79. Hadith

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عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ الْحَذَّاءِ عَنْ ثُوَيْرِ بْنِ أَبِي فَاخِتَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ (عليه السلام) يُحَدِّثُ فِي مَسْجِدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَاهُ عَلِيَّ بْنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ (عليه السلام) يُحَدِّثُ النَّاسَ قَالَ إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْقِيَامَةِ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى النَّاسَ مِنْ حُفَرِهِمْ عُزْلًا بُهْماً جُرْداً مُرْداً فِي صَعِيدٍ وَاحِدٍ يَسُوقُهُمُ النُّورُ وَ تَجْمَعُهُمُ الظُّلْمَةُ حَتَّى يَقِفُوا عَلَى عَقَبَةِ الْمَحْشَرِ فَيَرْكَبُ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضاً وَ يَزْدَحِمُونَ دُونَهَا فَيُمْنَعُونَ مِنَ الْمُضِيِّ فَتَشْتَدُّ أَنْفَاسُهُمْ وَ يَكْثُرُ عَرَقُهُمْ وَ تَضِيقُ بِهِمْ أُمُورُهُمْ وَ يَشْتَدُّ ضَجِيجُهُمْ وَ تَرْتَفِعُ أَصْوَاتُهُمْ قَالَ وَ هُوَ أَوَّلُ هَوْلٍ مِنْ أَهْوَالِ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ قَالَ فَيُشْرِفُ الْجَبَّارُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ فَوْقِ عَرْشِهِ فِي ظِلَالٍ مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ فَيَأْمُرُ مَلَكاً مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ فَيُنَادِي فِيهِمْ يَا مَعْشَرَ الْخَلَائِقِ أَنْصِتُوا وَ اسْتَمِعُوا مُنَادِيَ الْجَبَّارِ قَالَ فَيَسْمَعُ آخِرُهُمْ كَمَا يَسْمَعُ أَوَّلُهُمْ قَالَ فَتَنْكَسِرُ أَصْوَاتُهُمْ عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ وَ تَخْشَعُ أَبْصَارُهُمْ وَ تَضْطَرِبُ فَرَائِصُهُمْ وَ تَفْزَعُ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَ يَرْفَعُونَ رُءُوسَهُمْ إِلَى نَاحِيَةِ الصَّوْتِ مُهْطِعِينَ إِلَى الدَّاعِ قَالَ فَعِنْدَ ذَلِكَ يَقُولُ الْكَافِرُ هذا يَوْمٌ عَسِرٌ قَالَ فَيُشْرِفُ الْجَبَّارُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ الْحَكَمُ الْعَدْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا اللَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنَا الْحَكَمُ الْعَدْلُ الَّذِي لَا يَجُورُ الْيَوْمَ أَحْكُمُ بَيْنَكُمْ بِعَدْلِي وَ قِسْطِي لَا يُظْلَمُ الْيَوْمَ عِنْدِي أَحَدٌ الْيَوْمَ آخُذُ لِلضَّعِيفِ مِنَ الْقَوِيِّ بِحَقِّهِ وَ لِصَاحِبِ الْمَظْلِمَةِ بِالْمَظْلِمَةِ بِالْقِصَاصِ مِنَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَ السَّيِّئَاتِ وَ أُثِيبُ عَلَى الْهِبَاتِ وَ لَا يَجُوزُ هَذِهِ الْعَقَبَةَ الْيَوْمَ عِنْدِي ظَالِمٌ وَ لِأَحَدٍ عِنْدَهُ مَظْلِمَةٌ إِلَّا مَظْلِمَةً يَهَبُهَا صَاحِبُهَا وَ أُثِيبُهُ عَلَيْهَا وَ آخُذُ لَهُ بِهَا عِنْدَ الْحِسَابِ فَتَلَازَمُوا أَيُّهَا الْخَلَائِقُ وَ اطْلُبُوا مَظَالِمَكُمْ عِنْدَ مَنْ ظَلَمَكُمْ بِهَا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ أَنَا شَاهِدٌ لَكُمْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَ كَفَى بِي شَهِيداً قَالَ فَيَتَعَارَفُونَ وَ يَتَلَازَمُونَ فَلَا يَبْقَى أَحَدٌ لَهُ عِنْدَ أَحَدٍ مَظْلِمَةٌ أَوْ حَقٌّ إِلَّا لَزِمَهُ بِهَا قَالَ فَيَمْكُثُونَ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ فَيَشْتَدُّ حَالُهُمْ وَ يَكْثُرُ عَرَقُهُمْ وَ يَشْتَدُّ غَمُّهُمْ وَ تَرْتَفِعُ أَصْوَاتُهُمْ بِضَجِيجٍ شَدِيدٍ فَيَتَمَنَّوْنَ الْمَخْلَصَ مِنْهُ بِتَرْكِ مَظَالِمِهِمْ لِأَهْلِهَا قَالَ وَ يَطَّلِعُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ عَلَى جَهْدِهِمْ فَيُنَادِي مُنَادٍ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى يُسْمِعُ آخِرَهُمْ كَمَا يُسْمِعُ أَوَّلَهُمْ يَا مَعْشَرَ الْخَلَائِقِ أَنْصِتُوا لِدَاعِي اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى وَ اسْمَعُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى يَقُولُ [لَكُمْ] أَنَا الْوَهَّابُ إِنْ أَحْبَبْتُمْ أَنْ تَوَاهَبُوا فَتَوَاهَبُوا وَ إِنْ لَمْ تَوَاهَبُوا أَخَذْتُ لَكُمْ بِمَظَالِمِكُمْ قَالَ فَيَفْرَحُونَ بِذَلِكَ لِشِدَّةِ جَهْدِهِمْ وَ ضِيقِ مَسْلَكِهِمْ وَ تَزَاحُمِهِمْ قَالَ فَيَهَبُ بَعْضُهُمْ مَظَالِمَهُمْ رَجَاءَ أَنْ يَتَخَلَّصُوا مِمَّا هُمْ فِيهِ وَ يَبْقَى بَعْضُهُمْ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ مَظَالِمُنَا أَعْظَمُ مِنْ أَنْ نَهَبَهَا قَالَ فَيُنَادِي مُنَادٍ مِنْ تِلْقَاءِ الْعَرْشِ أَيْنَ رِضْوَانُ خَازِنُ الْجِنَانِ جِنَانِ الْفِرْدَوْسِ قَالَ فَيَأْمُرُهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ أَنْ يُطْلِعَ مِنَ الْفِرْدَوْسِ قَصْراً مِنْ فِضَّةٍ بِمَا فِيهِ مِنَ الْأَبْنِيَةِ وَ الْخَدَمِ قَالَ فَيُطْلِعُهُ عَلَيْهِمْ فِي حِفَافَةِ الْقَصْرِ الْوَصَائِفُ وَ الْخَدَمُ قَالَ فَيُنَادِي مُنَادٍ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى يَا مَعْشَرَ الْخَلَائِقِ ارْفَعُوا رُءُوسَكُمْ فَانْظُرُوا إِلَى هَذَا الْقَصْرِ قَالَ فَيَرْفَعُونَ رُءُوسَهُمْ فَكُلُّهُمْ يَتَمَنَّاهُ قَالَ فَيُنَادِي مُنَادٍ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى يَا مَعْشَرَ الْخَلَائِقِ هَذَا لِكُلِّ مَنْ عَفَا عَنْ مُؤْمِنٍ قَالَ فَيَعْفُونَ كُلُّهُمْ إِلَّا الْقَلِيلَ قَالَ فَيَقُولُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ لَا يَجُوزُ إِلَى جَنَّتِيَ الْيَوْمَ ظَالِمٌ وَ لَا يَجُوزُ إِلَى نَارِيَ الْيَوْمَ ظَالِمٌ وَ لِأَحَدٍ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ عِنْدَهُ مَظْلِمَةٌ حَتَّى يَأْخُذَهَا مِنْهُ عِنْدَ الْحِسَابِ أَيُّهَا الْخَلَائِقُ اسْتَعِدُّوا لِلْحِسَابِ قَالَ ثُمَّ يُخَلَّى سَبِيلُهُمْ فَيَنْطَلِقُونَ إِلَى الْعَقَبَةِ يَكْرُدُ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضاً حَتَّى يَنْتَهُوا إِلَى الْعَرْصَةِ وَ الْجَبَّارُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى عَلَى الْعَرْشِ قَدْ نُشِرَتِ الدَّوَاوِينُ وَ نُصِبَتِ الْمَوَازِينُ وَ أُحْضِرَ النَّبِيُّونَ وَ الشُّهَدَاءُ وَ هُمُ الْأَئِمَّةُ يَشْهَدُ كُلُّ إِمَامٍ عَلَى أَهْلِ عَالَمِهِ بِأَنَّهُ قَدْ قَامَ فِيهِمْ بِأَمْرِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ دَعَاهُمْ إِلَى سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ قَالَ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَجُلٌ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ إِذَا كَانَ لِلرَّجُلِ الْمُؤْمِنِ عِنْدَ الرَّجُلِ الْكَافِرِ مَظْلِمَةٌ أَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ يَأْخُذُ مِنَ الْكَافِرِ وَ هُوَ مِنْ أَهْلِ النَّارِ قَالَ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (عليه السلام) يُطْرَحُ عَنِ الْمُسْلِمِ مِنْ سَيِّئَاتِهِ بِقَدْرِ مَا لَهُ عَلَى الْكَافِرِ فَيُعَذَّبُ الْكَافِرُ بِهَا مَعَ عَذَابِهِ بِكُفْرِهِ عَذَاباً بِقَدْرِ مَا لِلْمُسْلِمِ قِبَلَهُ مِنْ مَظْلِمَةٍ قَالَ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْقُرَشِيُّ فَإِذَا كَانَتِ الْمَظْلِمَةُ لِلْمُسْلِمِ عِنْدَ مُسْلِمٍ كَيْفَ تُؤْخَذُ مَظْلِمَتُهُ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِ قَالَ يُؤْخَذُ لِلْمَظْلُومِ مِنَ الظَّالِمِ مِنْ حَسَنَاتِهِ بِقَدْرِ حَقِّ الْمَظْلُومِ فَتُزَادُ عَلَى حَسَنَاتِ الْمَظْلُومِ قَالَ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْقُرَشِيُّ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِلظَّالِمِ حَسَنَاتٌ قَالَ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِلظَّالِمِ حَسَنَاتٌ فَإِنَّ لِلْمَظْلُومِ سَيِّئَاتٍ يُؤْخَذُ مِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ الْمَظْلُومِ فَتُزَادُ عَلَى سَيِّئَاتِ الظَّالِمِ.


79. A number of our companions, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, from Al-Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Ali Bin Ra’ib, from Abu Ubeyda Al-Haza’a, from Suweyr Bin Abu Fakhta who said: I heard Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.) narrating in the Masjid of the Rasool (saww) Allah (azwj) saying: ‘Narrated to me (a.s.) by my (a.s.) father (a.s.), and he (a.s.) heard it from his (a.s.) father (a.s.) Ali (a.s.) Bin Abu Talib (a.s.) narrating to the people saying: ‘When it will be the Day of Judgement, Allah (azwj) will Resurrect the people from their graves in their isolation, without beards, in one plane, being driven by the light, and Gather them in the darkness until they are paused upon the hurdle on the Place of Resurrection. So, some of them will climb upon the others, becoming over crowded. They will be prevented from passing. Their breathing will be heavy and they will sweat profusely, and their affairs would be constricted, their noises would intensify, and their voices would be raised. He (a.s.) said: ‘This will be the first sensation from the sensations of the Day of Judgement’. He (a.s.) said: ‘The Compeller (azwj) Blessed and High will Attend to them from above His (azwj) Throne in the shadow of the Angels, so He (azwj) Command an Angel from the Angels who would call out among them: ‘O group of creatures! Listen, and listen intently to the Caller of the Compeller (azwj)’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So the last of them would hear it just as the first of them’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Their voices would break up due to that, and they will anxiously look around and their body parts would become restless, and their hearts would be in a panic, and they will be raising their heads towards the direction of the voice hastening to the Caller’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So when that happens, the Infidel would say, ‘This is a difficult day’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So the Compeller (azwj) Mighty and Majestic would Attend to be the Judge over them, so He (azwj) will Say to them: “I (azwj) am Allah (azwj). There is no god except for Me (azwj). I (azwj) am the Equitable Judge Whom will not Let any injustice be done today. I (azwj) Shall Judge between you all with Justice and Equity. No one will be done injustice in My (azwj) Presence today. I (azwj) shall Take the rights for weak ones from the strong ones and for those who have suffered injustices will be retaliation from the good deeds and the sins as compensation and be Rewarded for the gifts. And no one will be Permitted today in My (azwj) Presence, as an unjust one or one to whom injustice has been done except if he waives his right against the other one, and I (azwj) shall Take from him (the unjust one) during the Accounting correlated. O you creatures! And seek what is due to you from the one who was unjust to you for it in the world, and I (azwj) am a Witness for you against them, and I (azwj) am sufficient as a Witness’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So they will recognise each other and seize the opportunity. So not one would remain for whom there would be anything from the unjust one any right except that he would claim for it’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So they would do that for as long as Allah (azwj) so Desires. Their condition would become difficult, and they will sweat profusely, and their grief would intensify, and they would be raising their voices by intense noise. So they would wish to be finished from it by letting go of their rights and not bother to claim for it from the unjust ones’. He (a.s.) said: ‘And Allah (azwj) would Know of their struggles, so a Caller would Call out from the Presence of Allah (azwj) Blessed and High which the last of them would hear as well as the first of them: ‘O group of creatures, listen intently to the Caller of Allah (azwj) Blessed and High, and listen to what Allah (azwj) Blessed and High is Saying to you all: ‘I (azwj) Am the Bestower and would Love it if you would gift (forego) each other and if you do not then I (azwj) will Take it for you from the one who was unjust to you’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So they would become happy with that due to their difficult struggles, and constriction, and their behaviour and contention’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So some of them would forego their rights in the hope that it would finish them from the situation that they would be in, and there would remain some of them who would say, ‘O Lord (azwj), our rights are greater than us being able to forego them’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So a Caller would Call out from beside the Throne: ‘Where is Rizwaan, the keeper of the Gardens of Al-Firdows?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘So Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic will Command him to display from Al-Firdows a castle of silver with whatever is inside it from the construction and the servants’. He (a.s.) said: ‘The butlers and the servants would be seen on the grounds of the castle’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So a Caller would Call out from the Presence of Allah (azwj) Blessed and High: “O group of creatures! Raise your heads and look at this castle’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So they will be raising their heads, and each one of them would wish for it’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So a Caller will Call out from the Presence of Allah (azwj): “O group of creatures! This is for every one forgives a Believer’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So all of them would be forgiving except for a few’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic will Say: “There is no Permission to My (azwj) Paradise today for the unjust one, and there is no Permission today to the Fire today for the one who was oppressed, or anyone from the Muslims who has in his possession somebody’s rights until it will be Taken from him during the Accounting. O you creatures! Be prepared for the Accounting’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Then their way would be cleared for them, so they will be moving to the next stage preparing one another until they end up at the Plains, and the Compeller (azwj) Blessed and High would be upon the Throne. The registers (of deeds) would have been published, the scales set, and the Prophets (as), and the witnesses (a.s.), and these would be the Imams (a.s.) would be present. Each Imam (a.s.) testifying over the people of his (a.s.) era, having stood among them by the Command of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic, and called them to the Way of Allah (azwj)’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So a man from Qureish said to him (a.s.), ‘O son (a.s.) of the Rasool (saww) Allah (azwj), if there is a Believing man who has a claim against an infidel man, which thing would be taken from the infidel, and he is from the inhabitants of the Fire?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘Ali (a.s.) Bin Al-Husayn (a.s.) said to him: ‘The sins of the Muslim would be taken from him in accordance with what is due to him from the infidel, so the infidel would be Punished by it along with his Punishment for his infidelity in accordance with what was for the Muslim before that right’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So the Qureishi said to him (a.s.), ‘So if there was a right for a Muslim against a Muslim, how would it be taken from a Muslim?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘The good deeds would be taken for the oppressed against the oppressor in accordance with the right of the oppressed and it would increase the good deeds of the oppressed one’. He (a.s.) said: ‘The Qureishi said to him (a.s.): ‘If the oppressor does not have any good deeds to his credit?’ He (a.s.) said: ‘If the oppressor does not have any good deeds to his credit, the sins of the oppressed would be taken from him so it would increase the sins of the oppressor’.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5 / 252)

Shaykh Baqir al-Behbudi: ضعيف - Sahih al-Kafi