23. Chapter on Miscellaneous Ahadith

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ النَّصْرِيِّ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ قَوْلِ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ هالِكٌ إِلا وَجْهَهُ فَقَالَ مَا يَقُولُونَ فِيهِ قُلْتُ يَقُولُونَ يَهْلِكُ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ إِلا وَجْهَ الله فَقَالَ سُبْحَانَ الله لَقَدْ قَالُوا قَوْلاً عَظِيماً إِنَّمَا عَنَى بِذَلِكَ وَجْهَ الله الَّذِي يُؤْتَى مِنْهُ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Ni‘man from Sayf ibn ‘Umayr from those whom he mentioned from al-Harith ibn al-Mughira al-Nasri who has said the following. “A person asked Imam abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) about the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, “Everything will be destroyed except God. . .” (28:88) The Imam (a.s.) asked, “What do they say about it?” I replied, “They say that everything will perish except the face of Allah.” The Imam (a.s.) said, “Glory belongs to Allah. What they say is monstrous. What is meant thereby is that aspect of Allah’s relation with people through which (persons of highest degree of excellence) they establish faith in Him.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/111)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ الْجَمَّالِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ هالِكٌ إِلا وَجْهَهُ قَالَ مَنْ أَتَى الله بِمَا أُمِرَ بِهِ مِنْ طَاعَةِ مُحَمَّدٍ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَهُوَ الْوَجْهُ الَّذِي لا يَهْلِكُ وَكَذَلِكَ قَالَ مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطاعَ الله.


2. A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from Safwan al-Jammal from Imam abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) the following. “I asked Imam abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) about the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, “Everything will be destroyed except God. . .” (28:88) The Imam (a.s.) said, “It means whoever comes to Allah through obeying His commandments, i.e. following Prophet Muhammad (s.a.) is the face (the aspect of Allah’s relation with people) of Allah that does not perish. So also is His words, “One who obeys the Messenger has certainly obeyed God . .” (4:80).


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/113)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَلامٍ النَّخَّاسِ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ نَحْنُ الْمَثَانِي الَّذِي أَعْطَاهُ الله نَبِيَّنَا مُحَمَّداً (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَنَحْنُ وَجْهُ الله نَتَقَلَّبُ فِي الارْضِ بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِكُمْ وَنَحْنُ عَيْنُ الله فِي خَلْقِهِ وَيَدُهُ الْمَبْسُوطَةُ بِالرَّحْمَةِ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ عَرَفَنَا مَنْ عَرَفَنَا وَجَهِلَنَا مَنْ جَهِلَنَا وَإِمَامَةَ الْمُتَّقِينَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sinan from abu Salam al-Khannas from some of our people from Imam abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following. “We (family of Prophet Muhammad) are the al-Mathani (one of two) that Allah gave to Prophet Muhammad (s.a.). We are the Wajhullah (face of Allah, meaning a certain aspect of Allah’s relation with people) that move among you on earth. We are the eyes of Allah (overseers or observers from the side of Allah) in His creatures. We are the hands of Allah that are open with blessings for His servants. Those who wanted to know us have known us. There are people who are ignorant about us they are ignorant of us and of the leadership of the pious people.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/113)



4ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الاشْعَرِيُّ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَلله الاسْماءُ الْحُسْنى‏ فَادْعُوهُ بِها قَالَ نَحْنُ وَالله الاسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى الَّتِي لا يَقْبَلُ الله مِنَ الْعِبَادِ عَمَلاً إِلا بِمَعْرِفَتِنَا.


4. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad al-Ash‘ari and Muhammad ibn Yahya altogether have narrated from Ahmad ibn Ishaq from Su‘dan ibn Muslim from Mu‘awiya ibn ‘Ammar from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following about the words of Allah. “God has the most blessed Names. You should address Him in your worship by these Names . .” (7:180) The Imam said, “We, I swear by Allah, are the most blessed names of Allah without which Allah does not accept any of the good deeds of His servants until they know us properly.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/115)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ بَكْرِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْهَيْثَمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ مَرْوَانَ بْنِ صَبَّاحٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ الله خَلَقَنَا فَأَحْسَنَ خَلْقَنَا وَصَوَّرَنَا فَأَحْسَنَ صُوَرَنَا وَجَعَلَنَا عَيْنَهُ فِي عِبَادِهِ وَلِسَانَهُ النَّاطِقَ فِي خَلْقِهِ وَيَدَهُ الْمَبْسُوطَةَ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ بِالرَّأْفَةِ وَالرَّحْمَةِ وَوَجْهَهُ الَّذِي يُؤْتَى مِنْهُ وَبَابَهُ الَّذِي يَدُلُّ عَلَيْهِ وَخُزَّانَهُ فِي سَمَائِهِ وَأَرْضِهِ بِنَا أَثْمَرَتِ الاشْجَارُ وَأَيْنَعَتِ الثِّمَارُ وَجَرَتِ الانْهَارُ وَبِنَا يَنْزِلُ غَيْثُ السَّمَاءِ وَيَنْبُتُ عُشْبُ الارْضِ وَبِعِبَادَتِنَا عُبِدَ الله وَلَوْ لا نَحْنُ مَا عُبِدَ الله.


5. Muhammad ibn abu ‘Abdallah ibn Muhammad ibn Isma‘il has narrated from al-Husayn ibn al-Hassan from Bakr ibn Salih from al-Hassan ibn Sa‘id from al-Haytham ibn ‘Abdallah from Marwan ibn Salih who has said that Imam abu ‘Abdallah has said the following. “Allah created us and made it well. He gave us our form and formed it well. He made us His eyes among His servants and His speaking tongue in His creatures. He made us His open hands over His servants with kindness and mercy. He has made us his face through which He is approached and his door that shows the way leading to Him. He made us His treasurers in the heavens and on earth. Through us the trees give fruit and the fruits ripen and the canals flow. Through us the skies send rain and plants grow on earth. Through our worship Allah is worshipped and were we not there Allah would not have been worshipped.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/117)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ عَمِّهِ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَلَمَّا آسَفُونا انْتَقَمْنا مِنْهُمْ فَقَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لا يَأْسَفُ كَأَسَفِنَا وَلَكِنَّهُ خَلَقَ أَوْلِيَاءَ لِنَفْسِهِ يَأْسَفُونَ وَيَرْضَوْنَ وَهُمْ مَخْلُوقُونَ مَرْبُوبُونَ فَجَعَلَ رِضَاهُمْ رِضَا نَفْسِهِ وَسَخَطَهُمْ سَخَطَ نَفْسِهِ لانَّهُ جَعَلَهُمُ الدُّعَاةَ إِلَيْهِ وَالادِلاءَ عَلَيْهِ فَلِذَلِكَ صَارُوا كَذَلِكَ وَلَيْسَ أَنَّ ذَلِكَ يَصِلُ إِلَى الله كَمَا يَصِلُ إِلَى خَلْقِهِ لَكِنْ هَذَا مَعْنَى مَا قَالَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ وَقَدْ قَالَ مَنْ أَهَانَ لِي وَلِيّاً فَقَدْ بَارَزَنِي بِالْمُحَارَبَةِ وَدَعَانِي إِلَيْهَا وَقَالَ مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطاعَ الله وَقَالَ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُبايِعُونَكَ إِنَّما يُبايِعُونَ الله يَدُ الله فَوْقَ أَيْدِيهِمْ فَكُلُّ هَذَا وَشِبْهُهُ عَلَى مَا ذَكَرْتُ لَكَ وَهَكَذَا الرِّضَا وَالْغَضَبُ وَغَيْرُهُمَا مِنَ الاشْيَاءِ مِمَّا يُشَاكِلُ ذَلِكَ وَلَوْ كَانَ يَصِلُ إِلَى الله الاسَفُ وَالضَّجَرُ وَهُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَهُمَا وَأَنْشَأَهُمَا لَجَازَ لِقَائِلِ هَذَا أَنْ يَقُولَ إِنَّ الْخَالِقَ يَبِيدُ يَوْماً مَا لانَّهُ إِذَا دَخَلَهُ الْغَضَبُ وَالضَّجَرُ دَخَلَهُ التَّغْيِيرُ وَإِذَا دَخَلَهُ التَّغْيِيرُ لَمْ يُؤْمَنْ عَلَيْهِ الابَادَةُ ثُمَّ لَمْ يُعْرَفِ الْمُكَوِّنُ مِنَ الْمُكَوَّنِ وَلا الْقَادِرُ مِنَ الْمَقْدُورِ عَلَيْهِ وَلا الْخَالِقُ مِنَ الْمَخْلُوقِ تَعَالَى الله عَنْ هَذَا الْقَوْلِ عُلُوّاً كَبِيراً بَلْ هُوَ الْخَالِقُ لِلاشْيَاءِ لا لِحَاجَةٍ فَإِذَا كَانَ لا لِحَاجَةٍ اسْتَحَالَ الْحَدُّ وَالْكَيْفُ فِيهِ فَافْهَمْ إِنْ شَاءَ الله تَعَالَى.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘a from his uncle, Hamza ibn Bazi‘a from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following about the words of Allah. “When they invoked Our anger, (43:54). We took revenge on them . .” (43:55). “Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, does not become frustrated the way we do. But He has created friends for his-Own-self who become frustrated and at times happy. They are created. They worship (Allah). He has designed their happiness to be His Own happiness and their anger as His-Own anger. It is because He has assigned them to guide people to Him and serve as proof of His existence. For this reason such conditions belong to them. This does not reach Allah the way it reaches people. The meaning is what just mentioned. He has also said, “Whoever would humiliate My friends such people have declared war against Me with challenge.” He has also said, “One who obeys the Messenger has certainly obeyed God. . .” (4:80). “Those who pledge obedience to you are, in fact, pledging obedience to God. The hands of God are above their hands. . .” (48:10). All of these and other similar ones mean what I just said. The same is the case with anger and happiness and other such matters. Had it been possible for frustration and anger to reach Allah one could have said that one-day Allah will banish altogether. It is because if anger and frustration would reach Him changes also would take place in Him and, thus, He will not remain safe from banishment. As a result, there would exist no distinction between the created and the Creator, between the Almighty and those subject to such might and power. No distinction would remain between the created and the Creator. Allah is far above such things, and is the Most High and Most Great. He is the Creator of all things not because he needed them. If it would be without the need then it would be impossible to limit Him with limits and conditions. Note this if Allah would will it to be so.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (118/ 2)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حُمْرَانَ عَنْ أَسْوَدَ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ كُنْتُ عِنْدَ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَأَنْشَأَ يَقُولُ ابْتِدَاءً مِنْهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ أَسْأَلَهُ نَحْنُ حُجَّةُ الله وَنَحْنُ بَابُ الله وَنَحْنُ لِسَانُ الله وَنَحْنُ وَجْهُ الله وَنَحْنُ عَيْنُ الله فِي خَلْقِهِ وَنَحْنُ وُلاةُ أَمْرِ الله فِي عِبَادِهِ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from Muhammad ibn Humran from Aswad ibn Sa‘id who has said the following. “I was in the presence of Imam abu Ja‘far (a.s.), who began to speak without any question from me.” “We are the authority of Allah. We are the door to Allah. We are the tongue of Allah. We are the face of Allah. We are the eyes of Allah in His people. We are the authority in the commandments of Allah among His servants.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/120)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ حَسَّانَ الْجَمَّالِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي هَاشِمُ بْنُ أَبِي عُمَارَةَ الْجَنْبِيُّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ أَنَا عَيْنُ الله وَأَنَا يَدُ الله وَأَنَا جَنْبُ الله وَأَنَا بَابُ الله.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Ahmad ibn abu Nasr from Hassan al-Jammal who has said that Hashim ibn abu ‘Ammara al-Janbi reported to him this. “I heard Amirul Mu’minin Ali (a.s.) saying, ‘I am the eyes of Allah. I am the hands of Allah. I am the sides of Allah. I am the door to Allah.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول بهاشم بنغابي وعمار الجنب ي - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (120/ 2)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ عَمِّهِ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهما السَّلام) فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يا حَسْرَتى‏ عَلى‏ ما فَرَّطْتُ فِي جَنْبِ الله قَالَ جَنْبُ الله أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَكَذَلِكَ مَا كَانَ بَعْدَهُ مِنَ الاوْصِيَاءِ بِالْمَكَانِ الرَّفِيعِ إِلَى أَنْ يَنْتَهِيَ الامْرُ إِلَى آخِرِهِمْ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘a from his uncle Hamza ibn Bazi‘a from Ali ibn Suwayd from abu al-Hassan Musa ibn Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following. About the words of Allah “Woe to me because of my failure to fulfill my duties from the side of God. .” (39:56). The Imam (a.s.) said that the side of Allah is Amirul Mu’minin (a.s.) and so are the successors of the high position until the matters will reach to the last one among them.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/121)



10ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جُمْهُورٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الصَّلْتِ عَنِ الْحَكَمِ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ ابْنَيْ حَبِيبٍ عَنْ بُرَيْدٍ الْعِجْلِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ بِنَا عُبِدَ الله وَبِنَا عُرِفَ الله وَبِنَا وُحِّدَ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى وَمُحَمَّدٌ حِجَابُ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى.


10. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Jumhur from Ali ibn al-Salt from al-Hakam and Isma‘il sons of Habid from Burayd al-‘Ijli who has said the following. “I heard Imam abu Ja‘far (a.s.) saying, ‘Through us Allah is worshipped. Through us Allah is known. Through us belief in the Oneness of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, is established. Muhammad is the Hijab (curtain) of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (121/ 2)



11ـ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ عَبْدِ الْوَهَّابِ بْنِ بِشْرٍ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ قَادِمٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ ابي جعفر (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَما ظَلَمُونا وَلكِنْ كانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ قَالَ إِنَّ الله تَعَالَى أَعْظَمُ وَأَعَزُّ وَأَجَلُّ وَأَمْنَعُ مِنْ أَنْ يُظْلَمَ وَلَكِنَّهُ خَلَطَنَا بِنَفْسِهِ فَجَعَلَ ظُلْمَنَا ظُلْمَهُ وَوَلايَتَنَا وَلايَتَهُ حَيْثُ يَقُولُ إِنَّما وَلِيُّكُمُ الله وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا يَعْنِي الائِمَّةَ مِنَّا ثُمَّ قَالَ فِي مَوْضِعٍ آخَرَ وَما ظَلَمُونا وَلكِنْ كانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ مِثْلَهُ.


11. Some of our people have narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abdallah from ‘Abdal Wahhab ibn Bishr from Musa ibn Qadim from Sulayman from Zurara from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said the following. “I asked the Imam about the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, “They (children of Israel) did not wrong Us but they wronged themselves.” (2:57) The Imam said, “Allah is far Great and Majestic and Mighty above being wronged. But He has mixed us with His Own-self. He has considered the wrong done to us as being done to Him and His Own authority as our authority as He has said, “Only God, His Messenger, and the true believers who are steadfast in prayer and pay alms, while they kneel during prayer, are your guardians” (5:55). It means the Imams from us. Allah has also said, “They (children of Israel) did not wrong Us but wronged themselves. (2:57)” Then he mentioned a similar statement.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (122/ 2)