22. Principle of Impartiality

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[1/113] الفقيه: محمد بن علي بن الحسين باسناده المعتبر عن عبدالله بن المغيرة عن غير واحد من أصحابنا عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام في رجلين كان معهما درهمان فقال أحدهما: الدرهمان لي، وقال الآخر: هما بيني وبينك، فقال: أما الذي قال: هما بيني وبينك فقد أقر بأن أحد الدرهمين ليس له وأنه لصاحبه ويقسم الآخر بينهما


1. [1/113] al-Faqih: Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Husayn via his reliable chain to Abdallah b. al-Mughira from more than one of our companions from Abi Abdillah عليه السلام in regards two men who have two Dirhams between them, one of them says: they are both mine, while the other says: they are between me and you (one is mine and the other is yours), he said: as for the one who says: ‘they are between me and you’ then he has acknowledged that one of the Dirhams is not his and that it belongs to his fellow (he has already abandoned his claim over one of the Dirhams), and the remaining one is divided between them (i.e. each one gets a half).


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Shaykh Asif al-Mohseni: معتبر - Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara



[-/2] الفقيه: باسناده عن السكوني عن الصادق جعفر بن محمد، عن أبيه عليهما السلام في رجل استودع رجلا دينارين واستودعه آخر دينارا فضاع دينار منهما، فقال: يعطى صاحب الدينارين دينارا ويقتسمان الدينار الباقي بينهما نصفين


2. [2/-] al-Faqih: Via his chain to al-Sakuni from al-Sadiq Ja`far b. Muhammad from his father عليهما السلام in regards someone who gives a man two Dinars for safekeeping and another gives the man one Dinar (they become three), then one of the Dinars is lost, he said: the one who had two Dinars is given a Dinar and the remaining Dinar is divided between the both of them equally.


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Shaykh Asif al-Mohseni: معتبر - Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara



[-/3] الكافي: محمد بن يحيى، عن محمد بن أحمد، عن الخشاب، عن غياث بن كلوب، عن إسحاق بن عمار، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام أن رجلين اختصما إلى أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام في دابة … فقيل له: فلو لم تكن في يد واحد منهما وأقاما البينة؟ قال: أحلفهما فأيهما حلف ونكل الآخر جعلتها للحالف، فإن حلفا جميعا جعلتها بينهما نصفين …


3. [3/-] al-Kafi: Muhammad b. Yahya from Muhammad b. Ahmad from al-Khashshab from Ghiyath b. Kalub from Ishaq b. Ammar from Abi Abdillah عليه السلام that: two men disputed with each other in front of the commander of the faithful عليه السلام about an animal (each one laid a claim to it) … it was said to him: what if it is not in the hands of either one of them [no one has possession of it] but both produce evidence [have witnesses for it]? he said: I make them both to swear an oath and I rule in favour of the one who swears and against the one who reneges, but if both of them swear I rule for each of them to have one-half of it …


Grading:

Shaykh Asif al-Mohseni: معتبر - Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara



[-/4] الكافي: محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد عن محمد بن يحيى، عن غياث بن إبراهيم، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام أن أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام اختصم إليه رجلان في دابة وكلاهما أقام البينة أنه انتجها فقضى بها للذي هي في يده وقال: لو لم تكن في يده جعلتها بينهما نصفين


4. [4/-] al-Kafi: Muhammad b. Yahya from Ahmad b. Muhammad from Muhammad b. Yahya from Ghiyath b. Ibrahim from Abi Abdillah عليه السلام that: two people disputed about an animal in front of the commander of the faithful عليه السلام and both were able to produce evidence [witnesses] that they foaled it, so he ruled in favour of the one in whose hands it was [possessed it already], and he said: if it was not in his possession I would have divided it equally between them.


Grading:

Shaykh Asif al-Mohseni: معتبر - Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara



[-/5] الكافي: محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن فضال، عن أبي جميلة، عن سماك بن حرب، عن تميم بن طرفة أن رجلين عرفا بعيرا فأقام كل واحد منهما بينة فجعله أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام بينهما


5. [5/-] al-Kafi: Muhammad b. Yahya from Ahmad b. Muhammad from Ibn Fadhal from Abi Jamila from Simak b. Harb from Tamim b. Tarafa that: two men laid claim to a camel and each one of them produced evidence (to back up his claim) so the commander of the faithful عليه السلام made it out to both of them.


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Shaykh Asif al-Mohseni: معتبر - Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara



[6/114] التهذيب: عن علي بن الحسن، عن محمد بن الوليد، عن يونس بن يعقوب، عن ابى عبدالله عليه السلام في امرأة تموت قبل الرجل او رجل قبل المرأة قال: ما كان من متاع النساء فهو للمرأة وما كان من متاع الرجل والنساء فهو بينهما …


6. [6/114] al-Tahdhib: From Ali b. al-Hasan from Muhammad b. al-Walid from Yunus b. Ya`qub from Abi Abdillah عليه السلام in regards a woman who dies before her husband or the man dies before his wife – he said: whatever of the possessions which [conventionally] belong to women then it is for the wife and whatever of the possessions which [conventionally] belong to both men and women then it is to be divided between them …


Grading:

Shaykh Asif al-Mohseni: معتبر - Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara



[-/7] التهذيب: عن محمد بن أحمد بن يحيى عن محمد بن الحسين عن الحسن بن مسكين عن رفاعة النخاس عن ابي عبدالله عليه السلام قال: إذا طلق الرجل امرأته وفي بيتها متاع فادعت ان المتاع لها وادعى الرجل ان المتاع له كان له ما للرجال ولها ما للنساء وما يكون للرجال والنساء قسم بينهما


7. [7/-] al-Tahdhib: From Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Yahya from Muhammad b. al-Husayn from al-Hasan b. Miskin from Rifa`a al-Nakhas from Abi Abdillah عليه السلام who said: if a man divorces his wife and in her house are possessions which she claims are hers while the man claims are his then for him is what belongs to men [conventionally] and for her are what belongs to women [conventionally] and those which can belong to either of them are divided between the two.


Grading:

Shaykh Asif al-Mohseni: معتبر - Muʿjam al-Aḥādīth al-Muʿtabara