Al-Kāfi - Volume 4 > The Rare Ahadith about Tawaf
Hadith #7

7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَ تَدْرِي لِمَ سُمِّيَتِ الطَّائِفَ قُلْتُ لا قَالَ إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لَمَّا دَعَا رَبَّهُ أَنْ يَرْزُقَ أَهْلَهُ مِنَ الثَّمَرَاتِ قَطَعَ لَهُمْ قِطْعَةً مِنَ الأَرْدَنِ فَأَقْبَلَتْ حَتَّى طَافَتْ بِالْبَيْتِ سَبْعاً ثُمَّ أَقَرَّهَا الله فِي مَوْضِعِهَا وَإِنَّمَا سُمِّيَتِ الطَّائِفَ لِلطَّوَافِ بِالْبَيْتِ.

7. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad who has said the following: “Once abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked me, ‘Why is the name al-Ta’if?’ I (the narrator) replied, ‘No, I do not know.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘When Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, prayed to his Lord to provide his family with sustenance, Allah cut a piece of land from ’ Adan (a mountain in al-Sham). It came and performed Tawaf around the House seven times then Allah set it in its place and it is called al-Ta’if because of its performing Tawaf around the House.’”