89. Three Situations in Which God Takes Care of One’s Affairs

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3-11 4 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن القاسم بن محمد، عن سليمان بن داود قال: حدثني حماد بن عيسى، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام: كان فيما وعظ به لقمان ابنه أن قال له يا بني ليعتبر من قصر يقينه وضعفت نيته في طلب الرزق، إن الله تبارك وتعالى خلقه في ثلاثة أحوال من أمره، وآتاه رزقه، ولم يكن له في واحدة منها كسب ولا حيلة: إن الله تبارك وتعالى سيرزقه في الحال الرابعة، أما أول ذلك فانه كان في رحم امه يرزقه هناك في قرار مكين حيث لا يؤذيه حر ولا برد، ثم أخرجه من ذلك وأجرى له رزقا من لبن امه يكفيه به ويربيه وينعشه من غير حول به ولا قوة، ثم فطم من ذلك فأجرى له رزقا من كسب أبويه برأفة ورحمة له من قلوبهما لا يملكان غير ذلك حتى أنهما يؤثرانه على أنفسهما في أحوال كثيرة حتى إذا كبر وعقل واكتسب لنفسه ضاق به أمره وظن الظنون بربه وجحد الحقوق في ماله وقتر على نفسه وعياله مخافة اقتار رزق وسوء يقين بالخلف من الله تبارك وتعالى في العاجل والآجل، فبئس العبد هذا يا بني


3-114 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Sa’ed ibn Abdullah quoted Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad, on the authority of Suleiman ibn Davood, on the authority of Hammad ibn Isa, on the authority of Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB) that the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (MGB) said, “Luqman has said the following amongst the wise advice he gave his son, ‘O my son! One who is weak in Certitude and whose belief about the provision of his sustenance is weak can be reassured considering the three occasions on which God the Blessed the Sublime would take care of his affairs and provide for his sustenance, while he is not able to do anything and cannot earn his sustenance. The first occasion is during the time he is in his mother’s womb where he has no power to do anything, but God provides his sustenance and maintains him in a safe and stable place where he is protected against heat and cold. The second occasion is after he is born and has no power to do anything, but is fed with his mother’s milk until he grows up and stops being breastfed. The third occasion is after he is no longer being breastfed and has no power to do anything but God provides his sustenance through his father’s earnings and by the love He has placed in his father’s heart, such that he always puts a higher priority to feeding and clothing him than he does to feeding and clothing himself. Then once a man grows up he goes out to work to provide for his sustenance. Whenever he has shortcomings and cannot earn enough, he forgets this and is badly suspicious about God the Blessed the Sublime providing his sustenance and makes life hard for his spouse and children. O my son! Such a person would be a bad worshipper!’”