574. Hadith

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عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْعَبَّاسِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عليه السلام) فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ مَنْ يَقْتَرِفْ حَسَنَةً نَزِدْ لَهُ فِيها حُسْناً قَالَ مَنْ تَوَلَّى الْأَوْصِيَاءَ مِنْ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اتَّبَعَ آثَارَهُمْ فَذَاكَ يَزِيدُهُ وَلَايَةَ مَنْ مَضَى مِنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الْأَوَّلِينَ حَتَّى تَصِلَ وَلَايَتُهُمْ إِلَى آدَمَ (عليه السلام) وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مَنْ جاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ خَيْرٌ مِنْها يُدْخِلُهُ الْجَنَّةَ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ قُلْ ما سَأَلْتُكُمْ مِنْ أَجْرٍ فَهُوَ لَكُمْ يَقُولُ أَجْرُ الْمَوَدَّةِ الَّذِي لَمْ أَسْأَلْكُمْ غَيْرَهُ فَهُوَ لَكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ بِهِ وَ تَنْجُونَ مِنْ عَذَابِ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ وَ قَالَ لِأَعْدَاءِ اللَّهِ أَوْلِيَاءِ الشَّيْطَانِ أَهْلِ التَّكْذِيبِ وَ الْإِنْكَارِ قُلْ ما أَسْئَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ وَ ما أَنَا مِنَ الْمُتَكَلِّفِينَ يَقُولُ مُتَكَلِّفاً أَنْ أَسْأَلَكُمْ مَا لَسْتُمْ بِأَهْلِهِ فَقَالَ الْمُنَافِقُونَ عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ أَ مَا يَكْفِي مُحَمَّداً أَنْ يَكُونَ قَهَرَنَا عِشْرِينَ سَنَةً حَتَّى يُرِيدُ أَنْ يُحَمِّلَ أَهْلَ بَيْتِهِ عَلَى رِقَابِنَا فَقَالُوا مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ هَذَا وَ مَا هُوَ إِلَّا شَيْ‏ءٌ يَتَقَوَّلُهُ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَرْفَعَ أَهْلَ بَيْتِهِ عَلَى رِقَابِنَا وَ لَئِنْ قُتِلَ مُحَمَّدٌ أَوْ مَاتَ لَنَنْزِعَنَّهَا مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ ثُمَّ لَا نُعِيدُهَا فِيهِمْ أَبَداً وَ أَرَادَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ أَنْ يُعْلِمَ نَبِيَّهُ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) الَّذِي أَخْفَوْا فِي صُدُورِهِمْ وَ أَسَرُّوا بِهِ فَقَالَ فِي كِتَابِهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ أَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَرى عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِباً فَإِنْ يَشَإِ اللَّهُ يَخْتِمْ عَلى قَلْبِكَ يَقُولُ لَوْ شِئْتُ حَبَسْتُ عَنْكَ الْوَحْيَ فَلَمْ تَكَلَّمْ بِفَضْلِ أَهْلِ بَيْتِكَ وَ لَا بِمَوَدَّتِهِمْ وَ قَدْ قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ يَمْحُ اللَّهُ الْباطِلَ وَ يُحِقُّ الْحَقَّ بِكَلِماتِهِ يَقُولُ الْحَقُّ لِأَهْلِ بَيْتِكَ الْوَلَايَةُ إِنَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِذاتِ الصُّدُورِ وَ يَقُولُ بِمَا أَلْقَوْهُ فِي صُدُورِهِمْ مِنَ الْعَدَاوَةِ لِأَهْلِ بَيْتِكَ وَ الظُّلْمِ بَعْدَكَ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ أَسَرُّوا النَّجْوَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا هَلْ هذا إِلَّا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُكُمْ أَ فَتَأْتُونَ السِّحْرَ وَ أَنْتُمْ تُبْصِرُونَ وَ فِي قَوْلِهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ النَّجْمِ إِذا هَوى قَالَ أُقْسِمُ بِقَبْضِ مُحَمَّدٍ إِذَا قُبِضَ ما ضَلَّ صاحِبُكُمْ بِتَفْضِيلِهِ أَهْلَ بَيْتِهِ وَ ما غَوى وَ ما يَنْطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوى يَقُولُ مَا يَتَكَلَّمُ بِفَضْلِ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ بِهَوَاهُ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحى وَ قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ لِمُحَمَّدٍ (صلى الله عليه وآله) قُلْ لَوْ أَنَّ عِنْدِي ما تَسْتَعْجِلُونَ بِهِ لَقُضِيَ الْأَمْرُ بَيْنِي وَ بَيْنَكُمْ قَالَ لَوْ أَنِّي أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أُعْلِمَكُمُ الَّذِي أَخْفَيْتُمْ فِي صُدُورِكِمْ مِنِ اسْتِعْجَالِكُمْ بِمَوْتِي لِتَظْلِمُوا أَهْلَ بَيْتِي مِنْ بَعْدِي فَكَانَ مَثَلُكُمْ كَمَا قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ كَمَثَلِ الَّذِي اسْتَوْقَدَ ناراً فَلَمَّا أَضاءَتْ ما حَوْلَهُ يَقُولُ أَضَاءَتِ الْأَرْضُ بِنُورِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا تُضِي‏ءُ الشَّمْسُ فَضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلَ مُحَمَّدٍ (صلى الله عليه وآله) الشَّمْسَ وَ مَثَلَ الْوَصِيِّ الْقَمَرَ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ جَعَلَ الشَّمْسَ ضِياءً وَ الْقَمَرَ نُوراً وَ قَوْلُهُ وَ آيَةٌ لَهُمُ اللَّيْلُ نَسْلَخُ مِنْهُ النَّهارَ فَإِذا هُمْ مُظْلِمُونَ وَ قَوْلُهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ ذَهَبَ اللَّهُ بِنُورِهِمْ وَ تَرَكَهُمْ فِي ظُلُماتٍ لا يُبْصِرُونَ يَعْنِي قُبِضَ مُحَمَّدٌ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَ ظَهَرَتِ الظُّلْمَةُ فَلَمْ يُبْصِرُوا فَضْلَ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ إِنْ تَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَى الْهُدى لا يَسْمَعُوا وَ تَراهُمْ يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَيْكَ وَ هُمْ لا يُبْصِرُونَ ثُمَّ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَضَعَ الْعِلْمَ الَّذِي كَانَ عِنْدَهُ عِنْدَ الْوَصِيِّ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّماواتِ وَ الْأَرْضِ يَقُولُ أَنَا هَادِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَ الْأَرْضِ مَثَلُ الْعِلْمِ الَّذِي أَعْطَيْتُهُ وَ هُوَ نُورِيَ الَّذِي يُهْتَدَى بِهِ مَثَلُ الْمِشْكَاةِ فِيهَا الْمِصْبَاحُ فَالْمِشْكَاةُ قَلْبُ مُحَمَّدٍ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَالْمِصْبَاحُ النُّورُ الَّذِي فِيهِ الْعِلْمُ وَ قَوْلُهُ الْمِصْباحُ فِي زُجاجَةٍ يَقُولُ إِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَقْبِضَكَ فَاجْعَلِ الَّذِي عِنْدَكَ عِنْدَ الْوَصِيِّ كَمَا يُجْعَلُ الْمِصْبَاحُ فِي الزُّجَاجَةِ كَأَنَّها كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّيٌّ فَأَعْلَمَهُمْ فَضْلَ الْوَصِيِّ يُوقَدُ مِنْ شَجَرَةٍ مُبارَكَةٍ فَأَصْلُ الشَّجَرَةِ الْمُبَارَكَةِ إِبْرَاهِيمُ (عليه السلام) وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ رَحْمَتُ اللَّهِ وَ بَرَكاتُهُ عَلَيْكُمْ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ إِنَّهُ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفى آدَمَ وَ نُوحاً وَ آلَ إِبْراهِيمَ وَ آلَ عِمْرانَ عَلَى الْعالَمِينَ ذُرِّيَّةً بَعْضُها مِنْ بَعْضٍ وَ اللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ لا شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَ لا غَرْبِيَّةٍ يَقُولُ لَسْتُمْ بِيَهُودٍ فَتُصَلُّوا قِبَلَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَ لَا نَصَارَى فَتُصَلُّوا قِبَلَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَ أَنْتُمْ عَلَى مِلَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عليه السلام) وَ قَدْ قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ ما كانَ إِبْراهِيمُ يَهُودِيًّا وَ لا نَصْرانِيًّا وَ لكِنْ كانَ حَنِيفاً مُسْلِماً وَ ما كانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ وَ قَوْلُهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَكادُ زَيْتُها يُضِي‏ءُ وَ لَوْ لَمْ تَمْسَسْهُ نارٌ نُورٌ عَلى نُورٍ يَهْدِي اللَّهُ لِنُورِهِ مَنْ يَشاءُ يَقُولُ مَثَلُ أَوْلَادِكُمُ الَّذِينَ يُولَدُونَ مِنْكُمْ كَمَثَلِ الزَّيْتِ الَّذِي يُعْصَرُ مِنَ الزَّيْتُونِ يَكادُ زَيْتُها يُضِي‏ءُ وَ لَوْ لَمْ تَمْسَسْهُ نارٌ نُورٌ عَلى نُورٍ يَهْدِي اللَّهُ لِنُورِهِ مَنْ يَشاءُ يَقُولُ يَكَادُونَ أَنْ يَتَكَلَّمُوا بِالنُّبُوَّةِ وَ لَوْ لَمْ يُنْزَلْ عَلَيْهِمْ مَلَكٌ.


574. Ali Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al-Abbas, from Ali Bin Hammad, from Amro Bin Shimr, from Jabir, who has narrated the following: ‘Abu Ja’far (asws) regarding the Statement of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic: “[42:23] and whoever earns good, We give him more of good therein”, said; ‘The one who befriends (Tawalla) the successors (asws) from the Progeny (asws) of Muhammad (saww), and follows their (asws) footsteps, so that increases for him the Wilayah of the ones from the past from the Prophets (as), and the former Believers until their Wilayah arrives to Adam (as), and it is the Statement of Allah (azwj) “[27:89] Whoever brings good, he shall have better than it”, He (azwj) will Enter him into the Paradise, and it is the Statement of Allah (azwj): “[34:47] Say: Whatever reward I have asked of you, that is only for yourselves”. He (saww) is saying that the reward is the cordiality which I (saww) never asked for anything other than it, so it is for you to be guided by it, and to be Rescued by it from the Punishment on the Day of Judgement’. And he (saww) said to the enemies of Allah (azwj), the friends of Satan (la), the people of the belying and the denial: “[38:86] Say: "No reward do I ask of you for this, nor am I a pretender”. He (saww) is saying; ‘I (saww) would be a pretender if I (saww) were to ask you what you are not deserving of’. So the hypocrites said to each other, with regards to that, ‘But it did not suffice Muhammad (saww) after having conquered us for twenty years, to the extent that he (saww) now wants to burden us with the People (asws) of his (saww) Household upon our necks’. So they said, ‘Allah (azwj) has not Revealed this, nor is it anything except for his (saww) words, intending to raise the People (asws) of his (saww) Household upon our necks, and if Muhammad (saww) were to be killed or dies, we would take it (rule) away from the People (asws) of his (saww) Household, then we would not let it return to be among them ever’. And Allah (azwj) Wanted to let know His (azwj) Prophet (saww) of that which was hidden in their chests and what they were keeping as a secret. So He (azwj) Said in His (azwj) Book: “[42:24] Or do they say: He has forged a lie against Allah? But if Allah pleased, He would seal your heart”. He (azwj) is Saying: “Had I (azwj) so Liked to, I (azwj) would have Stopped the Revelation, so you (saww) would not have been able to speak of the virtues of the People (asws) of your (saww) Household, or of their cordiality”. And Allah (azwj) has Said: “[42:24] And Allah will wipe out the lie and will vindicate the truth by His words” He (azwj) is Saying that the truth is the Wilayah for the People (asws) of the Household “Lo! He is Aware of what is hidden in the breasts”, and is Speaking of what is attached in their chests from the enmity to the People (asws) of the Household, and the injustices after you (saww), and it is the Statement of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic: “[21:3] and those who are unjust counsel together in secret: He is nothing but a mortal like yourselves; what! will you then yield to enchantment while you see?” And regarding the Statement of the Mighty and Majestic: “[53:1] I swear by the star when it goes down He (asws) said; ‘(It means) I (azwj) Swear by the passing away of Muhammad (saww) when he (saww) passes away [53:2] Your companion does not err, in giving out the virtues of the People (asws) of his (saww) Household nor does he go astray; [53:3] Nor does he speak out of desire. He (azwj) is Saying that he (saww) does not speak of the virtues of the People (asws) of his (saww) Household out of his (saww) own desires, and it is the Statement of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic [53:4] It is naught but revelation that is revealed”. And Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Said to Muhammad (saww): “[6:58] Say: If that which you desire to hasten were with me, the matter would have certainly been decided between you and me”. He (saww) said: ‘Had I (saww) been Commanded to, I (saww) would have informed you all of what you are hiding in your chests of the hastening of my (saww) passing away, so that you would perpetrate injustices to the People (asws) of my (saww) Household from after me (saww). So the example of yours in as Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic has Said: “[2:17] Their parable is like the parable of one who kindled a fire but when it had illumined all around him”, He (azwj) is Saying; “Illumination of the earth by the light of Muhammad (saww) just like the illumination of the sun”. So Allah (azwj) Cited an example of Muhammad (saww) with the sun, and an example of the successor (asws) with the moon, and it is the Statement of the Mighty and Majestic: “[10:5] He it is Who made the sun a shining brightness and the moon a light”, and His (azwj) Statement: “[36:37] And a sign to them is the night: We draw forth from it the day, then lo! they are in the dark”, and the Statement of the Mighty and Majestic: “[2:17] Their parable is like the parable of one who kindled a fire but when it had illumined all around him, Allah took away their light, and left them in utter darkness - they do not see”, meaning, the passing away of Muhammad (saww) and the appearance of the darkness, so they cannot see the virtues of the People (asws) of his (saww) Household, and it is the Statement of the Mighty and Majestic: “[7:198] And if you invite them to guidance, they do not hear; and you see them looking towards you, yet they do not see”. Then the Rasool Allah (saww) placed the knowledge which was with him (saww) to be with the successor (asws), and it is the Statement of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic: “[24:35] Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth, He (azwj) is Saying: “I (azwj) am the Guide of the Heavens and the earth, like the Knowledge which I (azwj) Gave out, and it is My (azwj) Light with which I (azwj) Guide by a likeness of His light is as a niche in which is a lamp, so the niche is the heart of Muhammad (saww), and the lamp is the Light in which is the Knowledge. And His (azwj) Statement the lamp is in a glass, He (azwj) is Saying: “I (azwj) Wanted to Make you (saww) pass away, and Make that which is in your presence to be with the successor (asws) just as the lamp is made to be in a glass, (and) the glass is as it were a brightly shining star, lit from a blessed tree”. So the origin of the Blessed Tree is Ibrahim (as) and it is the Statement of the Mighty and Majestic: “[11:73] The mercy of Allah and His blessings are on you, O people of the house, surely He is Praised, Glorious”. And it is the Statement of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic: “[3:33] Surely Allah chose Adam and Nuh and the descendants of Ibrahim and the descendants of Imran above the nations [3:34] Offspring one of the other; and Allah is Hearing, Knowing”. “[24:35] neither eastern nor western”. He (azwj) is saying: “You are neither Jews so that you Pray in the direction of the west, nor are you Christians, so that you Pray in the direction of the east, but you are the nation of Ibrahim (as)”, and Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic has Said: “[3:67] Ibrahim was not a Jew nor a Christian but he was (an) upright (man), a Muslim, and he was not one of the polytheists”. And it is the Statement of the Mighty and Majestic: “[24:35] the oil whereof almost gives light though fire touch it not - light upon light - Allah guides to His light whom He pleases”, He (azwj) is Saying: “The example of your children whom you give birth to from among you, is like the example of the oil which comes out from the olive, “[24:35] the oil whereof almost gives light though fire touch it not - light upon light - Allah guides to His light whom He pleases”. He (azwj) is saying that they almost speak with the Prophet-hood even though an Angel has not descended upon them’.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6 / 569)