Al-Kāfi - Volume 4 > The Rare Ahadith
Hadith #1

1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَقِيلٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ الرِّفَاعِيِّ رَفَعَهُ أَنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) سُئِلَ عَنِ الْوُقُوفِ بِالْجَبَلِ لِمَ لَمْ يَكُنْ فِي الْحَرَمِ فَقَالَ لأَنَّ الْكَعْبَةَ بَيْتُهُ وَالْحَرَمَ بَابُهُ فَلَمَّا قَصَدُوهُ وَافِدِينَ وَقَفَهُمْ بِالْبَابِ يَتَضَرَّعُونَ قِيلَ لَهُ فَالْمَشْعَرُ الْحَرَامُ لِمَ صَارَ فِي الْحَرَمِ قَالَ لأَنَّهُ لَمَّا أَذِنَ لَهُمْ بِالدُّخُولِ وَقَفَهُمْ بِالْحِجَابِ الثَّانِي فَلَمَّا طَالَ تَضَرُّعُهُمْ بِهَا أَذِنَ لَهُمْ لِتَقْرِيبِ قُرْبَانِهِمْ فَلَمَّا قَضَوْا تَفَثَهُمْ تَطَهَّرُوا بِهَا مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ حِجَاباً بَيْنَهُمْ وَبَيْنَهُ أَذِنَ لَهُمْ بِالزِّيَارَةِ عَلَى الطَّهَارَةِ قِيلَ لَهُ فَلِمَ حُرِّمَ الصِّيَامُ أَيَّامَ التَّشْرِيقِ قَالَ لأَنَّ الْقَوْمَ زُوَّارُ الله وَهُمْ فِي ضِيَافَتِهِ وَلا يَجْمُلُ بِمُضِيفٍ أَنْ يُصَوِّمَ أَضْيَافَهُ قِيلَ لَهُ فَالتَّعَلُّقُ بِأَسْتَارِ الْكَعْبَةِ لأَيِّ مَعْنًى هُوَ قَالَ مَثَلُ رَجُلٍ لَهُ عِنْدَ آخَرَ جِنَايَةٌ وَذَنْبٌ فَهُوَ يَتَعَلَّقُ بِثَوْبِهِ يَتَضَرَّعُ إِلَيْهِ وَيَخْضَعُ لَهُ أَنْ يَتَجَافَى عَنْ ذَنْبِهِ.

1. Muhammad ibn ‘Aqil has narrated from al-Hassan ibn al-Husayn from Ali ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hassan from Muhammad ibn Yazid aI-Rifa’ ‘iy who in a marfu‘ manner has narrated from ’Amir al-Mu’minin the following: “’Amir al-Mu’minin was asked about staying on the hill, why it is not inside the Sacred area (al- Haram)?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is because al-Ka‘bah is His house and al-Haram (the sacred area) is its door. When people wanted to come to His House, He made them stand, wait at the door and appeal for permission.’ It was asked from him, ‘Why is al-Mash‘ar al-Haram part of al-Haram?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is because when permission was given to come, He made them to stop on the second barrier but when their pleading prolonged, permission was granted to them to move their offerings closer. When they cleaned themselves with it, they became clean of sins, which were as barriers between them, and He granted permission to visit (His House) in a clean condition.’ It was then asked, ‘Why is fasting during the bright days not permissible?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is because people are Allah’s visitors, they are His guests and it is not nice for a host that his guests remain fasting.’ He was asked, ‘Why should one hold to the curtains of al-Ka‘bah and what does it mean?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is like one who has committed a crime against another person; thus he holds to his clothes and expresses humility before him to forgive him his sins and crime.’”