُذَامِ وَالْبَرَصِ وَأَشْبَاهِ هَذَا قَالَ فَقَالَ وَهَلْ كُتِبَ الْبَلاءُ إِلا عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِ.


27. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr who has said the following: “Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘Does a believer suffer from leprosy or similar diseases?’ The Imam asked, ‘Is misfortune written for anyone other than the believers?”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/351)



28ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَمَّنْ رَوَاهُ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ لَيَكْرُمُ عَلَى الله حَتَّى لَوْ سَأَلَهُ الْجَنَّةَ بِمَا فِيهَا أَعْطَاهُ ذَلِكَ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَنْتَقِصَ مِنْ مُلْكِهِ شَيْئاً وَإِنَّ الْكَافِرَ لَيَهُونُ عَلَى الله حَتَّى لَوْ سَأَلَهُ الدُّنْيَا بِمَا فِيهَا أَعْطَاهُ ذَلِكَ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَنْتَقِصَ مِنْ مُلْكِهِ شَيْئاً وَإِنَّ الله لَيَتَعَاهَدُ عَبْدَهُ الْمُؤْمِنَ بِالْبَلاءِ كَمَا يَتَعَاهَدُ الْغَائِبُ أَهْلَهُ بِالطُّرَفِ وَإِنَّهُ لَيَحْمِيهِ الدُّنْيَا كَمَا يَحْمِي الطَّبِيبُ الْمَرِيضَ.


28. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from his narrators, from al-Halabi from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “A believer is so important to Allah that if he asks Him paradise and all that is therein. He will give it to him without any shortages caused to His kingdom. The unbeliever is so insignificant before Allah that if he asks the whole world and all that is therein. He will give it to him without any shortages caused in His kingdom. Allah is committed to sending misfortune to the believers just like one’s commitment to his family in sending them souvenirs during his absence from home. He holds him back from worldly things like the physician who holds back a patient from certain food items.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/351)



29ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ فِي كِتَابِ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَنَّ أَشَدَّ النَّاسِ بَلاءً النَّبِيُّونَ ثُمَّ الْوَصِيُّونَ ثُمَّ الأمْثَلُ فَالأمْثَلُ وَإِنَّمَا يُبْتَلَى الْمُؤْمِنُ عَلَى قَدْرِ أَعْمَالِهِ الْحَسَنَةِ فَمَنْ صَحَّ دِينُهُ وَحَسُنَ عَمَلُهُ اشْتَدَّ بَلاؤُهُ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَمْ يَجْعَلِ الدُّنْيَا ثَوَاباً لِمُؤْمِنٍ وَلا عُقُوبَةً لِكَافِرٍ وَمَنْ سَخُفَ دِينُهُ وَضَعُفَ عَمَلُهُ قَلَّ بَلاؤُهُ وَأَنَّ الْبَلاءَ أَسْرَعُ إِلَى الْمُؤْمِنِ التَّقِيِّ مِنَ الْمَطَرِ إِلَى قَرَارِ الأرْضِ.


29. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from Sama’a from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “It is in the book of Ali (a.s.) that the people who suffer from the most intense form of misfortune are the prophets, then the successors of the prophets, then are people of closer position to the successors of the prophets and so on are the other groups. The trials of the believers are proportionate to their good deeds. Whoever’s religion is perfect and his deeds are good, his suffering is more intense because Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has not made this world the reward for the believers or punishment for the unbelievers. Whoever’s religion is inferior and whose deeds are weak, his misfortunes are less. The misfortunes come quicker to the believers than rain to well situated land environment.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (352/ 9)



30ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ هَذَا الَّذِي ظَهَرَ بِوَجْهِي يَزْعُمُ النَّاسُ أَنَّ الله لَمْ يَبْتَلِ بِهِ عَبْداً لَهُ فِيهِ حَاجَةٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ لِي لَقَدْ كَانَ مُؤْمِنُ آلِ فِرْعَوْنَ مُكَنَّعَ الأصَابِعِ فَكَانَ يَقُولُ هَكَذَا وَيَمُدُّ يَدَيْهِ وَيَقُولُ يا قَوْمِ اتَّبِعُوا الْمُرْسَلِينَ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِي إِذَا كَانَ الثُّلُثُ الأخِيرُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فِي أَوَّلِهِ فَتَوَضَّ وَقُمْ إِلَى صَلاتِكَ الَّتِي تُصَلِّيهَا فَإِذَا كُنْتَ فِي السَّجْدَةِ الأخِيرَةِ مِنَ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ الأولَيَيْنِ فَقُلْ وَأَنْتَ سَاجِدٌ يَا عَلِيُّ يَا عَظِيمُ يَا رَحْمَانُ يَا رَحِيمُ يَا سَامِعَ الدَّعَوَاتِ يَا مُعْطِيَ الْخَيْرَاتِ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَعْطِنِي مِنْ خَيْرِ الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ مَا أَنْتَ أَهْلُهُ وَاصْرِفْ عَنِّي مِنْ شَرِّ الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ مَا أَنْتَ أَهْلُهُ وَاذْهَبْ عَنِّي بِهَذَا الْوَجَعِ وَتُسَمِّيهِ فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ غَاظَنِي وَأَحْزَنَنِي وَأَلِحَّ فِي الدُّعَاءِ قَالَ فَمَا وَصَلْتُ إِلَى الْكُوفَةِ حَتَّى أَذْهَبَ الله بِهِ عَنِّي كُلَّهُ.


30. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Malik ibn ‘Atiyyah from Yunus ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Once I said to abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘About this thing that has appeared on my face, people think Allah does not make suffer (from this) any servant in whom He is interested.’ The Imam said, ‘The believer among the people of Pharaoh had crippled fingers. He would extend his fingers and say, “My people follow the Messengers (of Allah).’” Then the Imam said to me, ‘In the beginning of the third part of the night get up and make Wuzu and stand up for your prayer that you pray. In the last prostration of first two Rak’at say, “O the Most high, the Most great, O Beneficent, O Merciful, O the One Who listens to the prayers, O the One Who grants all good, bestow blessings upon Muhammad and his family, recipients of divine supreme covenant, and grant me the good things of the world and of the next life and of that which You deem proper to grant me. Remove from me the evil of this world and of the hereafter and of that which You deem proper to grant and remove from me this pain - mention its name - it has angered and depressed me,” Then insist pleading. ’ The narrator has said that before I reached al-Kufah, Allah had removed that entire thing from my face.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (353/ 9)