15. Alms-tax On Nine Things

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9-19 حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد ابن يحيى العطار، عن محمد بن أحمد بن يحيى بن عمران الاشعري، عن موسى بن عمر عن محمد بن سنان، عن أبي سعيد القماط، عمن ذكره، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: وضع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله الزكاة على تسعة وعفا عما سوى ذلك: الحنطة والشعير والتمر والزبيب والذهب والفضة والبقر والغنم والابل. فقال السائل: فالذرة؟ فغضب ثم قال: كان والله علي عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله السماسم والذرة والدخن وجميع ذلك فقيل: إنهم يقولون: لم يكن ذلك على عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وإنما وضع على التسعة لما لم يكن بحضرته غير ذلك، فغضب وقال: كذبوا فهل يكون العفو إلا عن شيء قد كان ولا والله ما أعرف شيئا عليه الزكاة غير هذا فمن شاء فليؤمن ومن شاء فليكفر


9-19 Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Walid - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Attar quoted Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Yahya ibn Imran al-Ash’ari, on the authority of Musa ibn Umar, on the authority of Muhammad ibn Sin’an, on the authority of Abi Sa’id al-Qimat, on the authority of someone who linked it up to Aba Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB), “God’s Prophet (MGB) established the alms-tax upon nine things and he forgave other things. They are: wheat, barley, dates, raisins, gold, silver, cows, sheep and camels.’ Someone asked, ‘How about corn?’ The Imam (MGB) became angry and said, ‘I swear by God that in the Prophet’s (MGB) lifetime sesame seeds, corn and birds’ seeds were all available.’ He was told, ‘It is said that these did not exist at the time of the Prophet (MGB). That is why he (MGB) has only established the alms-tax on those nine items.’ The Imam (MGB) became angry again and said, ‘They lie. The Prophet’s (MGB) explicit order was to forgive everything else. One may only forgive what exists. I swear by God that the alms-tax has been made obligatory on nothing else but these nine things. Whoever wishes can accept it and anyone who doesn’t wish can deny it and become an atheist.’”




9-20 حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد ابن عيسى، عن أحمد بن محمد بن أبي نصر البزنطي، عن جميل قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام في كم الزكاة؟ فقال: في تسعة أشياء وضعها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وعفا عما سوى ذلك فقال الطيار: إن عندنا حبا يقال له الارز؟ فقال له أبوعبد الله عليه السلام وعندنا أيضا حب كثير فقال له: عليه شيء؟ قال: ألم أقل لك إن رسول اله صلى الله عليه وآله عفا عما سوى ذلك، منها الذهب والفضة، وثلاث من الحيوان: الابل والغنم والبقر، ومما أنبتت الارض: الحنطة والشعير والزبيب والتمر


9-20 (The compiler of the book narrated) that his father - may God be pleased with him - narrated that Sa’ed ibn Abdullah quoted Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa, on the authority of Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Nasr al-Bazanty, on the authority of Jameel, “I asked Abdullah as-Sadiq (MGB) about how many items require alms-tax. The Imam (MGB) said, “Nine things require alms-tax which God’s Prophet (MGB) has established. He (MGB) has forgiven tax on other things.” One of those present called al-Tayyar said, “We plant some thing which we call rice.” The Imam (MGB) said, “We plant a lot of things, too.” He asked, “Is there any alms-tax on rice?” The Imam (MGB) said, “Did I not say that God’s Prophet (MGB) has forgiven tax on anything else. These nine things include gold and silver. They also include three animals that are camels, sheep and cows. The rest are from things which grow on the Earth and are wheat, barley, raisins and dates.”