14. The five major sins

Back to book

5-16 حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد ابن الحسن الصفار، عن أيوب بن نوح، وإبراهيم بن هاشم جميعا، عن محمد بن أبي عمير عن بعض أصحابه، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال:وجدنا في كتاب علي عليه السلام: أن الكبائر خمس: الشرك بالله عز وجل، وعقوق الوالدين، وأكل الربا بعد البينة والفرار من الزحف، والتعرب بعد الهجرة


5-16 Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Walid - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Saffar quoted Ayoob ibn Nooh and Ibrahim ibn Hashim, on the authority of Muhammad ibn Abi Umayr, on the authority of some companions, on the authority of Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB) that he had seen the following in Ali’s (MGB) Book, “There are five major sins: associating others as partners with the Honorable the Exalted God; damnation of parents; usury after having clear proof of its forbiddance ; escaping from a holy war and emigration from an Islamic environment.”




5-17 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن عبدالعزيز العبدي، عن عبيد بن زرارة قـال: قلت لأبيعبد الله عليه السلام أخبرني عن الكبائر؟ فقال: هن خمس، وهن مما أوجب الله عز وجل عليهن النار، قال الله عز وجل: "إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَأْكُلُونَ أَمْوَالَ الْيَتَامَى ظُلْمًا إِنَّمَا يَأْكُلُونَ فِي بُطُونِهِمْ نَارًا وَسَيَصْلَوْنَ سَعِيرًا." وقال: "يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا لَقِيتُمْ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا زَحْفًا فَلاَ تُوَلُّوهُمْ الأَدْبَارَ" وقوله: "يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَذَرُوا مَا بَقِيَ مِنْ الرِّبَا…" ورمي المحصنات الغافلات، وقتل المؤمن متعمدا على دينه


5-17 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Sa’ed ibn Abdullah quoted Ahmad ibn Muhammad, on the authority of Al-Hassan ibn Mahboob, on the authority of Abdul Aziz al-Abdi, on the authority of Ubayd ibn Zurarah, “I asked AbaAbdullah as-Sadiq to tell me about the major sins. The Imam (MGB) told me, ‘They are related to the following five which God has made incumbent not to do upon you. The Honorable the Exalted God has said, ‘Those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans, eat up a Fire into their own bodies: They will soon be enduring a Blazing Fire!’ God has also said, ‘O ye who believe! when ye meet the Unbelievers in hostile array, never turn your backs to them.’ God has also said, ‘O ye who believe! Fear God, and give up what remains of your demand for usury, if ye are indeed believers.’ And accusing married women of adultery and intentionally killing a believer for his belief.’”