505. Hadith

Back to book

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ أَبِي يَزِيدَ وَ هُوَ فَرْقَدٌ عَنْ أَبِي يَزِيدَ الْحَمَّارِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (عليه السلام) قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى بَعَثَ أَرْبَعَةَ أَمْلَاكٍ فِي إِهْلَاكِ قَوْمِ لُوطٍ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ وَ إِسْرَافِيلَ وَ كَرُوبِيلَ (عليهم السلام) فَمَرُّوا بِإِبْرَاهِيمَ (عليه السلام) وَ هُمْ مُعْتَمُّونَ فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَلَمْ يَعْرِفْهُمْ وَ رَأَى هَيْئَةً حَسَنَةً فَقَالَ لَا يَخْدُمُ هَؤُلَاءِ أَحَدٌ إِلَّا أَنَا بِنَفْسِي وَ كَانَ صَاحِبَ أَضْيَافٍ فَشَوَى لَهُمْ عِجْلًا سَمِيناً حَتَّى أَنْضَجَهُ ثُمَّ قَرَّبَهُ إِلَيْهِمْ فَلَمَّا وَضَعَهُ بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ رَأى أَيْدِيَهُمْ لا تَصِلُ إِلَيْهِ نَكِرَهُمْ وَ أَوْجَسَ مِنْهُمْ خِيفَةً فَلَمَّا رَأَى ذَلِكَ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عليه السلام) حَسَرَ الْعِمَامَةَ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ وَ عَنْ رَأْسِهِ فَعَرَفَهُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ (عليه السلام) فَقَالَ أَنْتَ هُوَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ وَ مَرَّتِ امْرَأَتُهُ سَارَةُ فَبَشَّرَهَا بِإِسْحَاقَ وَ مِنْ وَرَاءِ إِسْحَاقَ يَعْقُوبَ فَقَالَتْ مَا قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فَأَجَابُوهَا بِمَا فِي الْكِتَابِ الْعَزِيزِ فَقَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ (عليه السلام) لَهُمْ فِيمَا ذَا جِئْتُمْ قَالُوا لَهُ فِي إِهْلَاكِ قَوْمِ لُوطٍ فَقَالَ لَهُمْ إِنْ كَانَ فِيهَا مِائَةٌ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ تُهْلِكُونَهُمْ فَقَالَ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عليه السلام) لَا قَالَ فَإِنْ كَانُوا خَمْسِينَ قَالَ لَا قَالَ فَإِنْ كَانُوا ثَلَاثِينَ قَالَ لَا قَالَ فَإِنْ كَانُوا عِشْرِينَ قَالَ لَا قَالَ فَإِنْ كَانُوا عَشَرَةً قَالَ لَا قَالَ فَإِنْ كَانُوا خَمْسَةً قَالَ لَا قَالَ فَإِنْ كَانُوا وَاحِداً قَالَ لَا قالَ إِنَّ فِيها لُوطاً قالُوا نَحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ فِيها لَنُنَجِّيَنَّهُ وَ أَهْلَهُ إِلَّا امْرَأَتَهُ كانَتْ مِنَ الْغابِرِينَ ثُمَّ مَضَوْا وَ قَالَ الْحَسَنُ الْعَسْكَرِيُّ أَبُو مُحَمَّدٍ لَا أَعْلَمُ ذَا الْقَوْلَ إِلَّا وَ هُوَ يَسْتَبْقِيهِمْ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يُجادِلُنا فِي قَوْمِ لُوطٍ فَأَتَوْا لُوطاً وَ هُوَ فِي زِرَاعَةٍ لَهُ قُرْبَ الْمَدِينَةِ فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ وَ هُمْ مُعْتَمُّونَ فَلَمَّا رَآهُمْ رَأَى هَيْئَةً حَسَنَةً عَلَيْهِمْ عَمَائِمُ بِيضٌ وَ ثِيَابٌ بِيضٌ فَقَالَ لَهُمُ الْمَنْزِلَ فَقَالُوا نَعَمْ فَتَقَدَّمَهُمْ وَ مَشَوْا خَلْفَهُ فَنَدِمَ عَلَى عَرْضِهِ عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَنْزِلَ وَ قَالَ أَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ صَنَعْتُ آتِي بِهِمْ قَوْمِي وَ أَنَا أَعْرِفُهُمْ فَالْتَفَتَ إِلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَ إِنَّكُمْ تَأْتُونَ شِرَارَ خَلْقِ اللَّهِ وَ قَدْ قَالَ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عليه السلام) لَا نَعْجَلُ عَلَيْهِمْ حَتَّى يَشْهَدَ ثَلَاثَ شَهَادَاتٍ فَقَالَ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عليه السلام) هَذِهِ وَاحِدَةٌ ثُمَّ مَشَى سَاعَةً ثُمَّ الْتَفَتَ إِلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَ إِنَّكُمْ تَأْتُونَ شِرَارَ خَلْقِ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عليه السلام) هَذِهِ اثْنَتَانِ ثُمَّ مَضَى فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ بَابَ الْمَدِينَةِ الْتَفَتَ إِلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَ إِنَّكُمْ تَأْتُونَ شِرَارَ خَلْقِ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عليه السلام) هَذِهِ ثَالِثَةٌ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ وَ دَخَلُوا مَعَهُ فَلَمَّا رَأَتْهُمُ امْرَأَتُهُ رَأَتْ هَيْئَةً حَسَنَةً فَصَعِدَتْ فَوْقَ السَّطْحِ وَ صَعِقَتْ فَلَمْ يَسْمَعُوا فَدَخَّنَتْ فَلَمَّا رَأَوُا الدُّخَانَ أَقْبَلُوا يُهْرَعُونَ إِلَى الْبَابِ فَنَزَلَتْ إِلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَتْ عِنْدَهُ قَوْمٌ مَا رَأَيْتُ قَطُّ أَحْسَنَ مِنْهُمْ هَيْئَةً فَجَاءُوا إِلَى الْبَابِ لِيَدْخُلُوهَا فَلَمَّا رَآهُمْ لُوطٌ قَامَ إِلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَ يَا قَوْمِ فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَ لا تُخْزُونِ فِي ضَيْفِي أَ لَيْسَ مِنْكُمْ رَجُلٌ رَشِيدٌ فَقَالَ هَؤُلَاءِ بَنَاتِي هُنَّ أَطْهَرُ لَكُمْ فَدَعَاهُمْ إِلَى الْحَلَالِ فَقَالُوا لَقَدْ عَلِمْتَ مَا لَنَا فِي بَنَاتِكَ مِنْ حَقٍّ وَ إِنَّكَ لَتَعْلَمُ مَا نُرِيدُ فَقالَ لَوْ أَنَّ لِي بِكُمْ قُوَّةً أَوْ آوِي إِلى رُكْنٍ شَدِيدٍ فَقَالَ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عليه السلام) لَوْ يَعْلَمُ أَيُّ قُوَّةٍ لَهُ فَكَاثَرُوهُ حَتَّى دَخَلُوا الْبَيْتَ قَالَ فَصَاحَ بِهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ يَا لُوطُ دَعْهُمْ يَدْخُلُونَ فَلَمَّا دَخَلُوا أَهْوَى جَبْرَئِيلُ بِإِصْبَعِهِ نَحْوَهُمْ فَذَهَبَتْ أَعْيُنُهُمْ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُهُ فَطَمَسْنا أَعْيُنَهُمْ ثُمَّ نَادَى جَبْرَئِيلُ فَقَالَ إِنَّا رُسُلُ رَبِّكَ لَنْ يَصِلُوا إِلَيْكَ فَأَسْرِ بِأَهْلِكَ بِقِطْعٍ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ وَ قَالَ لَهُ جَبْرَئِيلُ إِنَّا بُعِثْنَا فِي إِهْلَاكِهِمْ فَقَالَ يَا جَبْرَئِيلُ عَجِّلْ فَقَالَ إِنَّ مَوْعِدَهُمُ الصُّبْحُ أَ لَيْسَ الصُّبْحُ بِقَرِيبٍ قَالَ فَأَمَرَهُ فَتَحَمَّلَ وَ مَنْ مَعَهُ إِلَّا امْرَأَتَهُ قَالَ ثُمَّ اقْتَلَعَهَا جَبْرَئِيلُ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ مِنْ سَبْعِ أَرَضِينَ ثُمَّ رَفَعَهَا حَتَّى سَمِعَ أَهْلُ سَمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا نُبَاحَ الْكِلَابِ وَ صِيَاحَ الدِّيَكَةِ ثُمَّ قَلَبَهَا وَ أَمْطَرَ عَلَيْهَا وَ عَلَى مَنْ حَوْلَ الْمَدِينَةِ حِجَارَةً مِنْ سِجِّيلٍ.


505. Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ibn Fazzaal, from Dawood Bin Abu Yazeed and he is Farqad, from Abu Yazeed Al-Hammaar, who has said the following: Abu Abdullah (a.s.) having said that: ‘Allah (azwj) Sent four Angels (to Prophet Ibrahim (as)) for the destruction of the people of Lut (as) – Jibraeel (as), and Mikaeel (as), and Israfeel (as), and Karoubeel (as) and they had obscured their faces. They greeted him (as). He (as) did not recognise them and saw them as good persons. So he (as) said (to himself (as)), ‘No one shall attend to them except for myself personally’, and he (as) was a kind host. So he grilled a calf for them until it was well done, then placed it near to them. So when he (as) placed it in front of them, “[11:70] But when he saw that their hands were not extended towards it, he deemed them strange and conceived fear of them”. So when Jibraeel (as) saw that, he (as) removed the turban from his (as) face and from his (as) head. Ibrahim (as) recognised him (as). He (as) said: ‘You (as) are he (as)!’ He (as) said: ‘Yes’, and his (as) wife passed by and he (as) gave her (as) the good news of Is’haq (as), and after Is’haq (as) of Yaqoub (as). So she (as) said what Allah (azwj) has Stated, and they (as) answered her (as) with what is in the Mighty Book. So Ibrahim (as) said to them: ‘What have you (as) come for?’ They (as) said to him (as): ‘For the destruction of the people of Lut (as)’. So he (as) said to them (as): ‘Suppose there were a hundred Believers among them, would you (as) destroy them?’ Jibraeel (as) said: ‘No’. He (as) said: ‘If there were fifty?’ He (as) said: ‘No’. He (as) said, ‘If there were thirty?’ He (as) said; No’. He (as) said: ‘If there were twenty?’ He (as) said: ‘No’. He (as) said: ‘if there were ten?’ He (as) said; ‘No’. He (as) said: ‘If there were five?’ He (as) said: ‘No’. He (as) said: ‘If there was one?’ He (as) said: ‘No’. “[29:32] He said: Surely in it is Lut. They said: We know well who is in it; we shall certainly deliver him and his followers, except his wife; she shall be of those who remain behind”. Then they (as) left. And Al-Hassan Al-Askary Abu Muhammad (a.s.) said, and I don’t know whether it is the speech except that it has been preserved: ‘And it is the Statement of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic: “[11:74] he began to plead with Us for Lut’s people”. So they (as) came to Lut (as) whilst he (as) was in his (as) farm near the city. So they (as) greeted him (as) whilst they (as) had obscured their (as) faces. So when he (as) saw them to be as good persons clad in white turbans and white robes, he (as) said to them (as): ‘Lodging?’ They (as) said: ‘Yes’. So he (as) led them (as) and they (as) walked behind him (as). He (as) regretted having offered lodging to them (as) and said (to himself (as)): ‘What shall I (as) do when I (as) come to my (as) people and I recognise them?’ So he (as) turned towards them (as) and said: ‘You (as) have come to evil creatures of Allah (azwj)’. And Jibraeel (as) had said: ‘We (as) will not make haste against them until he (as) testifies by three testimonies’. So Jibraeel (as) said (to himself (as)): ‘This is one testimony’. Then they (as) walked for a while, then he (as) turned towards them and said: ‘You (as) have come to evil creatures of Allah (azwj)’. So Jibraeel (as) said (to himself (as)): ‘These are two’. Then they (as) went, so when they reached the gate of the city, he (as) turned towards them (as) and said; ‘You (as) have come to evil creatures of Allah (azwj)’. So Jibraeel (as) said (to himself (as)): ‘These are three’. Then he (as) entered (the city) and they (as) entered with him (as). So when his (as) wife saw them (as) of good built she climbed on top of the roof of the house and whistled to the people. So when they did not hear her, she raised smoke. So when they saw the smoke they came rushing to the door. She came down to them and said, ‘He (as) has such people with him (as) that I have not seen such beauty ever better than theirs. They came to the gate, so when Lut (as) saw them, he (as) said: ‘O people! Fear Allah (azwj) and do not harass regarding my (as) guests. Is there no man with guidance among you? These are my (as) (community’s) daughters. They are cleaner for you, so call them to the Permissible’. They said, ‘You (as) are aware that there is no right for us regarding your daughters, and you (as) well know what we want’. So he (as) said; ‘If I (as) had strength or support I (as) would have resorted to a strong corner’. So Jibraeel (as) said (to himself (as)): ‘If only he (as) knew how much strength he (as) had’. So they spoke a lot until they (as) entered the house’. He (a.s.) said: ‘Jibraeel (as) shouted: ‘O Lut (as)! Call them to enter the house’. So when they entered, Jibraeel (as) pointed by his (as) finger around them, so their eyesight was lost and it is His (azwj) Words: “[54:37] but We blinded their eyes”. Then Jibraeel (as) called out: ‘We (as) have been Sent to destroy you all’. So he (as) said: ‘O Jibraeel (as), hurry up’. So he (as) said: ‘Their Promised time is the morning. Is not the morning yet?’ He (a.s.) said; ‘So he (Jibraeel (as)) commanded him to carry with him those who were with him (as) except for his (as) wife. Then Jibraeel (as), by his (as) wings, uprooted from the seventh firmament, then raised it until the inhabitants of the sky heard the barking of the dogs and the crowing of the roosters. Then he (as) overturned it, and rained upon it and upon the surrounding areas of the city, stones of clay’.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6 / 450)

Shaykh Baqir al-Behbudi: ضعيف - Sahih al-Kafi