64. Hadith

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عَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ مَعْرُوفِ بْنِ خَرَّبُوذَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عليه السلام) قَالَ إِنَّ لِلَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ رِيَاحَ رَحْمَةٍ وَ رِيَاحَ عَذَابٍ فَإِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَجْعَلَ الْعَذَابَ مِنَ الرِّيَاحِ رَحْمَةً فَعَلَ قَالَ وَ لَنْ يَجْعَلَ الرَّحْمَةَ مِنَ الرِّيحِ عَذَاباً قَالَ وَ ذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَرْحَمْ قَوْماً قَطُّ أَطَاعُوهُ وَ كَانَتْ طَاعَتُهُمْ إِيَّاهُ وَبَالًا عَلَيْهِمْ إِلَّا مِنْ بَعْدِ تَحَوُّلِهِمْ عَنْ طَاعَتِهِ قَالَ كَذَلِكَ فَعَلَ بِقَوْمِ يُونُسَ لَمَّا آمَنُوا رَحِمَهُمُ اللَّهُ بَعْدَ مَا كَانَ قَدَّرَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْعَذَابَ وَ قَضَاهُ ثُمَّ تَدَارَكَهُمْ بِرَحْمَتِهِ فَجَعَلَ الْعَذَابَ الْمُقَدَّرَ عَلَيْهِمْ رَحْمَةً فَصَرَفَهُ عَنْهُمْ وَ قَدْ أَنْزَلَهُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَ غَشِيَهُمْ وَ ذَلِكَ لَمَّا آمَنُوا بِهِ وَ تَضَرَّعُوا إِلَيْهِ قَالَ وَ أَمَّا الرِّيحُ الْعَقِيمُ فَإِنَّهَا رِيحُ عَذَابٍ لَا تُلْقِحُ شَيْئاً مِنَ الْأَرْحَامِ وَ لَا شَيْئاً مِنَ النَّبَاتِ وَ هِيَ رِيحٌ تَخْرُجُ مِنْ تَحْتِ الْأَرَضِينَ السَّبْعِ وَ مَا خَرَجَتْ مِنْهَا رِيحٌ قَطُّ إِلَّا عَلَى قَوْمِ عَادٍ حِينَ غَضِبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ فَأَمَرَ الْخُزَّانَ أَنْ يُخْرِجُوا مِنْهَا عَلَى مِقْدَارِ سَعَةِ الْخَاتَمِ قَالَ فَعَتَتْ عَلَى الْخُزَّانِ فَخَرَجَ مِنْهَا عَلَى مِقْدَارِ مَنْخِرِ الثَّوْرِ تَغَيُّظاً مِنْهَا عَلَى قَوْمِ عَادٍ قَالَ فَضَجَّ الْخُزَّانُ إِلَى اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مِنْ ذَلِكَ فَقَالُوا رَبَّنَا إِنَّهَا قَدْ عَتَتْ عَنْ أَمْرِنَا إِنَّا نَخَافُ أَنْ تُهْلِكَ مَنْ لَمْ يَعْصِكَ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ وَ عُمَّارِ بِلَادِكَ قَالَ فَبَعَثَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ إِلَيْهَا جَبْرَئِيلَ (عليه السلام) فَاسْتَقْبَلَهَا بِجَنَاحَيْهِ فَرَدَّهَا إِلَى مَوْضِعِهَا وَ قَالَ لَهَا اخْرُجِي عَلَى مَا أُمِرْتِ بِهِ قَالَ فَخَرَجَتْ عَلَى مَا أُمِرَتْ بِهِ وَ أَهْلَكَتْ قَوْمَ عَادٍ وَ مَنْ كَانَ بِحَضْرَتِهِمْ .


64. From him, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Mahboub, from Abdullah Bin Sinan, from Ma’rouf Bin Kharbouz, who said: Abu Ja’far (a.s.) said that ‘Allah (azwj) has winds of Mercy as well as winds of Punishment. So if Allah (azwj) Desires that He (azwj) Turns the winds of Punishment into the winds of Mercy, He (azwj) Does it, but He (azwj) never Makes (winds of ) Mercy to be turned into the wind of Punishment’. He (a.s.) said: ‘And it is never the case that He (azwj) is Merciful to all people who obey Him (azwj) and that their obedience should become an affliction for them, except after theirs having turned from their obedience. He (a.s.) said: ‘That is how He (azwj) Acted with the people of Yunus (as). When they believed, Allah (azwj) Bestowed mercy upon them after having had Ordained for them the Punishment. He (azwj) had Decided, then Enclosed them with His (azwj) Mercy. So He (azwj) Made the Punishment that was pre-destined for them as a Mercy. He (azwj) Turned it away from them and it had already descended upon them and overwhelmed them, but they pleaded before Him (azwj)’. He (a.s.) said: ‘And as for the wind of the destruction (Al-Aqeem), so it is a wind of Punishment. Neither, does it inseminate anything from the wombs or anything from the seeds, and it is a wind which comes out from the underneath the seven earths, and not a (single) wind came out from it at all except upon the people of Aad when Allah (azwj) was Wrathful against them. So He (azwj) Commanded the Keepers to take from it a measure of the size of a ring’. He (a.s.) said: ‘It rebelled against the Keepers, so there came out from it a measure of the nostril of a bull being wrathful against the people of Aad’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So the Keepers grumbled to Allah (azwj) from that. They said, ‘Our Lord (azwj)! It has rebelled against our orders. We are afraid that it would destroy the ones who have not been disobedient to You (azwj) from Your (azwj) creatures who built Your (azwj) City’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So Allah (azwj) Sent Jibraeel towards it who faced it with both his wings and returned it back to its place and said to it: ‘Come out of the ones whom you have not been Commanded for’. He (a.s.) said: ‘So it came out from the ones against whom it had not been Commanded for, and destroyed the people of Aad and those who were present with them (their supporters)’.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5 / 219)

Shaykh Baqir al-Behbudi: ضعيف - Sahih al-Kafi