Al-Khiṣāl > The Five Great Nobilities of Imam Ali
Hadith #1

5-88 حدثنا أبوعبد الله الحسين بن أحمد الاستر آبادي العدل ببلخ قال: أخبرنا جدي قال: حدثنا محمد بن أحمد الجرجاني قال: حدثنا إسماعيل بن أبان قال: حدثنا زافر بن سليمان، عن إسرائيل، عن عبيد الله بن شريك العامري، عن الحارث بن ثعلبة قال: قلت لسعد: أشهدت شيئا من مناقب علي عليه السلام قال: نعم شهدت له أربع مناقب والخامسة قد شهدتها لان يكون لي واحدة منهن أحب إلي من حمر النعم: بعث رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله أبا بكر ببراءة، ثم أرسل عليا عليه السلام فأخذها منه فرجع أبوبكر فقال: يا رسول الله أنزل في شيء؟ قال: لا إلا أنه لايبلغ عني إلا رجل مني. وسد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله أبواب كانت في المسجد وترك باب علي عليه السلام فقالوا: سددت الابواب وتركت بابه؟ فقال صلى الله عليه وآله: ما انا سددته ولا أنا تركتهقال: وبعث رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله عمر بن الخطاب ورجلا آخر إلى خيبر فرجعا منهزمين فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله: لاعطين الراية غدا رجلا يحب الله ورسوله، ويحبه الله ورسوله في ثناء كثير، قال: فتعرض لها غير واحد فدعا عليا عليه السلام فأعطاه الراية فلم يرجع حتى فتح الله لهوالرابعة يوم غدير خم أخذ رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله بيد علي عليه السلام فرفعها حتى رأى بياض آباطهما فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله: ألست أولى بكم من أنفسكم؟ قالوا: بلى يا رسول الله، قال: فمن كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه، والخامسة خلفه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في أهله ثم لحق به فقال له: أنت مني بمنزلة هارون من موسى ألا أنه لا نبي بعدي

5-88 Abu Abdullah al-Hussein ibn Ahmad al-Astar Abady al-Adl in Balkh narrated that his grandfather quoted Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Gorjany, on the authority of Isma’il ibn Aban, on the authority of Zafir ibn Suleiman, on the authority of Israel, on the authority of Ubaydullah ibn Sharik al-Ameri, on the authority of Al-Harith ibn So’labat, “I asked Sa’ed, ‘Have you ever seen any of the nobilities of Ali (MGB) with your own eyes?’ He replied, ‘Yes, I have seen four nobilities. Sorry. I have seen five nobilities. Even if I had just one of them, I would have loved it more than red-haired camels.The first nobility is that once when God’s Prophet (MGB) had dispatched Abu Bakr with the Bara’at Chapter (Declaration of Immunity) of the Quran to declare and Abu Bakr had left, the Prophet (MGB) sent Ali (MGB) to take that Chapter from Abu Bakr. Then Abu Bakr returned and said, ‘O Prophet of God! Was anything revealed about me?’ The Prophet (MGB) replied, ‘No. The only thing that was revealed was that only someone who is from my own household should propagate this Chapter.’The second nobility is that God’s Prophet (MGB) ordered all his uncles and companions to shut all the doors from the mosque to their homes, except for the one to Ali’s house. They asked, ‘You shut all the doors but left his open?’ The Prophet (MGB) replied, ‘I did not shut those doors, and I did not leave that one open on my own. All that was ordered by the Honorable the Exalted God.The third nobility is that when God’s Prophet (MGB) dispatched Umar ibn al-Khat’tab and another man to fight at Khaybar, they both returned after having been defeated. Then the Prophet (MGB) said, ‘Tomorrow I shall hand over the flag to the one who loves God and the Prophet of God, and the one who is loved by God and the Prophet of God and recites a lot of glorifications of God.’ Many people showed themselves to the Prophet (MGB) to attain this nobility, but he (MGB) called in Ali (MGB) and handed him the flag. Ali (MGB) did not return until God granted him (MGB) victory.The fourth nobility is that on the day of Qadir Khum, God’s Prophet grabbed Ali’s hand and raised him up while asking, ‘Am I not more of a Master over you than you yourselves are?’ The people replied, ‘Yes. O Prophet of God.’ The Prophet (MGB) said, ‘Ali is the Master of whomever I am the Master of.’The fifth nobility is that God’s Prophet (MGB) established Ali (MGB) as his Trustee in his household. Ali (MGB) went to the Prophet (MGB) and the Prophet (MGB) told him, ‘Your position relative to me is the same as Aaron’s position relative to Moses (MGB) - with the only exception that there shall be no Prophets after me.’”