63. Hadith

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مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ وَ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عليه السلام) عَنِ الرِّيَاحِ الْأَرْبَعِ الشَّمَالِ وَ الْجَنُوبِ وَ الصَّبَا وَ الدَّبُورِ وَ قُلْتُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ يَذْكُرُونَ أَنَّ الشَّمَالَ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَ الْجَنُوبَ مِنَ النَّارِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ لِلَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ جُنُوداً مِنْ رِيَاحٍ يُعَذِّبُ بِهَا مَنْ يَشَاءُ مِمَّنْ عَصَاهُ وَ لِكُلِّ رِيحٍ مِنْهَا مَلَكٌ مُوَكَّلٌ بِهَا فَإِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ أَنْ يُعَذِّبَ قَوْماً بِنَوْعٍ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ أَوْحَى إِلَى الْمَلَكِ الْمُوَكَّلِ بِذَلِكَ النَّوْعِ مِنَ الرِّيحِ الَّتِي يُرِيدُ أَنْ يُعَذِّبَهُمْ بِهَا قَالَ فَيَأْمُرُهَا الْمَلَكُ فَيَهِيجُ كَمَا يَهِيجُ الْأَسَدُ الْمُغْضَبُ قَالَ وَ لِكُلِّ رِيحٍ مِنْهُنَّ اسْمٌ أَ مَا تَسْمَعُ قَوْلَهُ تَعَالَى كَذَّبَتْ عادٌ فَكَيْفَ كانَ عَذابِي وَ نُذُرِ إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنا عَلَيْهِمْ رِيحاً صَرْصَراً فِي يَوْمِ نَحْسٍ مُسْتَمِرٍّ وَ قَالَ الرِّيحَ الْعَقِيمَ وَ قَالَ رِيحٌ فِيها عَذابٌ أَلِيمٌ وَ قَالَ فَأَصابَها إِعْصارٌ فِيهِ نارٌ فَاحْتَرَقَتْ وَ مَا ذُكِرَ مِنَ الرِّيَاحِ الَّتِي يُعَذِّبُ اللَّهُ بِهَا مَنْ عَصَاهُ قَالَ وَ لِلَّهِ عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ رِيَاحُ رَحْمَةٍ لَوَاقِحُ وَ غَيْرُ ذَلِكَ يَنْشُرُهَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَحْمَتِهِ مِنْهَا مَا يُهَيِّجُ السَّحَابَ لِلْمَطَرِ وَ مِنْهَا رِيَاحٌ تَحْبِسُ السَّحَابَ بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَ الْأَرْضِ وَ رِيَاحٌ تَعْصِرُ السَّحَابَ فَتَمْطُرُهُ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَ مِنْهَا رِيَاحٌ مِمَّا عَدَّدَ اللَّهُ فِي الْكِتَابِ فَأَمَّا الرِّيَاحُ الْأَرْبَعُ الشَّمَالُ وَ الْجَنُوبُ وَ الصَّبَا وَ الدَّبُورُ فَإِنَّمَا هِيَ أَسْمَاءُ الْمَلَائِكَةِ الْمُوَكَّلِينَ بِهَا فَإِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يُهِبَّ شَمَالًا أَمَرَ الْمَلَكَ الَّذِي اسْمُهُ الشَّمَالُ فَيَهْبِطُ عَلَى الْبَيْتِ الْحَرَامِ فَقَامَ عَلَى الرُّكْنِ الشَّامِيِّ فَضَرَبَ بِجَنَاحِهِ فَتَفَرَّقَتْ رِيحُ الشَّمَالِ حَيْثُ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْبَرِّ وَ الْبَحْرِ وَ إِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَبْعَثَ جَنُوباً أَمَرَ الْمَلَكَ الَّذِي اسْمُهُ الْجَنُوبُ فَهَبَطَ عَلَى الْبَيْتِ الْحَرَامِ فَقَامَ عَلَى الرُّكْنِ الشَّامِيِّ فَضَرَبَ بِجَنَاحِهِ فَتَفَرَّقَتْ رِيحُ الْجَنُوبِ فِي الْبَرِّ وَ الْبَحْرِ حَيْثُ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ وَ إِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَبْعَثَ رِيحَ الصَّبَا أَمَرَ الْمَلَكَ الَّذِي اسْمُهُ الصَّبَا فَهَبَطَ عَلَى الْبَيْتِ الْحَرَامِ فَقَامَ عَلَى الرُّكْنِ الشَّامِيِّ فَضَرَبَ بِجَنَاحِهِ فَتَفَرَّقَتْ رِيحُ الصَّبَا حَيْثُ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ جَلَّ وَ عَزَّ فِي الْبَرِّ وَ الْبَحْرِ وَ إِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَبْعَثَ دَبُوراً أَمَرَ الْمَلَكَ الَّذِي اسْمُهُ الدَّبُورُ فَهَبَطَ عَلَى الْبَيْتِ الْحَرَامِ فَقَامَ عَلَى الرُّكْنِ الشَّامِيِّ فَضَرَبَ بِجَنَاحِهِ فَتَفَرَّقَتْ رِيحُ الدَّبُورِ حَيْثُ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْبَرِّ وَ الْبَحْرِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عليه السلام) أَ مَا تَسْمَعُ لِقَوْلِهِ رِيحُ الشَّمَالِ وَ رِيحُ الْجَنُوبِ وَ رِيحُ الدَّبُورِ وَ رِيحُ الصَّبَا إِنَّمَا تُضَافُ إِلَى الْمَلَائِكَةِ الْمُوَكَّلِينَ بِهَا.


63. Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al-Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Ali Bin Ra’ab and Hashaam Bin Saalim, from Abu Baseer who said: ‘I asked Abu Ja’far (a.s.) about the four types of winds – the North, the South, Al-Saba and Al-Dabour, and I said that the people are mentioning that the North (wind) is from the Paradise, and the South (wind) is from the Fire’. So he (a.s.) said: ‘Allah (azwj) has armies of winds by which He (azwj) Punishes whomsoever that He (azwj) so Wishes to from the ones who disobey Him (azwj), and from every wind from these is an Angel allocated to it. So if Allah (azwj) Intends to Punish a people by some kind of torment, He (azwj) Reveals to the Angel in charge of that particular type of the winds by which He (azwj) Intends to Punish them by. So the Angel orders it and it get excited like a lion gets excited when bothered’. He (a.s.) said: ‘And for every wind from these is a name. Have you not heard the Words of the High (azwj): “[54:19] For We sent against them a furious wind (Sarsara), on a Day of violent Disaster”, and Said: “[51:41] When We sent upon them the destructive wind (Al-Aqeem)”, and Said: “[46:24] a blast of wind in which is a painful punishment,”, and Said: “[2:266] that it should be caught in a whirlwind, with fire therein, and be burnt up”. And (others) from winds which have not been Mentioned by which Allah (azwj) Punishes the ones who disobey Him (azwj)’. He (a.s.) said: ‘And Allah (azwj) Mighty is His (azwj) mention has winds of Mercy which occur, and others besides that which He (azwj) Displays His (azwj) Mercy. From these is that which incites clouds for the rain, and from these is a wind which holds up the clouds in between the sky and the earth, and the winds which squeeze the clouds so they make rain by the Permission of Allah (azwj), and from these are winds which Allah (azwj) has Counted in His (azwj) Book. As for the four winds – the North, and the South, and Al-Saba, and Al-Dabour, so these are the names of the Angels who have been allocated to these. So if Allah (azwj) Intends the North wind to blow, He (azwj) Commands the Angel whose name is the North (Al-Shimaal), so he descends upon the Sacred House (Al-Bayt Al-Haram), stands upon the Al-Shamy corner of it and flaps his wings. So the North wind disperses in the land and the sea wherever Allah (azwj) Desires it to. And if Allah (azwj) Intends to Send the South winds, He (azwj) Commands the Angel whose name is the South (Al-Junoub), so he descends upon the Sacred House (Al-Bayt Al-Haram), stands upon the Al-Shamy corner of it and flaps his wings. So the South wind disperses in the land and the sea wherever Allah (azwj) Desires it to. And if Allah (azwj) Intends to Send Al-Saba wind, He (azwj) Commands the Angel whose name is Al-Saba, so he descends upon the Sacred House, stands upon the Al-Shamy corner of it and flaps his wings. So the Al-Saba wind disperses in the land and the sea wherever Allah (azwj) Desires it to. And if Allah (azwj) Intends to Send Daboura, He (azwj) Commands the Angel whose name is Al-Dabour, so he descends upon the Sacred House, stands upon the Al-Shamy corner of it and flaps his wings. So Al-Dabour wind disperses in the land and the sea wherever Allah (azwj) Desires it to’. Then Abu Ja’far (a.s.) said: ‘As for your hearing their words – the North wind, and the South wind, and Al-Dabour wind, and Al-Saba wind, but rather these are the Angels who have been entrusted with these.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (5 / 216)

Shaykh Baqir al-Behbudi: ضعيف - Sahih al-Kafi