25. The Meaning of Allah’s Hand is Tied Up

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1 - أبي رحمه الله قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن أبي - عبد الله البرقي، عن أبيه، عن علي بن نعمان، عن إسحاق بن عمار، عمن سمعه عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام أنه قال في قوله الله عز وجل: (وقالت اليهود يد الله مغلولة): لم يعنوا أنه هكذا، ولكنهم قالوا: قد فرغ من الأمر، فلا يزيد ولا ينقص، فقال الله جل جلاله تكذيبا لقولهم: ﴿غلت أيديهم ولعنوا بما قالوا بل يداه مبسوطتان ينفق كيف يشاء﴾ ألم تسمع الله عز وجل يقول: (يمحو الله ما يشاء ويثبت و عنده أم الكتاب). (١)


1. My father (RA) that Sa`d ibn `Abd Allah said: Ahmad ibn Abu `Abd Allah al-Baqi said on the authority of his father, on the authority of `Ali ibn Nu`man, on the authority of Ishaq ibn `Ammar, on the authority of someone who heard it on the authority of Abu `Abd Allah (AS) that Abu `Abd Allah al-Sadiq (AS) was asked to interpret the Word of Allah: `And the Jews say: The hand of Allah is tied up!’ He said: They do not mean that literally. What they mean is that ”His Command is complete.” Therefore, His Bounties do not increase nor decrease. So Allah, exalted by His glory, demonstrated the error of their view that their hands shall be shackled and they shall be cursed for what they say. Nay, both His hands are spread out, He expends as He pleases. Have you not heard Allah, the Mighty and High say: Allah makes to pass away and establishes what He pleases, and with Him is the basis of the Book?1




2 - حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رحمه الله، قال: حدثنا محمد ابن الحسن الصفار، عن محمد بن عيسى، عن المشرقي، عن عبد الله بن قيس (٢) عن أبي الحسن الرضا عليه السلام قال: سمعته يقول: (بل يداه مبسوطتان) فقلت: له يدان هكذا، وأشرت بيدي إلى يده، فقال: لا، لو كان هكذا لكان مخلوقا. باب معنى رضاه عز وجل وسخطه


2. Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Walid (RA) said: Muhammad ibn al-Hasan alSaffar said on the authority of Muhammad ibn `Isa, on the authority of al-Mashriqi, on the authority of `Abd Allah ibn Qays that Abu al-Hasan al-Rida (AS) said: “Nay, both His Hands are spread out.” So I asked him “Does He have hands like this? And I pointed with my hand to his hand. Consequently, he replied, “No, for if that were the case, He would have been created.”