79. A Judge Must Rule Based on what is Apparent in Five Circumstances

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5-89 حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار.عن إبراهيم بن هاشم، عن أبي جعفر المقرئ بإسناده رفعه إلى أبي عبد الله عليه السلام، عن أبيه، عن آبائه عليهم السلام قال: قال أميرالمؤمنين عليه السلام: خمسة أشياء يجب على القاضي الاخذ فيه بظاهر الحكم: الولاية، والمناكح، والمواريث، والذبايح، والشهادات، إذا كان ظاهر الشهود مأمونا جازت شهادتهم ولا يسأل عن باطنهم


5-89 Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Walid - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Saffar quoted Ibrahim ibn Hashim, on the authority of Abi Ja’far al-Muqar’ri who linked it up through a chain of narrators to Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB), on the authority of his father (MGB), on the authority of his forefathers (MGB) that the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (MGB) said, “A judge must rule based on what is apparent in five circumstances: the question of leadership; marriage; inheritance; the offerings; the testimonies - once those who bear witness appear to be upright he must accept their testimony and should not investigate about their inward things.”