19. The Seven Rights of Believers Incumbent Upon Other Believers

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7-27 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن محمد بن عبد الجبار، عن الحسن علي بن فضال، عن ثعلبة بن ميمون، عن بعض أصحابنا، عن المعلى بن خنيس قال: قلت لابي عبد الله عليه السلام: ما حق المؤمن على المؤمن؟ قال: سبعة حقوق واجبات ما فيها حق إلا وهو واجب عليه وإن خالفه خرج من ولاية الله وترك طاعته ولم يكن لله عزو جل فيه نصيبقال: قلت: جعلت فداك حدثني ماهي؟ قال: ويحك يا معلى إني شفيق عليك أخشى أن تضيع ولا تحفظ، وتعلم ولا تعمل، قلت لا قوة إلا بالله، قال: أيسر منها أن تحب له ما تحب لنفسك، وتكره له ما تكره لنفسك، والحق الثاني أن تمشي في جاجته وتبتغي رضاه ولا تخالف قوله، والحق الثالث أن تصله بنفسك ومالك ويدك ورجلك ولسانك. والحق الرابع أن تكون عينه ودليله ومرآته وقميصه. والحق الخامس أن لا تشبع ويجوع، ولا تلبس ويعرى، ولا تروي ويظمأ. والحق السادس إن يكون لك امرأة وخادم وليس لاخيك امرأة ولا خادم أن تبعث خادمك فتغسل ثيابه، وتصنع طعامه، وتمهد فراشه، فإن ذلك كله إنما جعل بينك وبينه، والحق السابع أن تبر قسمه وتجيب دعوته، وتشهد جنازته وتعوده في مرضه، وتشخص بدنك في قضاء حاجته، ولا تحوجه إلى أن يسألك ولكن تبادر إلى قضاء حوائجه، فاذا فعلت ذلك به وصلت ولايتك بولايته وولايته بولاية الله عز وجل


7-27 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Sa’ed ibn Abdullah quoted Muhammad ibn Abdul Jab’bar, on the authority of Al-Hassan Ali ibn Fazal, on the authority of Solabat ibn Maymun, on the authority of some companions, on the authority of Al-Moála ibn Khanees, “I asked Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB), ‘What are the rights of the believers incumbent upon other believers?’ The Imam (MGB) replied, ‘There are seven rights for any believer that are incumbent upon other believers to honor. All seven are obligatory. If you do not honor any of these rights, you have left the domain of divine friendship and God’s obedience.’I asked the Imam (MGB), ‘May I be your ransom! What are these seven rights?’ The Imam (MGB) replied, ‘Excellent O Moála! The simplest right is that you should like for them what you like for yourself, and dislike for them what you dislike for yourself. The second right is that you must assist them in fulfilling their needs, please them and not oppose what they say. The third right is that you must use your soul, wealth, tongue, hands and feet to assist them. The fourth right is that you must be like their eyes, their guide, their mirror, and their clothing. The sixth right is that if you have a wife and a servant, and your brother doesn’t, you must send your servant to his house to wash his clothes, prepare his food and make his bed. These are all established duties between you and him. The seventh right is that you must accept his oath and his invitation. You must attend his burial ceremony. You should go to visit him if he gets ill, and make all efforts to fulfill his needs. You should not let him beg you for help, but immediately fulfill his needs. Once you do this, you have tied his friendship and yours together, and have tied your friendship to the Almighty God’s friendship.’”




7-28 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري قال: حدثنا هارون بن مسلم بن سعدان، عن مسعدة بن صدقة الربعي، عن جعفر بن محمد عليهما السلام قال: للمؤمن على المؤمن سبعة حقوق واجبة له من الله عز وجل والله سائله عما صنع فيها: الاجلال له في عينه، والود له في صدره، والمواساة له في ماله، وأن يجب له ما يحب لنفسه وأن يحرم غيبته، وأن يعوده في مرضه، ويشيع جنازته، ولا يقول فيه بعد موته إلا خيرا


7-28 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Abdullah ibn Ja’far al-Homayry quoted Harun ibn Muslim ibn Sa’edan, on the authority of Mus’adat ibn Sadaqah al-Rub’ee, on the authority of Ja’far ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq (MGB), “The Honorable the Exalted God has established seven rights for each believer incumbent upon any other believer as follows:1- He must honor him in his sight.2- He must love him wholeheartedly.3- He must help him.4- He should consider to be good for him whatever he considers to be good for himself and should not gossip about him.5- He should visit him when he gets ill.6- He should attend and escort his funeral procession.7- He should only speak good of him after his death.”